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1997
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ECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH CAUTIONARY POLICIES
Prudent Avoidance (not necessarily identified as such) has been adopted as policy in parts of the electrical sector in Australia, Sweden and a few US states (California, Colorado, Hawaii, New York, Ohio, Texas, and Wisconsin).
In 1997 Australia adopted a policy of Prudent Avoidance with regard to new transmission lines, with measures described by the government as "general guidance" to be implemented "without undue inconvenience."
Measures that can be taken at "modest cost" include routing power lines away from schools, and phasing power line conductors to reduce magnetic fields near their rights of way.


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1992”N

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1993”N

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1995”N

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io“Tj‰¬–ìW–玁@2003”Nu•é‚µ‚ÌŽè’Ÿ‚R†v

 

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http://www.sekiyukagaku.co.jp/book-denjiha.htm‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“à—e

ƒ‚Q‚O‚P‚Q|‚P‚P|‚Q‚W‚ɃTƒCƒg‚ðŠm”FA“¯‚¶“à—e‚ªŒöŠJ’†„

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‚SDƒNƒTƒlƒ“@ƒKƒX‰®‚̃I[ƒ‹“d‰»‘΍R‚Ì•Å

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‚TAç—tŒ§‚ÌŽs–¯ƒlƒbƒgƒ[ƒN‚Ì•Å

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‚UDƒeƒNƒmAO‚Ì“dŽ¥”gƒOƒbƒY‚̔̔„•Å

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¢ŠE‚ŏ‰‚ß‚Ä“dŽ¥”g‘΍ô‚ðŽ{‚µ‚½CRTƒ‚ƒjƒ^[‚Í‚»‚̍D—á‚Æ‚¢‚¦‚邾‚낤B
ŠJ”­‚Ì‚«‚Á‚©‚¯‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½‚̂́A1990”N‘㏉“ª‚ɃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚©‚ç‘—‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚«‚½ŽŸ‚̂悤‚ȏî•ñ‚¾‚Á‚½B
uCRT‚©‚ço‚é”g’·‚Ì’·‚¢“dŽ¥”g‚ªl‘́A“Á‚É”D•w‚Ɉ«‰e‹¿‚ð—^‚¦‚évB

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̘J“­‘g‡‚É‚¢‚½‚Á‚ẮA“dŽ¥”g‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‹KŠi‚ðƒNƒŠƒA‚µ‚½»•i‚Å‚È‚¯‚ê‚΍‘“à‚ÌŽ–‹ÆŠ‚Å‚ÍŽg—p‚ð‹Ö‚¸‚é‚Æ‚Ì•ûj‚ð‘Å‚¿o‚µ‚½B
“–Žž‚Ì“ú–{‚É‚Í“dŽ¥”g‚̉e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚Í‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚½‚߁AEIZO‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ɎЈõ‚ð”hŒ­‚µ‚ďڂµ‚¢î•ñŽûW‚É“–‚½‚èA‘Ήž‚ðŒŸ“¢B
‚»‚µ‚āA‘¼ŽÐ‚ɐæ‹ì‚¯‚Ä“dŽ¥”g‘΍ô‚ð•W€‰»‚µ‚½»•i‚ÌŠJ”­‚ɐ¬Œ÷‚µ‚½B
––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚̉ïŽÐ‚ɉ½‚©A“–Žž‚Ì1ŽŸî•ñ‚ªŽc‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚©H
iŠ”jƒGƒCƒ][‚Ƀ[ƒ‹‚ð“ü‚ꂽ‚ªAu1992”N“–Žž‚Ì’S“–‚͑ސE‚µ‚½‚肵‚Ä‚¢‚āA“–Žž‚̏î•ñ‚ÍŒ©‚‚©‚ç‚È‚¢v‚ƁB

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚Ö–ß‚é

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‘æ2Í@“ú–{‚̏‘ÐEu‰‰ƒŒƒWƒ‚É—L‚Á‚½î•ñ

 

1D1995”N4ŒŽ@—Ε—o”Å”­s@‚ˆ³ü–â‘è‘S‘ƒlƒbƒgƒ[ƒN•Îu‚ˆ³ü‚Æ“dŽ¥”gŒöŠQv

‚±‚Ì–{‚ł͉¬–ìW–ç‚à•ª’SŽ·•M‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邪AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‹Lq‚Í‚È‚¢B

 

 

2D1996”N6ŒŽ@‰Ío‘–[VŽÐ”­s@¬ŽRŽõ’˜u“dŽ¥”g‚̐³‘Ì‚Æ‹°•|v

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

P21‚ɁuƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ð—á‚É‚Æ‚é‚ƁA1993”N‚©‚ç2-3ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚Æ‚¢‚¤’á‚¢’l‚ð–ÚˆÀ‚É‚µ‚āA¬ŠwZ‚â—c’t‰€•t‹ß‚Ì“S“ƒ“P‹Ž‚âŽ{ÝˆÚ“]‚ªŽn‚Ü‚èAZ‘î–§W’n•t‹ß‚Ì‘—“dü‚à“P‹Ž‚³‚êŽn‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚éBv‚Æ‚ ‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

’²‚ׂ½”͈͂ł͂±‚Ì‹Lq‚ª“ú–{‚̏‘Ð‚Å‚Ì‹Lq‚Æ‚µ‚Ă͍łàŒÃ‚¢B

 

15”N‘O‚̏‘Ð‚ŁA¬ŽRŽõ‚̓Wƒƒ[ƒiƒŠƒXƒg‚Å“dŽ¥”g‚̐ê–å‰Æ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚é‚̂ŁAŒ³ƒlƒ^’T‹‚µ‚Ä‚à–³‘Ê‚ÆŽv‚¢A‘k‹y‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ð‚ ‚«‚ç‚ß‚½B
1996
”N”­s‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“5È’¡ƒKƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒXˆÈ‘O‚ɁA‚Ç‚±‚©‚Ƀ[ƒJƒ‹‚ȏî•ñ‚ª‚ ‚èA‚»‚ê‚ðŠî‚É–{‚ð‘‚¢‚½‚Ɛ„’肳‚ê‚éB



2
AF1997”N3ŒŽ@ŽOŠ}‘–[”­s@ŽRè’q‰Ã’˜u“dŽ¥”g‚ª‚í‚©‚é–{v‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B
’Ç‹L:2013-2-13@@XVF2013-2-16

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
uŠwZ‹ß‚­‚Ì‘—“d“S“ƒ‚Í“P‹ŽEˆÚ“]AZ‹‹ß‚­‚Ì‘—“dü‚Í–„Ý‚¹‚æv‚ÆŒµ‚µ‚¢ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“

“dŽ¥”g‚Ì‹­‚³‚Æ”’ŒŒ•a”­¶—¦‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ðŽw“E‚µA¢ŠE‚ɏՌ‚‚ð—^‚¦‚½uƒJƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJŒ¤‹†Š•ñv‚Ì–{‰Æ–{Œ³‚Å‚ ‚éƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł́A“dŽ¥”g‹K§‚Ì–@§‰»‚ªŒŸ“¢‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
VDT
‚ɂ‚¢‚ẮAChapter A‚É‹L‚µ‚½‚悤‚ɐ¢ŠE‚Ì•W€‚Æ‚à‚È‚é‹K§‚ª‚·‚łɍs‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

‘—“dü‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮANUTEKiŽY‹Æ‹ZpŠJ”­‘‰Æ•]‹c‰ïj‚ªŒŸ“¢‚ðs‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
94
”N1ŒŽ‚ɂ́u2ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒXA5ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒXA10ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒXv‚Ì3’iŠK‚Ì‹K§ˆÄ‚ª’ño‚³‚ꂽ‚ªA”½‘΂ª‚ ‚邽‚ßÌ‘ð‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
‚½‚¾‚µA­•{‚©‚ç‚ÌŠ©‚Æ‚µ‚Ă͏o‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚̂ŁA¬ŠwZA—c’t‰€‚È‚Ç‚Ì‚»‚΂̑—“d“S“ƒ‚Ì“P‹Ž‚âˆÚ“]AZ‹‚Ì‹ß‚­‚Ì‘—“dü‚Ì’n‰º–„Ý‚Ȃǂ́AŽÀÛ‚ɍs‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

‚È‚¨AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚̍ŐVî•ñ‚ªŒöŠJ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éƒz[ƒ€ƒy[ƒW‚ÍŽŸ‚Ì‚Æ‚¨‚è
iFEB The Swedish Association for the Electrically and VDT injuredjB
ƒAƒhƒŒƒX:http://www.feb.se/
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

’˜ŽÒ‚É–â‚¢‡‚킹‚Ä‚Ý‚½B
ŽRèŽ‚æ‚è‚̃[ƒ‹‚ł́AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì1ŽŸŽ‘—¿‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
uŽRè’q‰Ã‚Å‚·B
‚¨–â‚¢‡‚킹‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‘΍ô‚́Ao”Å“–ŽžA•ñ“¹‚È‚Ç‚Å“`‚¦‚ç‚ꂽ‚±‚Æ‚ðŒ³‚É‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B
‚u‚g‚r‚̃rƒfƒI‚Å‹L˜^‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Æ‹L‰¯‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·‚ªAŒ»ÝAŽèŒ³‚É‚ ‚è‚Ü‚¹‚ñBv@@‚Æ‚ ‚éB


2B
Dƒuƒ[ƒ_[’˜uŽ€‚Ì“d—¬v‚̊ďCŽÒ‰ðà1999”N‚©‚ç

Œ´–{‚Ì”­s‚Í1989”N
‰¬–ìW–çŠÄCE”¼’J®Žq–óuŽ€‚Ì“d—¬v—Ε—o”Å1999”N‚É”­s‚©‚ç

P377
‚ɂ́AŠÄCŽÒ‚É‚æ‚é‰ðà‚Æ‚µ‚āA‰¬–ìW–炪AˆÈ‰º‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏󋵂ð‹Lq‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
1992
”NA‘åŠw‰@¶‚Å‚ ‚éƒtƒFƒCƒ`ƒ“ƒOŽ‚ƃA[ƒ‹ƒ|ƒ€”ŽŽm‚Ƃ̘A–¼‚Å”­•\‚³‚ꂽƒJƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJ•ñ‚É“ú–{‚ðœ‚­¢ŠE’†‚ª‹Á‚«‚Ü‚µ‚½B
2mG
ˆÈã‚̔픘‚ŏ¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚Ì‘‰Á—¦‚ª2.7”{A3mGˆÈã‚Å‚Í3.8”{‚Æ‚¢‚¤“Œv“I‚É‚à—LˆÓ‚ÈŒ‹‰Ê‚¾‚Á‚½‚©‚ç‚Å‚·B
•Às‚µ‚ÄŒ¤‹†‚ªi‚ß‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½A”픘EE‹Æl‚ð‘ΏۂƂµ‚½ƒuƒ‹ƒfƒŠƒ†[ƒX•ñ‚àuƒKƒ“‚Ì‘‰Áv‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Ì‚Å‚·B
“ñ‚‚̕ñ‚ðŽó‚¯‚āA­•{‚Í‚·‚®‚ɑΉž‚ðŽn‚ß‚Ü‚µ‚½B
1993”N‚©‚ç‚́Au“dŽ¥”g‚ª¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚ÌŒ´ˆö‚Æ‚È‚é‰Â”\«‚ ‚èv‚Æ‚µ‚āAZ‘î–§W’n‚â—c’t‰€‚È‚Ç‚©‚ç‚Ì‘—“dü‚Ì“P‹Ž‚È‚Ç‚ðŠJŽn‚µ‚½‚Ì‚Å‚·B
‹ï‘Ì“I‚È‹K§”’l‚ðŒˆ‚ß‚é‚Ù‚Ç‚ÌŠmŽÀ«‚Í‚Ü‚¾“¾‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚Í‚¢‚È‚¢‚ªAŽq‹Ÿ‚ÌŒ’N‚ðŽç‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤—§ê‚©‚ç‚́u•®d‚È‚é‰ñ”ðv­ô‚ÌŽÀŽ{‚Å‚µ‚½B
1995
”N‚ɂ́A‚»‚̐­ô‚𐭕{‚̐³Ž®‚Ȑ­ô‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŒˆ’肵‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B
––––––––––––––––––––



3
D2003”N@‘o—tŽÐ@‘D£r‰î’˜u“dŽ¥”g”픚@ƒP[ƒ^ƒCE‰Æ“d‚ªŠë‚È‚¢v

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

 

 

4D2003”N@ƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒY@A“c•’q’˜uŠë‚È‚¢“dŽ¥”g‚©‚çg‚ðŽç‚é–{v

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

 

 

5D2004”N—Ε—o”Ł@‰Á“¡‚â‚·‚±’˜u“dŽ¥”gE‰»Šw•¨Ž¿‰ß•qÇ‘΍ôv

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B



5A
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‹LG2013|4|26

 

ˆÈ‰º‚̏‘Ð‚É‚à“¯—l‚È‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚ªAŒ´“T‚Ì•\‹L‚Í–³‚¢B

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FŒöŠQ‚Í‚È‚ºŽ~‚ß‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚Ì‚©H—\–hŒ´‘¥‚Ì“K—p‚ð‹‚ß‚Ä

2005”N6ŒŽ11“ú@‘æ1ü”­s

•ÒE’˜ŽÒ@—[ƒCƒIƒLƒVƒ“EŠÂ‹«ƒzƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“‘΍ô‘–¯‰ï‹c—\–hŒ´‘¥ƒvƒƒWƒFƒNƒg

”­@@s@ƒ_ƒCƒIƒLƒVƒ“EŠÂ‹«ƒzƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“‘΍ô‘–¯‰ï‹c

 

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1993”N‚ɂ́AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̃JƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJŒ¤‹†Š‚É‚æ‚é‰uŠw’²¸‚ŁA‘Û“I‚ȈÀ‘SƒKƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“1C000mG‚Ì1^500‚É‘Š“–‚·‚é2mG‚Å‚à¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚ªã‚ª‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ñ‚ª‚³‚ê‚Ü‚µ‚½B

‚±‚ê‚ðŽó‚¯‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚Í1995”N‚ɁA—\–h“I‚ÉŠwZ‚â—c’t‰€‚È‚ÇŽq‚Ç‚à‚ªW‚Ü‚éêŠ‚Ì‹ß‚­‚É‚Í‘—“dü‚ðŒšÝ‚µ‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤­ô‚ðŒˆ’è‚µ‚Ü‚µ‚½B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––


6D2007”N5ŒŽ@—Ε—o”Ł@‰¬–ìW–ç’˜uŒ’N‚ð‹º‚©‚·“dŽ¥”gv

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

P255‚É
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‚Ü‚½AZ‘î–§W’n‹ß‚­‚Ì‘—“dü‚à“P‹Ž‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B
‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚©‚ç240mˆÈ“à‚̉Ƃ̌šÝ‚Í”F‚ß‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚Æ‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚Å‚·Bv
‚Æ‚ ‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

1996”N‚̏¬ŽR’˜‚Æ•¶Í‚ª‹É‚ß‚Ä—ÞŽ—‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éA‹¤’ʂ̃lƒ^‚ª‚Ç‚±‚©‚É—L‚é‚Ɛ„’è‰Â”\‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

 

7D2008”N4ŒŽ‚̉¬–ìW–ç‚̍u‰‰ƒŒƒWƒ

 

“dŽ¥”g‚©‚猒N‚ðŽç‚é•S–œl–¼˜A—‰ï‹cŽåÃ‚Å2008”N4ŒŽ‚ÉŠJÃ‚µA320–¼‚ªŽQ‰Á‚µ‚½•W‹LƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚É‚¨‚¯‚é•ñAŽ¿‹^‰ž“š‚Ì“à—eA‚¨‚æ‚ÑŠÖ˜AŽ‘—¿‚Å‚·B

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

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1993
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1993
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‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚́A‚ ‚­‚Ü‚Å‚àŒv‰æ‚ª‚ ‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‹LŽ–‚Å‚ ‚éB
1996
”N4ŒŽ‚̃\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‹c‰ï‚ōŏIŒ‹‰Ê‚ª‰º‚èAŽÀÛ‚É‘—“dü‚Ì’n‰º–„Ý‚ªs‚í‚ꂽ‚©‚́A‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚Å‚Í•sÚ‚Å‚ ‚éB


10A
j1996”N3ŒŽ27“ú@‚s‚u“Œ‹ž‚́uƒ[ƒ‹ƒhƒTƒeƒ‰ƒCƒgv”Ô‘g‚Ì’†‚Å•ñ“¹‚³‚ꂽ“dŽ¥”g

‚±‚̔ԑg‚Ì’†‚ŁAuƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł́A‰uŠwŒ¤‹†‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚ðŽó‚¯‚āAƒ\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‚ł́A“d—͉ïŽÐ‚Æ‹¦—Í‚µ‚āA‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚Ì’n’†‰»‚ðŒv‰æ’†v‚Æ‚¢‚¤à–¾‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½



1996
”N‚Ì’iŠK‚ŁuŒv‰æ’†v‚Æ‚¢‚¤î•ñ‚Å‚ ‚éB
‚±‚̏î•ñ‚àAƒeƒŒƒr“Œ‹ž‚ªƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å’¼ÚŽæÞ‚µ‚½‚Ì‚©”Û‚©‚Í•sÚB

‚±‚̃eƒŒƒr‚Å‚Ì•ú‰f‚́A10j‚̏oˆäŽ‚ÌŽæÞ‚ðŒ³‚É‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B



10B
j1996”N7ŒŽNTV‚ŃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ“¹‚ªs‚í‚ꂽB

BEMSJ
‚Í‚±‚̔ԑg‚ðŒ©‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚¹‚ñ‚µA•ú‘—“à—e‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚à‚ ‚è‚Ü‚¹‚ñB
ˆÈ‰º‚́AŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä“üŽè‚µ‚½1996”N8ŒŽ20“ú“–Žž‚̌l‚̃ƒ‚‚Å‚·B

––––––––––––––––––
7
ŒŽ4“ú‚̃tƒ@ƒbƒNƒX‚Å‚¨’m‚点‚¢‚½‚¾‚¢‚½NTVwƒhƒLƒ…ƒƒ“ƒg@96xi7ŒŽ21“ú•ú‰fj‚ðƒƒ‚‚Á‚Ä‚¨‚«‚È‚ª‚çAƒEƒbƒJƒŠ‚µ‚ÄŒ©‰ß‚²‚µ‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚¢‚Ü‚µ‚½‚ªAð“úAƒrƒfƒI‚Å”qŒ©’v‚µ‚Ü‚µ‚½B

u2ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒXˆÈã‚̏Š‚É‚ ‚éŽ{Ý‚ð2000”N‚܂łɈړ]‚³‚¹‚év‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€ŠÂ‹«‹Ç‚ÌŽp¨Auƒ\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‚Å‚ÍŽs–¯‚Ì•sˆÀ‚ð‰ðÁ‚·‚邽‚ß‚É‘—“dü2Km‚ð’n‰º40m‚É’n’†‰»‚µA‚»‚Ì”ï—p13‰­‰~‚Ì‚¤‚¿6Š„‚ðŽs‚ªA4Š„‚ðƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€“d—Í‚ª•‰’S‚·‚év‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜bA

‚±‚ê‚ç‚Í‚¢‚¸‚ê‚àA1992”N‚̃JƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJŒ¤‹†Š‚Ì•ñ‚𓥂܂¦‚Ă̍s“®‚Å‚ ‚é‚̂ɑ΂µA‚킪‘‚ł͊֐¼“d—Í‚ªu1987”N‚ÉŒö•\‚³‚êWHO‚ÌŠ©‚ɉˆ‚Á‚āA50–œƒ{ƒ‹ƒg‚Ì‘—“dü‚ÌŒšÝ‚Í–â‘è‚È‚µv‚Æ‚µ‚āAŒšÝŒv‰æ‚ði‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚é‚̂Ƃ͍D‘ΏƂł·B

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10Cj‘O‹L10Bj‚ŏЉ‚½ƒeƒŒƒr‚̘^‰æ‚ðA2015”N4ŒŽ‚É‚È‚Á‚Ă݂邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚Ü‚µ‚½B
‹LG2015-4-27

NTV@1996”N7ŒŽ•ú‘—@ƒhƒLƒ…ƒƒ“ƒg@96@‚̃rƒfƒI‚æ‚è@ŠÖ˜A‚·‚é‰æ‘œ‚ðÐ‰î‚µ‚Ü‚·B

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ƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€Žs‚Ì‚Í‚¸‚ê‚É‚ ‚Á‚½ƒuƒŒ[ƒhƒGƒ“ƒO—c’t‰€‚́A‹­‚¢Ž¥ŠEŠÂ‹«‰º‚É‚ ‚é‚Æ‚µ‚āAƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€Žs‚Ì”»’f‚ŁA”p‰€‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½B
22
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ŽæÞŽž‚ÉˆÄ“à‚µ‚Ä‚à‚ç‚Á‚½B@Š_ª‚̏Š‚Å47ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚ ‚Á‚½B





 

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‚±‚Ì‘—“düŽü•Ó‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‚Í‚T|‚P‚Oƒ~ƒNƒƒeƒXƒ‰iBEMSJ’F³‚µ‚­‚́uƒ}ƒCƒNƒƒeƒXƒ‰v‚Å‚ ‚낤j‚Å‚ ‚éB

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•ÒW^”­sF‚k‚…‚Ž‚@‚k‚‰‚Ž‚„‚‚ˆ‚ŒiƒŒ[ƒiEƒŠƒ“ƒ_ƒ‹j@
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‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚É‚ ‚鍂ˆ³‘—“düˆÚÝŒv‰æ‚̏ꏊ‚Í’è‚©‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B
‚à‚µ‚©‚µ‚āAƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€ŽsxŠO‚̃\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚©‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éB
‚à‚µƒ\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁A1996”N‚Ì4ŒŽ‚Ƀ\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‹c‰ï‚ÅŒˆ’èEEEEE‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜b‚ªA‰„‚щ„‚Ñ‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚«‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B


10Ejƒ\ƒ‹ƒiŽs‚Ö‚Ì–â‚¢‡‚킹2013”N8ŒŽ

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12
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1
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‘æ3ÍFŠCŠO‚ł̃TƒCƒg‚Ȃǂł̏î•ñŒŸõAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“ˆÈŠOAMicro Wave NewsˆÈŠO

 

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1
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2
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‚µ‚©‚µ‚È‚ª‚çAƒRƒlƒ`ƒJƒbƒgB­•{‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌŒ¤‹†¬‰Ê‘S•¶‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚½‚ß‚©AEMF–\˜I‚©‚ç‚̉ñ”ð‚ɂ‚¢‚Ă͏Á‹É“I‚ŁAˆê•”‚̉ȊwŽÒ‚©‚ç”á”»‚ðŽó‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚éB

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3
jTimesŽ@1992”N10ŒŽ26“ú†‚Ì‹LŽ–

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‚»‚Ì‘æˆê•ñ‚́AƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€‚̃JƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒNŒ¤‹†Š‚̉uŠwŽÒMaria Feychting‚ÆAnder Ahlbon‚É‚æ‚èAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‘“à‚̍‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚©‚ç300mˆÈ“à‚ɏZ‚ސlX50–œl‚ð1960”N‚©‚ç1985”N‚É‚©‚¯‚Ä’²¸‚µ‚½‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB

‘æ“ñ•ñ‚́A‘—§E‹ÆŒ’NŒ¤‹†Š‚ÌBirgitta Floderus‚É‚æ‚é‚à‚̂ŁAŽdŽ–ã“dŽ¥ê‚É”˜‚³‚ê‚éì‹Æˆõ‚Ì“dŽ¥ê”˜˜I—Ê‚Æ”’ŒŒ•a—¦‚É’…–Ú‚µ‚½B
‘“à‚Ì1632l‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½Œ‹‰ÊA‚»‚Ì‚¤‚¿511l‚ª”’ŒŒ•a‚ ‚é‚¢‚Í”]Žîᇂɂ©‚©‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚½B
”’ŒŒ•aŠ³ŽÒ‚ÌŠ„‡‚Í–¾‚ç‚©‚Ɉê”ʐl‚æ‚葽‚­A‚»‚Ì——Rˆê‚Í‹Æ–±ã“dŽ¥ê‚É”˜‚³‚ꂽ‚±‚Æ‚ªŒ´ˆö‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ‹˜_‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚éB


ˆÈã‚Ì‹}•ñ‚ð‚¤‚¯‚ăXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚͐V‚½‚È‹K§‚ª•K—v‚©‚Ç‚¤‚©ŒŸ“¢‚ðŽn‚ß‚½B
’²¸”Ç‚ÍŠwZ‚ƕۈ珊‚ª‘—“dü‚É‹ß‚­‚É‚Ç‚Ì’ö“xW’†‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©A’²¸‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚ê‚ç‚Ì‹LŽ–‚́AˆÈ‰º‚É‹L‚µ‚½MWN‚̏î•ñ‚Æ—ÞŽ—‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚à‚µ‚©‚µ‚āAã‹L‚Ì‹LŽ–‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚©‚ç’¼Ú“ü‚Á‚½î•ñ‚Å‚Í‚È‚­AMWN‚ªî•ñŒ¹‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

1‚`DPowerWatch UK‚̃TƒCƒg‚É‚ ‚Á‚½î•ñ‚©‚ç

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––

Power frequency EMF Summary up to 2000

2000”N‚Ü‚Å‚Ì’áŽü”g“dŽ¥ŠE‚Ì“®Œü‚Ì“Z‚ß

Sweden's National Electrical Safety Board (NESB) findings in 1993 and the 1999 NIEHS recommendations reinforce the precautionary principles outlined by five Swedish authorities in their 1996 pamphlet called: "Low-frequency Electrical and Magnetic Fields: The Precautionary Principle for National Authorities - Guidance for decision makers" [7].

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì5È’¡‚ª—\–hŒ´‘¥‚̃KƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒX‚ð1996”N‚É”­s‚µ‚½B

 

The Swedish National Authorities recommend the following precautionary principle:
"If measures generally reducing exposure can be taken at reasonable expense and with reasonable consequences in all other respects, an effort should be made to reduce fields radically deviating from what could be deemed normal in the environment concerned.
Where new electrical installations and buildings are concerned, efforts should be made already at the planning stage to design and position them in such a way that exposure is limited.
The overriding purpose of the precautionary principle is eventually to reduce exposure to magnetic fields in our surroundings, so as to reduce the risk of injury to human beings."

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ªs‚¤—\–hŒ´‘¥‚́Ai”’l‚É‚æ‚éŒÀ“x’l‚̐ݒè‚Í–³‚­Aj‡—“I‚È”ï—p‚ŁA‡—“I‚Ȑ¬‰Ê‚𓾂é‚ׂ­Aˆê”Ê“I‚¾‚Æ”F‚ß‚ç‚ê‚郌ƒxƒ‹‚Ì’á“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Ì•ûô‚ðs‚¤B@‚Æ‚¢‚¤ŽïŽ|‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

They go on to look at what could be deemed to be normal magnetic field levels.
The median values for homes and day nurseries is given as 100nT (0.1 µT) in major towns and cities, and below 50nT in smaller towns and rural areas.

ˆê’[“I‚ÈŽ¥ŠE‹­“x‚Ì•½‹Ïi’†‰›’lj’l‚́A‰Æ‰®‚âƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚ł́AŽå—v‚È“sŽs‚Å‚Í0.1ƒÊTA’¬‚⑺—Ž’nˆæ‚Å‚Í0.05ƒÊT‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

They reiterated the policy that new schools, day-care centers and play groups should not be located in areas where ambient power-frequency magnetic fields are above 200nanoTesla (0.2microTesla).

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł͐V‹K‚ÌŠwZAƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚âZ’ë‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ª–ñ0.2ƒÊT‚ð’´‚¦‚éêŠ‚ɂ͐ݒu‚µ‚Ä‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ûj‚ªŒJ‚è•Ô‚³‚ê‚Ä‚«‚½B

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‚Æ‚¢‚¤î•ñ‚ª‘‚«ž‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

PoweerWatch‚ł́u1996”N‚ɃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚Í5È’¡‚̃KƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒX‚ªo‚½‚±‚Æ‚ðq‚ׁvA‚Ü‚½. uƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł͐V‹K‚ÌŠwZAƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚âZ’ë‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ª–ñ0.2ƒÊT‚ð’´‚¦‚éêŠ‚ɂ͐ݒu‚µ‚Ä‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ûj‚ªŒJ‚è•Ô‚³‚ê‚Ä‚«‚½Bv‚ƉߋŽ‚Ì‹K§‚Ìó‹µ‚ð‚»‚Ì‚Ü‚Ü‹Lq‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚悤‚É‚à“Ç‚ÝŽæ‚ê‚éB

 

‚µ‚©‚µAuƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł͐V‹K‚ÌŠwZAƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚âZ’ë‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ª–ñ0.2ƒÊT‚ð’´‚¦‚éêŠ‚ɂ͐ݒu‚µ‚Ä‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ûj‚ªŒJ‚è•Ô‚³‚ê‚Ä‚«‚½Bv‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚©‚çAŒ»Ý‚à‚±‚Ì•ûj‚ª—LŒø‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æà–¾‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©‚̂悤‚É‚àŽó‚¯Žæ‚ç‚ê‚éB
‚±‚̉ðà‚ðì¬‚µ‚½“úŽž‚̓TƒCƒg‚É‚Í‹LÚ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚ªA2000”NˆÈ~‚ÌŽ·•M‚Å‚ ‚낤B

 

uŒJ‚è•Ô‚³‚ê‚Ä‚«‚½v‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁A‚¢‚A‚¾‚ꂪA‚ǂ̂悤‚È–@‹K§‚⊯’¡‚̐º–¾‚È‚Ç‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚Ì‚©A–¾Šm‚ÈŽ‘—¿‚ª‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚µ‚©‚é‚ׂ«‚Å‚ ‚éB
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PowerWatch
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uƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌMicro Wave News‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚ª‚ ‚év‚Æ‹³‚¦‚Ä‚­‚ꂽB

 

PowerWatch‚̏î•ñ‚́A“ú–{‚Ì“dŽ¥”gŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚鎷•MŽÒ“™‚̏î•ñŒ¹‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚é‚̂ŁA2000”NˆÈ~‚Ì“ú–{‚Ì’˜ì‚âƒTƒCƒg‚̏î•ñŒ¹‚Æ‚µ‚āA‚±‚ÌPowerWatch‚̉ðà‚́uƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł͐V‹K‚ÌŠwZAƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚âZ’ë‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ª–ñ0.2ƒÊT‚ð’´‚¦‚éêŠ‚ɂ͐ݒu‚µ‚Ä‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢v‚Æ‚¢‚¤•”•ª‚¾‚¯‚ª”²‚«Žæ‚ç‚ê‚āA—˜—p‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

 

2DƒJƒiƒ_‚Ì‘—“dü‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éÙ”»‚̈ӌ©‘‚É‚ ‚Á‚½ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏î•ñF2005”N

 

•¶‘‚Íhttp://www.elc.uvic.ca/projects/2005-01/PowerLineEMFExposure.pdf @‚É‚ ‚Á‚½B

 

uRegulating Power Line EMF Exposure:International Precedents

Prepared by Nadine Wu

Clinical Student, Environmental Law Clinic, Faculty of Law, University of Victoria

For Tsawwassen Residents Against Higher Voltage Overhead Lines (TRAHVOL)

April 22, 2005 v

 

‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚̍ٔ»‚Ö‚Ì’ñoŽ‘—¿‚Æ‚µ‚āAƒJƒiƒ_‚Ì–@Šw•”‚ÌŠw¶‚ªA“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚Æ‚è‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚½•ñ‘‚Å‚ ‚éB

—lX‚ȃCƒ“ƒ^[ƒlƒbƒgã‚̏î•ñ‚ðŽûW‚µA‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚½‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éB
‚µ‚½‚ª‚Á‚āA1ŽŸŽ‘—¿‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B
‚±‚Ì’†‚ɁAˆÈ‰º‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ‚ª‚ ‚éB15A16A17‚͈ø—pæ‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Sweden:
In 1992 the Department of Electrical Safety of the National Board for Industrial and Technical Development stated that Sweden
would soon set exposure standards for new homes near power lines, and for all new electrical facilities, and that these standards might require average annual exposures to be in the neighborhood of 2 mG.
1992
”N‚ɃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌNESBi“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡j‚́A‹ßX‚ɁA‘—“dü‚ɋߐڂ·‚éVÝ‚̏Z‹‚ƐVÝ‚Ì“d—͐ݔõ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é“dŽ¥”g”˜˜I‹K’è‚ðÝ’è‚·‚é—\’è‚ŁA‚»‚Ì‹K’è’l‚Í”N•½‹ÏŽ¥ŠE”˜˜IŒÀ“x’l‚Æ‚µ‚Ä2mG‹ß–T‚É‚È‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

This came after an announcement by the National Board for Industrial and Technical Development that they intended to henceforth gact on the assumption that there is a connection between exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and cancer, in particular childhood cancer.h
In addition, Swedish regulators have declared that they will propose a ban on the construction of houses within 330 feet of high-voltage lines. (This ban is now in effect.)  i15j
‰Á‚¦‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì‹K§“–‹Ç‚́A‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚©‚ç330ƒtƒB[ƒgi’F–ñ100‚jˆÈ“à‚ɏZ‹‚ÌŒšÝ‚ð‹ÖŽ~‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ð’ñˆÄ‚·‚é‚ƁAŒ¾–¾‚µ‚½B
‚±‚Ì‹ÖŽ~‚ÍŒ»Ý‚à—LŒø‚Å‚ ‚éBˆø—pŒ³F15

On September 30, 1992, officials of Sweden's National Board for Industrial and Technical Development formally announced that they intended henceforth to "act on the assumption that there is a connection between exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and cancer, in particular childhood cancer." Sweden became the first country to adopt, from a scientific viewpoint, the principle of prudent avoidance and prohibits high voltage power-lines near schools, residential areas, hospitals and daycare centers.

 

In 1998, Swedenfs Environmental Code (1998:808) contained a provision which adopted a general precautionary principle with regard to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. i16j 

An advisory limit of 0.2ƒÊT was introduced.  i17j

1998”NƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Í“d—£•úŽËüE”ñ“d—£•úŽËü‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éˆê”Ê“I‚È—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ðŠÜ‚ފ‹«‹K’è‚ðÌ—p‚µ‚½Bˆø—pŒ³F16

Š©’l‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŒÀ“x’l0.2ƒÊT‚ª“±“ü‚³‚ꂽB@ˆø—pŒ³G17

––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚Æ‚ ‚éB

 

ˆø—pŒ³15‚Æ‚ ‚éî•ñŒ¹‚́AˆÈ‰º‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚ ‚éB

15@Power Line Task Force, gWorld EMF Strugglesh, online: Power Line Task Force

<www.powerlinefacts.com/power%20line%20resistence%20worldwide.htm>. (gPLTFh)

 

‚±‚̈ӌ©‘‚ÌŒ³ƒlƒ^‚ÍPower Line Task Force‚Æ‚¢‚¤Žs–¯‰^“®‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚ ‚邪A‚à‚¤•Â½‚³‚ꂽ‚炵‚­A2013”N1ŒŽ‚ÌŽž“_‚Å‚ÍŠJ‚¯‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

http://www.Powerlinefacts.com/@‚Æ‚¢‚¤Top•Å‚àŠJ‚­‚±‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B 

 

‚±‚̃TƒCƒg‚͈ȉº‚̂悤‚É“ú–{‚Ì“dŽ¥”gŠÖ˜A‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚àÐ‰î‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Power Line Task ForceuPower Line Health Factsv

“dŽ¥”g‚É‚æ‚él‘̂ւ̉e‹¿‚Ì•ñ“¹‚ƁA“d—ÍŽ{Ý‚ÌŒšÝ‚É’ñŒ¾‚ðs‚¤•Ä‘‚Ì’c‘́uPower Line Task Forcev‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚·B
uEMFv‚̃R[ƒi[‚ɂ́A2000”NˆÈ~‚É”­•\‚³‚ꂽ“dŽ¥”gŒ¤‹†‚Ì’mŒ©‚ƍŐVî•ñ‚ðŒfÚ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

u1992”N‚ÉNESB‚Í2mG‚Å‚Ì‹K§‚ðs‚¤—\’èv‚Æ‚¢‚¤‹Lq‚͐³‚µ‚¢B—\’è‚Å‚ ‚Á‚āAŒ‹‰Ê‚Í‚»‚¤‚È‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

 

15‚̈ø—pæ‚©‚ç‚Ì“]‹L‚Łu‘—“dü‚©‚ç330ƒtƒB[ƒgˆÈ“à‚ɏZ‹ŒšÝ‚ð‹ÖŽ~‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ð’ñˆÄ‚·‚é—\’èv‚Æ‹Lq‚µA‚»‚ÌŒã‚Ɂu‚±‚Ì‹ÖŽ~‚ÍŒ»Ý—LŒø‚Å‚ ‚év‚Æ‹Lq‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB‚±‚Ì‹Lq‚̈ø—pŒ³‚̓TƒCƒg‚ª•Â½‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¨‚èAŠJ‚¯‚È‚¢BŠm”F‚à‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B‚±‚êˆÈãAŒ³ƒlƒ^‚É‘k‹y‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B

 

u***mv‚Æ‹——£‚ð‹ï‘Ì“I‚Ȑ”’l‚Å–¾Ž¦‚µ‚ÄŒšÝ‚Ì‹ÖŽ~‚ÉŒ¾‹y‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚̂́A‰¬–ìW–ç‚Ì–{‚ƁA‚±‚̃Jƒiƒ_‚Ì•ñ‘‚¾‚¯‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

ŠÖ˜A‚µ‚»‚¤‚ȃL[ƒ[ƒh‚Ńlƒbƒg‚ðŒŸõ‚µ‚½‚ªA‚±‚êˆÈã‚̏î•ñ‚ÍŒ©‚‚©‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

 

uŠ©’l‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŒÀ“x’l0.2ƒÊT‚ª“±“ü‚³‚ꂽBˆø—pŒ³F17v‚ÍHenshaw‚Ì‹Lq‚ªŠî‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

HenshawŽ‚ªƒCƒMƒŠƒX‚ÌNRPB‚É’ño‚µ‚½‹KŠi‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒRƒƒ“ƒg‚ªˆø—pŒ³G17‚Ì•¶‘‚Å‚ ‚éB

‚±‚Ì17‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮAƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½‚̂ŁAŽŸ€‚ʼnðà‚·‚éB

 

 

3DHenshowŽ‚́uNRPB‚Ö‚Ì’ñˆÄ•¶‘v

 

17‚̈ø—pŒ³‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½•¶‘‚́A

http://www.electric-fields.bris.ac.uk/dlhcomments.pdf ‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŒöŠJ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½ƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ŁA

uNRPB Consultation Document

Issued 1 May 2003

Proposals for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (0 300 GHz)

Comments from Professor Denis L Henshawv‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

‚±‚̃Rƒƒ“ƒg‚Ì’†‚ɁAˆÈ‰º‚Ì’Z‚¢•¶Í‚ŁA

uThus, in 1998, Sweden introduced an advisory limit of 0.2ƒÊT. Similarly, in 1999, Switzerland introduced a regulatory 1ƒÊT limit.v‚Æ‚ ‚éB

u1998”NAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ª0.2ƒÊT‚ðŠ©’l‚Æ‚µ‚½v‚Æ‚ ‚éB

‚±‚̏î•ñ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì1ŽŸî•ñ‚𓾂邽‚߂ɁAƒƒ‹ƒAƒh‚ð’T‚µo‚µ‚Ä’¼ÚHenshawŽ‚Ƀ[ƒ‹‚ðo‚µ‚½B

 

HenshowŽ‚©‚ç•ÔM‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B

u‘ސEŽž‚ɏ‘—Þ‚ðˆ•ª‚µ‚½‚̂ŁA¡‚͎茳‚É‚È‚¢BƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì•úŽËü‹K§ŠÖŒWŽÒ‚ÌSSI‚ÌŠÖŒWŽÒ‚ªŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢‚ƁBv‚Æ‚¢‚¤“à—e‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

 

‚»‚±‚ŃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌSSI‚É’¼Úƒ[ƒ‹‚ð‚¾‚µ‚½B
u‚±‚Ì1998”N‚ÌŽ‘—¿‚ª—~‚µ‚¢v‚ƁBSSI‚©‚ç‚̕ԐM‚ª‚ ‚èAu‚»‚¤‚µ‚½Ž‘—¿‚Í‚È‚¢v@‚ƁB

 

‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚ƂŁA2003”N ‚É‚ÍHenshowŽ‚̎茳‚ɁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì1ŽŸŽ‘—¿‚Í‚ ‚Á‚½‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢‚ªAŒ»Ý‚ł̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“–{‘‚É–â‚¢‡‚킹‚Ä‚àA“üŽè‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B

‚±‚±‚Å‚àAŒ³ƒlƒ^‚Ì’T‹‚̃‹[ƒg‚Í‚±‚ê‚Å“rØ‚ꂽB

 

Œ»ÝAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ł́A‘ƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Ì–@‹K§‚Æ‚µ‚Ắu0.2ƒÊT‚Ì‹K§’lv‚͍̗p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚̂ŁAHenshowŽ‚̎茳‚É‚ ‚Á‚½1ŽŸŽ‘—¿‚ªo‚Ä‚±‚È‚¢ŒÀ‚èA‚±‚́u1998”NAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ª0.2ƒÊT‚ðŠ©’l‚Æ‚µ‚½v‚Æ‚¢‚¤î•ñ‚àA‰L“Û‚Ý‚É‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B

’F’Ç‹L@‚Q‚O‚P‚S|‚P‚Q|‚Q‚T
‚±‚ÌŒ‚ɂ‚¢‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì‚s‚‚‡‚…‚Ž‚†‚…‚Œ‚„‚”Ž‚É–â‚¢‡‚킹‚½‚ªAŠm”F‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B


4DƒUƒ‹ƒcƒuƒ‹ƒO‚̃I[ƒo[ƒtƒFƒ‹ƒh‚Ì2008”Nu‰‰ƒŒƒWƒ‚©‚ç

ˆÈ‰º‚̍u‰‰ƒŒƒWƒ‚ªŒöŠJ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½B
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
The Precautionary Approach to Exposure Levels in Different Countries EMF & Health
A Global Issue London, 8th & 9th September 2008
Gerd Oberfeld
MD Public Health Department, Government of Salzburg
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

ƒI[ƒo[ƒtƒFƒ‹ƒh‚̓Uƒ‹ƒcƒuƒ‹ƒO‚ÌŒµ‚µ‚¢“dŽ¥”g‹K’è‚̐„iŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚éB
‚±‚̃ŒƒWƒ‚ł́AŠe‘‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ÌŽÀ‘Ô‚ªÐ‰î‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éAƒXƒCƒXAƒCƒ^ƒŠƒAAƒŠƒqƒeƒ“ƒVƒ…ƒ^ƒCƒ“‚»‚µ‚āA’nŒ³‚̃Uƒ‹ƒcƒuƒ‹ƒO‚Å‚ ‚éB

‚µ‚©‚µAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÍŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å2mGEEEE‚ÆŒ¾‚Á‚½‹K’è‚â‘—“dü‚̈ړ]‚È‚Ç‚ªs‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁AƒI[ƒo[ƒtƒFƒ‹ƒh‚Í‚»‚¤‚µ‚½‚±‚Æ‚àƒŒƒWƒ‚ÉŠÜ‚ñ‚Å‚¢‚é‚Í‚¸‚Å‚ ‚éB
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5
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http://www.getpurepower.ca/resources/EMFs_schools_playgrounds.pdf
@‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“à—e
ƒTƒCƒg‚ÌŽïŽ|Ggetpurepower.ca and Pure Power Solutions informs the Canadian public about the hazards of Dirty Electricity and the benefits of a clean electrical environment.

‚±‚Ì’†‚ŁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä
–––––––––––––––––––
Early in 1990 The Swedish National Energy Administration (NEA) advised that new schools, day-care centres and playgrounds not be located near power lines, "pending further research." Jack Nou, the head of the NEA's department of electrical safety, recommended that magnetic fields in those areas not exceed 2-3 mG, the threshold for increased childhood cancer risks indicated by the Wertheimer-Leeper and Savitz studies.
––––––––––––––––––––––@

1990
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ˆÀ‘S’¡‚̃`[ƒt‚ÌNouŽ‚Í‚»‚ê‚ç‚Ì’nˆæ‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‹­“x‚Í2-3mG‚ð’´‚¦‚È‚¢‚±‚Ƃ𐄏§‚µ‚½B
‚±‚Ì’l‚ÍWertheimer-Leeper ‚âSavitz‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÅŽ¦‚³‚ꂽ¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚ª‘‰Á‚µ‚½’l‚Å‚ ‚éB

’F‚±‚̏î•ñ‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì1994”N ‚̏î•ñ‚Å‚ ‚낤‚ªAƒJƒiƒ_‚Å‚Í2004”N‚ÌŽž“_‚Å‚àAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì‚»‚ÌŒã‚̏î•ñ‚ðŠm”F‚µ‚È‚¢‚ŁA‚»‚̂܂܁Au2004”N“–Žž‚à³‚µ‚¢ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌŒ»ó‚Å‚ ‚év‚Æ”FŽ¯‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚悤‚ÉŒ©‚¦‚éB

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ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌTagenfeldtŽ‚É–â‚¢‡‚킹‚½‚ªA‚±‚̏î•ñ‚ÍŠm”F‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

6
DƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚Ì“d—Í’¡‚Ì1996”N•ñ‘‚É‚ ‚Á‚½ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏ó‹µ
‹LF2013|2|24

Bonneville Power Administration@1996”N”­suElectrical and Biological Effects of Transmission Line: A Reviewv‚ɂ́AƒAƒƒŠƒJ‘“à‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE‹K§“®Œü‚ɉÁ‚¦‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏󋵂à•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––––
Sweden
To date, Sweden has not established national health-based numerical standards for transmission line EMF.
It appeared that Sweden would adopt such standards following research released by Feychting and Ahlbom (1992) that showed increased cancer risks in people living near Swedish transmission lines.
At that time the Swedish National Electrical Safety Board (SNESB) issued a statement saying that, "... the Board in the future will act on the assumption that there is a connection between exposure to power frequency magnetic fields from power lines and childhood cancer, when preparing regulation on electrical installations " (SNESB 1992).
The statement also said that the Board was initiating a review that could result in limits on magnetic fields in the range of 0.2-1.0 ƒÊT (2-10 mG).

¡“ú‚܂ŁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Í‘—“dü‚©‚ç‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚č‘‰ÆƒŒƒxƒ‹‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ðŠî‚É‚µ‚½”’l‚ðŠÜ‚ñ‚¾‹KŠi‚𐧒肵‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì‘—“dü‚Ì‹ß‚­‚ɏZ‚ސlX‚ÉŠà‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚ª‘‰Á‚·‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒtƒFƒCƒ`ƒ“ƒO‚ƃA[ƒ‹ƒ{ƒ€i1992”Nj‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä”­•\‚³‚ꂽŒ¤‹†‚ÉŠî‚«AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚Í‚»‚¤‚µ‚½‹KŠi‚ðÌ—p‚µ‚悤‚Æ‚µ‚½B‚»‚ÌŽžAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ““d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚͐º–¾‚ðo‚µ‚½B
‚»‚̐º–¾‚ɂ́A«—ˆA“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚́A“d‹CÝ”õ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é–@‹K§‚̏€”õ‚ª®‚Á‚½ŽžA‘—“dü‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚Ə¬Ž™Šà‚ÌŠÔ‚ÉŠÖŒW‚ª‚ ‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‰¼’è‚ɑ΂·‚é‘Ήž‚ðs‚¤‚‚à‚è‚Å‚ ‚éA‚Ü‚½AŒ‹‰Ê‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŽ¥ŠEƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Æ‚µ‚Ä2-10mG‚ɐ§ŒÀ‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒŒƒrƒ…[‚àŽn‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚éA‚Ə‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½B

In addition to the SNESB, other government agencies involved in decisions on EMF include the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health; National Board of Housing, Building and Planning, National Board of Health and Welfare; and the Radiation Protection Institute.
“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚ɉÁ‚¦‚āAE‹ÆˆÀ‘SŒ’N’¡EZ‘ÝŒv‰æ’¡EŒ’N•ÛŒ’’¡E•úŽËü–hŒì’¡‚ª“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÌŒˆ’è‚ÉŽQ‰æ‚µ‚½B

After a review, in 1994 these agencies concluded that, "...knowledge regarding how weak magnetic fields affect humans is currently insufficient to set limits.
Suspicion of a connection is however sufficient to recommend caution" (SNESB 1994).
1994
”N‚Ì‚±‚ê‚ç‚̏Ȓ¡‚É‚æ‚郌ƒrƒ…[‚ÌŒ‹‰ÊA‚Ç‚Ì’ö“x‚Ì”÷Žã‚³‚É‚·‚ê‚ΐl‚ÌŒ’N‚ð–h‚°‚é‚©‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錩Ž¯‚ªA§ŒÀ’l‚ðÝ’è‚·‚é‚ɂ́AŒ»Ý‚ł́A•s\•ª‚Å‚ ‚éB
ŠÖ˜A«‚Ì‹^‚¢‚Í’ˆÓ‚ðŠ«‹N‚·‚é‚ɂ͏\•ª‚Å‚ ‚éB

The Swedish agencies went on to conclude that the guidelines below should be followed if they can be implemented within reasonable costs:
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏Ȓ¡‚́A‡—“I‚È”ï—p‚Ì’†‚ŁA“K—p‚ª‰Â”\‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁AˆÈ‰º‚̃KƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚ð“K—p‚·‚邱‚ƂƁAŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚½B

EStrive to site power lines and electrical facilities in such a way that magnetic fields are reduced;
EAvoid building new homes, schools, daycare centers, etc. in close proximity to existing power lines which have significant magnetic fields, if alternative sites are available;
 
EStrive to limit significant fields in existing homes, schools and workplaces.
E‘—“dü‚Æ“d—͐ݔõ‚́A“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ª’ጸ‚·‚é‚悤‚ɁAÝ’u‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É“w—Í‚·‚éB
E•Ê‚̏ꏊ‚Í“üŽè‚Å‚«‚é‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁A’˜‚µ‚¢Ž¥ŠE‚Ì‚ ‚錻‘¶‚Ì‘—“dü‚É‹ß‚¢êŠ‚ɂ́AV‹K‚̏Z‘îEŠwZEƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^“™‚ÌŒšÝ‚Í”ð‚¯‚éB
EŒ»‘¶‚̏Z‹EŠwZEEê‚É‚¨‚¯‚é’˜‚µ‚¢Ž¥ŠE‚𐧌À‚·‚é“w—Í‚ð‚·‚éB

In a more recent publication for decision makers, the Swedish agencies responsible for EMF again rejected the need for limits or other compulsory restrictions on exposures to EMF
iSwedish Agencies 1996).
They also concluded
ChoweverCthat a certain amount of caution may be justified with regard to magnetic field exposuresD
‚²‚­Å‹ß‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽ­ôŒˆ’èŽÒ‚ւ̏o”Å•¨‚ɂ́AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ĐӔC‚ðŽ‚ÂÈ’¡‚́AÄ‚сA§ŒÀ’l‚â‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‹­§“I‚Ȑ§ŒÀ‚Ì•K—v«‚ðA”ے肵‚½i1996”NjB
”Þ‚ç‚́A‚µ‚©‚µAŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚ ‚é’ö“x‚Ì’ˆÓ‚Í‚à‚Á‚Æ‚à‚È‚±‚Æ‚Å‚ ‚é‚ƁAŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚½B

In 1993, the Swedish Trade Union Confederation adopted a program of action involving magnetic fields in the workplace.
A trade union goal was that workers' exposure does not exceed an average level of 0.2ƒÊT (2 mG), and that temporary exposures to high magnetic fields be minimized as much as possible.
1993
”N‚ɁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̘J“­‘g‡‚͐Eê‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎥ŠE‚ðŠÜ‚ލs“®Œv‰æ‚ð³”F‚µ‚½B
˜J“­‘g‡‚̃S[ƒ‹‚́AEê‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Í2mG‚ð’´‚¦‚È‚¢‚±‚ƁA‚»‚µ‚āA‚Ž¥ŠE‚ւ̈ꎞ“I‚È”˜˜I‚͉”\‚ÈŒÀ‚菭‚È‚­‚·‚邱‚ƁA‚Å‚ ‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––
‚±‚Ì•ñ‘‚Í1996”N‚ÌŠ§s‚Å‚ ‚èA‚»‚Ì“–Žž‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̏î•ñ‚ð\•ª‚É”cˆ¬‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‘z’è‚Å‚«‚é‚̂ŁA“à—e‚͐M—Š‚Å‚«‚é‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB

ˆø—pF1992 Revised assessment of magnetic fields and health hazard,  SNEB
ˆø—pF1994 Magnetic Field-uncertainly regarding health risks remains, national electrical safety boardfs Govermant Report 1994, with English Executive Summary.

‚±‚Ì“ñ‚‚à“üŽè‚Å‚«‚ê‚Ηǂ¢‚ªAŒ©‚‚©‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚Ö–ß‚é

---

 

‘æ4Í Micro Wave News‚̃oƒbƒNƒiƒ“ƒo[‚©‚ç

 

PowerWatch‚̏î•ñ‚ŁAƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌMicro Wave News‚𒲂ׂ邱‚Æ‚É‚µ‚½B

2003”N‚É”pŠ§‚É‚È‚Á‚½‚ªA‘S‚ẴoƒbƒNƒiƒ“ƒo[‚ªƒTƒCƒg‚ÉŒöŠJ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

ƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌMicro Wave NewsiMWNj‚É‚Í—lX‚È“dŽ¥”g‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚ª‹LÚ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚́AˆÈ‰º‚ÌMWN‚ÉŒ©‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚½B

 

1DMWN‚ÌSept/Oct 1992‚É‚Í

 

uOn September30, Sweden's National Board for Industrial and Technical Development, NUTEK, formally announced that from now on it "will act on the there is a between exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and cancer, in particular childhood cancer."v

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̍s­•{NUTEK‚͐³Ž®‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚ð•\–¾‚µ‚½u“d—ÍŽü”g”Ž¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÆŠà‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ɂ‚¢‚āA“Á‚ɏ¬Ž™Šà‚ɂ‚¢‚āA‘Ήžô‚ðu‚¸‚éBv

‚Æ‚ ‚éB

 

‚±‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚©‚çAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚Í1993”N‚É“dŽ¥”g‚Ì–hŒì‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āAŒŸ“¢ŠJŽn‚µ‚½‚±‚Æ‚ÍŠm‚©‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

 

2DMWN‚ÌMay/June 1993‚É‚Í

 

uBy the end of the year, Swedish officials will circulate a draft proposal for a national magnetic field exposure limit for new power lines and substations, according to Stefan Vilia of Sweden's newly formed National Electrical safety Board.

Villa said that the board is considering a standard of 2.5 or 10 mG and is analyzing the costs associated with meeting each of these levels.

If adopted, the standard would also apply to new residential buildings located next to existing power lines and substations.v


1993
”N––‚܂łɁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚͐V‘¢‚Ì‘—“dü‚Æ•Ï“dŠ‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜IŒÀ“x’l‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒhƒ‰ƒtƒg‹KŠi‚ðŠJŽ¦‚·‚é‚Å‚ ‚낤B

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̐V‚½‚É‘gD‚³‚ꂽ‘‰Æ“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡NESB‚ÌViliaŽ‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁AˆÀ‘S’¡‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Í2.5ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚©‚ç10ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚ÌŒÀ“x’l‚ðl‚¦‚Ä‚¨‚èA‚»‚ꂼ‚ê‚̊’l‚É‚µ‚½ê‡‚É•K—v‚Æ‚È‚éƒRƒXƒg‚ðŒŸ“¢‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

‚à‚µƒhƒ‰ƒtƒg‚ªÌ—p‚³‚ê‚ê‚΁AŠù‘¶‚Ì‘—“dü‚â•Ï“dŠ‚ɗאڂµ‚ĐV‹K‚ÉŒšÝ‚³‚ê‚éZ‹‚É‚à“K—p‚³‚ê‚éB

 

 

3DMWN‚ÌJan/Feb 1994‚É‚Í

 

uSwedenfs National Electrical Safety Board (NESB) has pushed back the timetable for action on EMF exposure limits.

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌNESB‚Í“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜IŠî€’l‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚és“®—\’è•\‚ð’x‚点‚½B

 

The board has released an interim report on possible health risks, but a full analysis of possible 2, 5 and 10 mG limits—and any proposed regulations—will not be issued until this spring, according to NESBfs Henric Nilsson in Stockholm.

ƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€‚ÌNESB‚ÌNilsson‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁AˆÀ‘S’¡‚ÍŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é’†ŠÔ•ñ‘‚𔭍s‚µ‚½‚ªA2.5‚â10mG‚ÆŒ¾‚¤ŒÀ“x’l‚â‹K‘¥‚Ì’ñˆÄ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚銮‘S‚ȉðÍ‚́A‚±‚̏t‚Ü‚Å‚É‚Í”­s‚³‚ê‚È‚¢‚Å‚ ‚낤A‚ƁB

 

The report, published late last year, supports earlier government positions that embrace prudent avoidance while further research is conducted.

ð”N––‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽ’†ŠÔ•ñ‚ł́A‚³‚ç‚Ȃ錤‹†‚ÌŒp‘±‚àŠÜ‚ñ‚Å‚¢‚½‚ªATd‚È‚é‰ñ”ðô‚ðŠÜ‚Þ“–‰‚̐­•{•ûj‚ðŽxŽ‚µ‚½B

 

In particular, the board reiterates the policy of the National Energy Administration that new schools, day-care centers and playgrounds should not be located where magnetic fields are above 2-3 mG. gNESB has not found any reason to reconsider this recommendation,h the report states.

“Á‚ɁAˆÀ‘S’¡‚͐V‹K‚ÌŠwZAƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^A—V‚яê‚Í2-3mGˆÈã‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚̏ꏊ‚ÉŒšÝ‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤‘‰ÆƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[’¡‚Ì•ûj‚ðŒJ‚è•Ô‚µq‚ׂĂ¢‚éBˆÀ‘S’¡‚Í‚±‚̐„§‚ƍčl‚·‚é”@‰½‚Ȃ闝—R‚àŒ©‚‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢Bv‚ƁB

 

The interim report, Magnet fält och Cancer 1993, is available only in Swedish. Contact: Stefan Villa, Elsäkerhetsverket (NESB), Box 1371, S-11193, Stockholm, Sweden, (46+8) 453-9700, Fax: (46+8) 453-9710. ’†ŠÔ•ñuMagnet fält och Cancer 1993v‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚݂̂ŁANESB‚©‚ç“üŽè‰Â”\B

 

An overview in English was published by the Swedish power company, Vattenfall, in its newsletter, E&B Extra (No.4, December 9, 1993). Contact:Rolf Lindgren, Vattenfall Transmission AB, Folkungagatan 20, S-41102, Göteborg, Sweden, (46+31) 800302, Fax:(46+31) 156651.

‰pŒê‚É‚æ‚éŠT—v‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì“d—͉ïŽÐ‚̃jƒ…[ƒX‚ÉŒfÚ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‚ðNESB‚Ɉ˗Š‚µ‚½‚ªAŒÃ‚·‚¬‚āA‚·‚®‚ɂ͏o‚Ä‚±‚È‚¢@‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ÔM‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B
2013
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‘S•¶ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚Å‚ ‚éB‰pŒê‚ÌŠT—v‚à•t‹L‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

 

“üŽè‚µ‚½PDFƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ðOCRƒ\ƒtƒg‚ŃeƒLƒXƒg‰»‚µA‚»‚ÌŒã‚É‹@ŠB‰p–󂵂½Œ‹‰ÊA‚±‚Ì1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‘‚ɂ́u”’l‹K§‚ð‚·‚é‚Æ‚©AŠwZ‚ðˆÚ“]‚¹‚æv‚Ƃ͏‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
1
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‚Ü‚³‚©AuRelocatev‚̈Ӗ¡‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ðuLocatev‚Æ”½‘΂̈Ӗ¡‚ɁAŒë–󂵂½‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

‚±‚Ì1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‚Ì“à—e‚́A•Ê€‚ÉŽ¦‚·i‘æ5Í‚Ì3€ŽQÆjB

 

 

4DMWN‚ÌMay/June 1994‚É‚Í

 

ESweden is now unlikely to set exposure limits for power frequency magnetic fields, government officials report.

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚Ì’kGƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Í“d—ÍŽü”g”Ž¥ŠE‚É”˜˜IŒÀ“x’l‚ðÝ’肵‚»‚¤‚à‚È‚¢B

 

EThe NESB has warned previously that new day-care centers, schools and playgrounds should not be built where magnetic fields exceed 2-3 mG.

NESB‚Í‚©‚‚āA2-3mG‚ð’´‚¦‚鎥ŠE‰º‚ɂ͐V‹K‚̃fƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^EŠwZE—V‚яê‚ðŒšÝ‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ƁAŒx‚µ‚½B

ƒ’Gu‚©‚‚ācŒx‚µ‚½v‚ƉߋŽ‚ÌŽ–ŽÀ‚Æ‚µ‚āA‹Lq‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Ƃ͏d—v‚Å‚ ‚éB„

 

EThe informational booklet, released in May by the NESB and three other agencies, states that uncertainties in current scientific knowledge leave gno basis for establishing limits.h It was primarily written by the NESBD

î•ñƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚ÍNESB‚Æ‘¼‚Ì3È’¡‚̍‡“¯‚Å5ŒŽ‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽB
‚»‚ê‚ɂ́AŒ»ó‚̉Ȋw“I‚ÈŒ©Ž¯‚É‚¨‚¯‚é•sŠmŽÀ‚³‚́AŒÀ“x’l‚ðÝ’è‚·‚鍪‹’‚ª‚È‚¢‚É‚Æ‚Ç‚Ü‚éA–¾Œ¾‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

EThe booklet concludes that, since gthe cost of eliminating these possible [childhood leukemia] cases is very large,h money would be better spent elsewhere—on reducing the cancer risk from radon, for example, or on cutting the number of traffic accidents.
Magnetfält och Eventuella Halsorisker Utifrån Vad Vi Vet i Maj 1994 (Magnetic Fields and Possible Health Risks Based on What We Know as of May 1994) is available from: NESB, PO Box 1371, S-11193 Stockholm, Sweden, (46+8) 453-9700. There is no charge for single copies. An English translation of the text is also available.

î•ñƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚́A¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚̉”\«‚ðœ‹Ž‚·‚邽‚ß‚Ì”ï—p‚Í”ñí‚É‘å‚«‚­AŽ‘‹à‚Í‚»‚Ì‘¼‚̑΍ô‚ÉŽg‚Á‚½•û‚ª‚æ‚è—Ç‚¢i‚½‚Æ‚¦‚΁Aƒ‰ƒhƒ“‚É‚æ‚é”­‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‚̒ጸô‚âAŒð’ÊŽ–ŒÌ‚̒ጸ‚ׂ̈Ɂj‚ÆŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚±‚Ì1994”N5ŒŽ‚̃pƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒguŽ¥ŠE‚ÆŒ’N‰e‹¿A”»‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Æ‚©‚çv‚ÍNESB‚©‚ç–³—¿‚Å‚à‚炦‚éB

 

‚±‚Ì1994”N5ŒŽ‚ÌNESB‚̃pƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚͈ȏã‚̂悤‚È‚±‚Æ‚©‚çA“üŽè‚µ‚Ä“à—e‚ðŠm”F‚µ‚Ä‚Ý‚é•K—v‚Í‚È‚³‚»‚¤‚Å‚ ‚éB

‚±‚Ì’²¸‚Ì–Ú“I‚É‚»‚¤î•ñ‚͏‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢A‚Æ‘z’è‚Å‚«‚é‚©‚ç‚Å‚ ‚éB

”O‚ׂ̈ɃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚©‚猴•¶‚ðŽæ‚èŠñ‚¹‚½Bu‡—“I‚ȑΏˆv‚ð‘E‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚邾‚¯‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

 

‚Ü‚½•Ê‚Ì‹LŽ–‚Æ‚µ‚Ä

EƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̘J“­‘g‡LO‚́A

uInformational booklet, Cancer and Magnetic Fields at the Workplace.Eê‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎥ŠE‚ÆŠàFî•ñƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒgv‚𔭍s‚µ‚½B‚±‚Ì’†‚ɂ́AEê‚Å‚Í‚Q‚GˆÈã‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Í”ð‚¯‚éEEEE‚ÆŒ¾‚Á‚½î•ñ‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

‚±‚Ì1994”N ‚Ì”­s‚Ɛ„’肳‚ê‚éƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚ðƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌLO‚Ɉ˗Š‚µ‚½B

‚±‚ÌLO‚Ì•ñ‘‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½B
“Á‚ɁuEê‚Å‚Í2mGˆÈã‚Í”ð‚¯‚½‚¢v‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ª‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邾‚¯‚ŁA‚±‚Ì’²¸‚É—L—p‚ȏî•ñ‚ÍŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚Í‚¢‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

 

 

5DMWN‚ÌJan/Feb 1995‚É‚Í

 

EThe Swedish National Electrical Safety Board (NESB) has no plans to recommend EMF exposure standards in the near future. gI cannot foresee any limits for long-term exposures to magnetic fields,h Stefan Villa, a senior administrative officer at the board, told Microwave News in late January.

uƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌNESB‚Í‹ß‚¢«—ˆ‚É‚¨‚¢‚āA“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‹K’è‚ðì‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚È‚¢AŽ¥ŠE‚Ì’·ŽžŠÔ”˜˜I‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éŒÀ“x’l‚ð—\’m‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚¢v‚ƁANESB‚ÌŠÄ—Š¯‚ÍMWN‚ɁA1ŒŽ––‚ÉŒê‚Á‚½B

 

EThe NESB still favors a policy of prudent avoidance, however, and continues to advise that day-care centers, schools and playgrounds not be built where magnetic field levels exceed 2-3 mG.

NESB‚͐Td‚È‚é‰ñ”ð‚̐­ô‚ÉŽ^¬‚·‚邪A‚µ‚©‚µA2-3mG‚ð’´‚¦‚鎥ŠE‰º‚ɃfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^EŠwZE—V‚яê‚ðì‚ç‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ðƒAƒhƒoƒCƒX‚µ‘±‚¯‚éB

 

‚Æ‚ ‚éB

1995”N1ŒŽ‚Ì’iŠK‚ŁANESB‚Æ‚µ‚āA‚à‚µ‚©‚·‚é‚ÆNESB‚ÌŠÄ—Š¯‚̌l“IŒ©‰ð‚Æ‚µ‚āA2-3mG‚ð’´‚¦‚½êŠ‚Ö‚ÌŠwZ‚È‚Ç‚ÌŒšÝ‚Í”ð‚¯‚é‚ׂ«‚ƍl‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

‚±‚ÌMWN‚ł́A“¯Žž‚ɁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌŒ’N•ÛŒ’’¡‚Ì•ñ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä

EA working group of the Stockholm-based Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare has found little evidence linking EMFs with cancer, adverse reproductive outcomes or skin problems.

Released on January 17, the groupfs 257-page report—Evaluation of the Effects on Health of Electrical and Magnetic Fields—concluded that neither epidemiological data nor experimental studies on animals or in vitro support an EMF–cancer connection.

ƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€‚ÌŒ’N•ÛŒ’’¡‚̍ì‹Æ•”‰ï‚́A“dŽ¥”g‚ÍŠàA¶B‚ւ̈«‰e‹¿A”畆‚Ì–â‘è‚ÉŠÖŒW‚·‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ŠmØ‚Í–³‚©‚Á‚½‚ƁA”­•\‚µ‚½B
257
•Å‚Ì•ñ‘‚ŁA1ŒŽ17“ú‚É”­•\‚µ‚½B

•ñ‘u“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚Ì•]‰¿v‚͉uŠwŒ¤‹†‚à“®•¨‚â×–EŽÀŒ±Œ¤‹†‚àA“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÆŠà‚ÌŠÂŒ`‚ðŽxŽ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚ÆŒ‹˜_‚µ‚½B

 

1995”N1ŒŽ‚Ì’iŠK‚ŁANESB‚ÆŒ’N•ÛŒ’’¡‚ł͈ӌ©‚Ì‘Šˆá‚ª‚ ‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

 

6DMWN‚ÌNov/Dec 1995‚ɂ́A

 

EƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì5È’¡‹¤“¯ƒKƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚ƁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‹K§‚ª•K—v‚©‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錟“¢‰ï‚É‚æ‚é•ñ•¶‘‚ÌŠT—v‚àà–¾‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

E”’l‹K§‚ð‚·‚é‚¾‚¯‚̉Ȋw“I‚Ș_‹’‚Í‚È‚¢B‚µ‚©‚µA‰½‚ç‚©‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ðs‚¤‚±‚Æ‚Ü‚Å–W‚°‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢A‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ‹˜_‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

Eua series of interviews, a number of Swedish scientists and regulators commented that it is practically impossible to site a power line next to a school or a playground in their country.v

MWN‚̕ҏW’·‚ªƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌŠÖŒWŽÒ‚ɃCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚µ‚½Œ‹‰Ê‚Æ‚µ‚āAuƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚ÍŠwZ‚âZ’ë‚ɗאڂµ‚Ä‘—“dü‚ðŒšÝ‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ÍŒ»ŽÀ“I‚É‚Í•s‰Â”\‚Å‚ ‚év‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒRƒƒ“ƒg‚𓾂Ă¢‚éB

 

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̐­•{‹@ŠÖ5È’¡‚Æ‚µ‚āANESB‚àŠÜ‚ñ‚¾Œ`‚ŁA“ˆêŒ©‰ðu”’l‹K§‚͍s‚í‚È‚¢A‰Â”\‚Ȕ͈͂ő΍ô‚ðs‚¤‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒŒƒxƒ‹v‚͏o‚½‚ªAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì’†‚ł́u‘—“dü‚Ì‹ß‚­‚ÉŠwZ‚͑ʖځv‚ÆŽå’£‚µ‘±‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚él‚ª‘½‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ªA‚±‚ÌMWN‚©‚ç‚Í‘z‘œ‚Å‚«‚éB

 

 

7DMWN‚ÌMarch/April 2003‚É‚Í

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

This February, Sweden took another step towards extending its EMF precautionary policies. According to Dr. Kjell Hansson Mild of the National Institute for Working Life in Umeå, the government, under orders from parliament, asked the Electrical Safety Agency to investigate how to reduce magnetic fields higher than 4mG (0.4ƒÊT) from power lines in residential areas.

That is, the government is now considering—although somewhat reluctantly, according to Mild—applying precaution to all existing structures, not just new ones.

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚Í2003”N‚É‹c‰ï‚Ì—v¿‚ð‚¤‚¯‚āAs­•{‚Æ‚µ‚āAZŠÂ‹«‰º‚Å‚Ì4mGˆÈã‚Ì“dŽ¥”g”˜˜I‚ɑ΂·‚é‘Ήžô‚ðŒŸ“¢‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚Á‚½A‚ƁB

MWN‚Í‚±‚̍†‚Å”pŠ§‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½‚̂ŁA‚»‚ÌŒã‚̏î•ñ‚Í•s–¾B



8
DMWN‚Æ“¯‚¶•ÒWŽÒ‚ª”­s‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½VDT@News‚É‚àŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B
VDT
@News@1995”N3/4ŒŽ†‚Ì“à—e‚©‚ç‚Ì”²ˆ

––––––––––––––––––––––––
“dŽ¥”g‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÌŒ¤‹†•ñF
Sweden
‚Å95”N1ŒŽ17“ú257•Å‚Ì•ñ‘‚ª”­sAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚݂̂ʼnp•¶”Å‚Í‚È‚¢–Í—lA‰p•¶‚̏´˜^‚Í‚ ‚é–Í—lB

ƒJƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJŒ¤‹†Š‚ÌHagenfeldt”ŽŽm“™‚ªŽQ‰æB@“dŽ¥”g‚̐¶‘̉e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ÄŒ¤‹†B@
‚»‚ÌŒ‹˜_‚Æ‚µ‚Ắ@F@
‚Pj“dŽ¥ŠE‚ªˆÙí”DP‚ÌŒ´ˆö‚Æ‚È‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Šm’肵‚½Ø‹’‚͉uŠw’²¸‚©‚ç‚àA“®•¨ŽÀŒ±‚©‚ç‚àAŒ©‚¢‚¾‚¹‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
‚Qj“dŽ¥”g‚ÆŠà‚ÌŠÖŒW‚àAŠÖŒW‚ð‘S–Ê“I‚ɔے肷‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚¢‚ªA@Œ»‘¶‚·‚éƒf[ƒ^‚©‚ç‚ÍŠÖŒW‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ðŽxŽ‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B@“™‚ȂǂƁB
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––


•Åƒgƒbƒv‚Ö–ß‚é

---

 

 

‘æ5Í@ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚Ì‚PŽŸî•ñ

 

1DƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“ŒšÝ’¡1992”NEê“dŽ¥ŠEî•ñƒV[ƒg‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“dŽ¥ŠE‚̐”’l‹K§’l
’Ç‹LF2013-2-27

ŒšÝ’¡‚Í1990”N‚ÌSWEDACA1991”N‚ÌTCO‚ªVDT‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ÄALARAŒ´‘¥‚Å“dŽ¥ŠE˜R‰k‚ð‹K§‚µ‚½‚Ì‚ðŽó‚¯‚āAEê‚Å‚Ì”z“dü‚È‚Ç‚É‚æ‚鎥ŠE”˜˜I‚ðAEê‚̏°ã80cm‚̏Š‚ÅTCO‚Ì‹K’萔’l‚ð€—p‚µ‚āA0.2ƒÊTˆÈ‰º‚É‚·‚ׂ«‚ƁA„§‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚Ì•¶‘‚ð‹@ŠB‰p–󂵂Ă¢‚é‚̂ŁA–|–ó‚̐¸“xˆ«‚­AŒµŠi‚ȏî•ñ‚Æ‚Í‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚ªA­‚È‚­‚Æ‚àA‚±‚¤‚µ‚½‹K’è‚ðƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̐­•{‹@ŠÖ‚ª1992”N‚Ì’iŠK‚ŁAŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ÍŠm‚©‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½B

‚½‚¾‚µA‚±‚ÌŒšÝ’¡‚Í1993”N‘ã‚É‘¼‚̏Ȓ¡‚É‹zŽû‚³‚ê‚āAÁ–Å‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
]‚Á‚āA‚»‚ÌŒã‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì4È’¡E5È’¡‹¤“¯‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠEƒKƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒX‚É‚ÍŠÖ—^‚µ‚Ä‚¨‚炸AŒšÝ’¡‚Ì0.2ƒÊT‹K§’l‚ÍŽ€‚ñ‚¾’l‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB

ˆÈ‰ºA•Žš‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ÌŒ´•¶AÔ‚Í‹@ŠB‰p–ó

•¶‘–¼F
Byggnadsstyrelsens informationer
@TF134@@1992-12
Magnetfält och elektriska fält i kontorsmiljö
The building board's information@T: 134@@@1992-12
Magnetic field and electrical fields in office environment

1€‚Ì”wŒi‚Ìà–¾‚Ì’†‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹K’è‚̏Љ‚ ‚éB
‚Ü‚½AALARA‚Ìà–¾‚Ì’†‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚éB

I ett remissyttrande rekommenderar Statshälsan att Byggnadsstyrelsen inför riktvärden för begränsning av elektriska och magnetiska fältnivåer i nya byggnader.
De rekommenderade nivåerna (10 V/m ELF och 0.2 microT ELF) bedöms vara möjliga att uppnå till skälig kostnad om lågspänningsnätet utförs i femledar system med övervakning och kablar i och nära arbetsrum har skärmat utförande.
In one referral statement recommends the government health that Board of Building before aiming values for restriction of electrical and magnetic field levels in new buildings.
The recommended levels (10 V/m ELF and 0.2microT ELF) is assessed be possible to achieve to legitimate cost if the flame excitement net is carried out in five boredoms systems with monitoring and cables in and near office has islet food execution.


Rekommenderade värden på fält från bildskärmar:
Sedan 1987 tillämpas i Sverige en frivillig provning av bildskärmar, Vid upphandling av bildskärmar för bl.a. statliga verk och myndigheter tillaämpar Stats-kontoret de rekommenderade värden för elektriska och magnetiska fält som mäts enligt en mätnorm utgiven av Styrelsen för teknisk ackreditering, Swedac.
För bildskärmar som mäts enligt denna norm har Swedac (1990) och TCO (1991) publicerat följande rekommenderade värden.
Recommended values on fields from monitors:
Since 1987 is applied in Sweden one voluntary provning of monitors, wide purchasing of monitors for bl.a. State agencies and authorities apply Stats-the office they recommended values for electrical and magnetic fields that are measured according to it mätnorm given of the board for technical accreditation, Swedac.
For monitors that is measured according to this standard has Swedac (1990) and Confederation of Professional Employees (1991) the published following recommended host.

TCO‚Ì‹K’è@“dŠE@5-2000Hz @30cm‚Å10V/m
Ž¥ŠE@5-2000Hz @30cm‚Å0.2ƒÊTˆÈ‰º@‚Ȃǂ̐”’l‚ªÐ‰î‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Rekommenderade värden på fält från lysrörsarmaturerF
I NUTEK:s programkrav för kontor och korridorbelysning (1992) anges förutom de krav som gäller synförutsattningar även krav på att belysningsarmaturer inte ska avge elektriska och magnetiska fält över de värden som anges i Swedac:s rekommendationer.
I kraven anges även att man bör "sträva efter att ytterligare begränsa fälten".
Recommended values on fields from fluorescent light armatures:
In Swedish Business Development Agency: s programme requirement pursues offices and corridor illustration (1992) to be stated apart from the requirements that applies synförutsattningar also requirements on that illustration armatures will not give electrical and magnetic fields over the values that to be stated in Swedac: s recommendations.
In the requirements is stated also that one should gstrive after that additional limit the fields ".

För nybyggnader bör därmed magnetfälten begränsas enligt ALARA-principen.
Lågspänningsnätets utförande i femledarsystem med övervakning medför att de fältnivåer som rekommenderas av Stats-hälsan kan underskridas.
Detta innebär att installationer inte bör avge magnetisk fältstyrka över 0.2microT RMS (micro Tesla effektivvärde, 5-2000 Hz).
Angiven nivå registreras vid arbetsplatsen 0,8 meter över golv.
For new buildings should thereby the magnet fields be limited according to ALARA-principen.
The flame excitement net's carrying out in femledarsystem with monitoring means that the field levels that to be recommended of Stats- the health can be less than.
This means that installationer should not give magnetic field strength over 0.2microT RMS (micro Tesla effective value, 5-2000 Hz).
Stated level is registered the wide workplace 0.8 metres over floors.

‹@ŠB‰p–󂪂¤‚Ü‚­s‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚̂ŁA“ú–{Œê‚Ö‚Ì–|–ó‚ÍŠ„ˆ¤‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B


1A
D1993”N‚ÌSSIƒjƒ…[ƒX

 

SSIƒjƒ…[ƒX1996”N‚ŁA1993”N‚ÌSSIƒjƒ…[ƒX‚ɏî•ñ‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ª”»–¾‚µ‚½B

SSI‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚Í‚±‚̌¢ƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ÍŒ©‚‚©‚炸ASSI‚Ƀ[ƒ‹‚Å’ñ‹Ÿ‚ðˆË—Š‚µ‚½B“üŽè‚µ‚½B

 

SSIƒjƒ…[ƒX1993”N‚Å”»‚Á‚½‚±‚ƁF

ESSI‚Í1993”N1ŒŽ‚ɐº–¾‚ðo‚µ‚½B

E‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚Æ”­‚ª‚ñ‚ÌŒ¤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚͏³’m‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邪A‚»‚ê‚ð”Û’è‚·‚錤‹†‚à‚ ‚éB

ESSI‚̈ӌ©‚́A‡—“I‚È”ï—p‚̘g“à‚Å“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ð’ጸ‚·‚éŽè’i‚𓥂ނ±‚Æ‚Å‚ ‚éB
V‹K‚̐ݔõ‚â‘—“dü‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮAd‘å‚È•s•Ö‚³‚â”ï—p‚ª”­¶‚µ‚È‚¯‚ê‚΁A’á“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÌŽ{ô‚ðs‚¤B
Šù‘¶‚̐ݔõ‚âZ‹‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA’èí“I‚ÈŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Ì10”{‚ð’´‚¦‚éê‡‚ɂ́A‡—“I‚È”ï—p‚͈̔͂ʼn”\‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁A’á“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÌŽ{ô‚ðs‚¤B

 

 

2DƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‘‰ï‚ł̘_‹c1992/1993

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Motion 1992/93: N402

Safety around the magnetic fields at power lines

NUTEK, the regulatory authority has now realized and accepted the link between exposure to power-frequency fields and cancer. They recommend a precautionary approach, pending more research. This means that focused children's activities such as schools, kindergartens and playgrounds should not be placed very close to power lines.
The distance should be such that the magnetic field from the power line has fallen to 0.2 - 0.3 microTesla.

Protection limit should be set at a maximum of 0.1 microTesla.

Requests

With reference to the cited hemställs

First the parliament to the government requests that NUTEK is asked to introduce protection for construction along power lines in accordance with the motion stated,

2nd the parliament's opinion, the government announced what the motion forward for research on magnetic fields.

Stockholm January 14, 1993 Rune Evensson (s) Ingvar Johnsson (s) Britt Bohlin (s) Lena Klevenås (s)

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

–hŒì’l‚͍őå0.1ƒÊT‚É‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚ ‚éA‚Æ‚¢‚¤“®‹c‚ª‚¾‚³‚ꂽB

 

–––––––––––––––––––––

Motion 1992/93: N403

Act strong magnetic fields

We believe therefore that a law should be enacted as regards maximum levels for the strong magnetic fields may be indoors.

Requests

With reference to the cited hemställs

The parliament's opinion, the government announced what the motion stated on research and legislation relating to electromagnetic radiation.

Stockholm January 15, 1993 Ingbritt Irhammar (c) Gunhild Bolander (c)

–––––––––––––––––––––––

Å‘厥ŠE”˜˜IƒŒƒxƒ‹‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é–@§’è‚ð‹‚ß‚éA‚Æ‚¢‚¤“®‹c‚ªo‚³‚ꂽB

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––

Motioni“®‹cj 1992/93: N406

New guidelines for the placement of power lines

Sometimes the figure of 0.1 micro tesla mentioned that threshold.

Requests

With reference to the cited hemställsF

The parliament to the government requests that the relevant authority is asked to establish maximum proximity between homes / workplaces and electrical installations by magnetic fields size.

Stockholm January 14, 1993 Christina Linderholm (c) Tage Påhlsson (c)

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

“dŽ¥ŠE‚Ì‹K§’l‚ðÝ’è‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ð‹‚ß‚éAê‡‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä‚Í0.1ƒÊT‚Æ‚¢‚¤“®‹c‚ªo‚³‚ꂽB

 

‚±‚ê‚ç‚Ì“®‹c‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‘‰ï‚̈ψõ‰ï‚ł̐R‹cŒ‹‰Ê‚Í

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Industry Committee report 1993/94: NU1@ŽY‹ÆˆÏˆõ‰ï‚Ì‹cŒˆ‹cŽ–˜^‚©‚ç

Health risks from power lines, etc.

Requests

The Committee is requesting

First regarding health risks of power lines that parliament rejects motions 1992/93: N402, 1992/93: N403, 1992/93: N406 and 1992/93: N440 claims 1 - 4, 6 and 7,

2nd regarding RCDs that Parliament rejects motion 1992/93: N411.

Stockholm October 12, 1993

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

ã‚ɏЉ‚½3‚‚̓®‹c‚Í‘S‚Ĉψõ‰ï‚Ŕیˆ‚³‚ê‚āA–{‰ï‹c‚ɉñ•t‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

‚±‚̂悤‚ɁAŒµ‚µ‚¢“dŽ¥”g‹K§‚ð–]‚ލ‘‰ï‹cˆõ‚ª‚¢‚½‚±‚Æ‚ÍŠm‚©‚Å‚ ‚邪A‘‰ï‚ł̍̑ð‚É‚ÍŽŠ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

‘¼‚É‚à—ÞŽ—‚Ì“®‹c‚ªo‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢‚ªAƒlƒbƒg‚ÌŒŸõ‚ÅŒ©‚‚©‚Á‚½—á‚Æ‚µ‚āAã‹L‚Ì—á‚ðã‚°‚½B

 

 

3D1993”N‚ÌNESB’†ŠÔ•ñ‘

 

2013”N1ŒŽ9“ú@ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì—Fl‚©‚ç1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‘‚ª“Í‚¢‚½B

PDFƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ðOCR‚ŃeƒLƒXƒg‰»A1“ú‚©‚¯‚āA—vŠ‚Ì‚Ý‹@ŠB‰p–󂵂½Œ‹‰ÊA‚±‚Ì1993”N‚Ì•ñ‘‚ɂ͐”’l‹K§‚ð‚·‚é‚Æ‚©AŠwZ‚ðˆÚ“]‚¹‚æ@‚Ƃ͏‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

‚Þ‚µ‚ëAu2-3mG‰º‚É‚ ‚éŠwZ‚̈ڐ݂͂·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢AˆÀ‘S’¡‚Í‚±‚̐„§‚ðÄl‚·‚闝—R‚ðŒ©‚Â‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢BFXŒŸ“¢’†‚Æ‚ ‚év@‚Æ‚ ‚éB

‚Ü‚³‚©ARelocate‚̈Ӗ¡‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ðLocate‚Æ”½‘΂̈Ӗ¡‚ɁAŒë–󂵂½‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

ˆÈ‰º@•‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ÌŒ´•¶@—΂ƐԂ͋@ŠB‰p–󂵂½‚à‚Ì

–––––––––––––––––––––––

ELSAKERHETSVERKET@@MAGNETFALT OCH CANCER 1993

ELSAKERHETSVERKET@@ MAGNETIC FIELD AND CANCER 1993

Stockholm 1 November 1993

Lars ljung

Stefan Vlla

 

1DSAMMANFATTNING

SUMMARY

 

Rapporten utgör en kortfattad redogörelse av forskningsläget rörande eventuella samband mellan främst magnetiska fälts effekter på människans hälsa samt Elsäkerhetsverkets arbete inom detta område. Inom Elsäkerhetsverket pågår för närvarande en utredning av hälsoeffekterna samt de tekniska och ekonomiska konsekvenserna av en eventuell reglering av magnetfälten från kraftledningar och transformatorstationer för att få en uppfattning om vad det skulle innebära för samhället i övrigt. Denna rapport får därför ses som en delrapport.

 

The report constitutes a brief report of the research situation concerning possible connections between mainly magnetic fields' effects on the people's health and Swedish National Electrical Safety Board's work within this area. Within Swedish National Electrical Safety Board, the technical and economic consequences of a possible regulation of the magnet fields are taking place currently an investigation of the health effects and they from power managements and transformer stations in order to few a view about what it would mean for the society in other respect. This report may therefore be seen as a part report.

 

 

Elsäkerhetsverket har med stöd av verkets samrådsgrupp för elektriska och magnetiska fält följt utvecklingen inom forskningen kring eventuella hälsorisker orsakade av kraftfrekventa elektriska och magnetiska fält. Under senare år har väsentligen magnetfältens eventuella samband med cancer stått i fokusD

 

Swedish National Electrical Safety Board has with the support of the agency's consultation group stem electrical and magnetic fields the followed development within the research around possible health risks caused of power frequent electrical and magnetic fields. In recent year has mainly magnet field even possible connections with cancer to stand in focus.

 

 

Elsäkerhetsverkets lägesbedömning

Swedish National Electrical Safety Board's situation assessment

 

Med utgångspunkt från de forskningsresultat som Framkommit sedan frågan om hälsorisker vid exponering för kraftfrekventa elektriska och magnetiska fält aktualliserades, gör Elsäkerhetsverket följande bedömningD

 

With starting point from those research results as arrived since the question about health risks wide exposure for power frequent electrical and magnetic fields aktualliserades, Swedish National Electrical Safety Board do the following assessment

 

Elsäkerhetsverket konstaterar att några negativa hälsoeffekter vid exponering för kraftfrekventa electriska fält med styrka upp till några tiotal kV/m hittills ej har kunnat beläggas.

 

Swedish National Electrical Safety Board establishes that some negative health effects wide exposure for power frequent electric fields with strength up to some ten kV/m so far has not can be borne out(— •t‚¯‚é).

 

I foregående rapport till regeringen, Sammanställd av statens energiverk, konstaterades att några negativa hälsoeffekter vid exponering för kraftfrekventa magnetiska fält med en upp till ca 50 ƒÊT hittills ej kunnat beläggas. Hypotesen om ett samband mellan cancer och magnetfält kunde varken forastas eller antas. Det framhölls att ytterligare forskningsresultat erfordrades.

 

In preceded report to the government, put together of the State's energy agencies, was established that some negative health effects wide exposure for force frequent magnetic fields with it up to approximately 50 ƒÊT so far not can be borne out (— •t‚¯‚é). The hypothesis about a connection average cancer and magnet field could neither load pc carcasses or is assumed. It was stressed that further research result was required.

 

 

I avvaktan på ytterligare forskningsresultat ansåg statens energiverk att det,med anledning av den oro en del människor kände, fanns anledning att tillämpa en försiktighetsstrategi. Verket framhöll att man i avvaktan på ytterligare forskningsresultat ej borde förläggai= relocatej nya koncentrerade barnaktiviteter t ex skolor, daghem och lekplatser så nära kraftledningar att magnetfältet översteg 0.2-0.3ƒÊT. Elsäkerhetsverket har ej funnit skäl att ompröva denna rekommendation.

 

Awaiting further research result, the State's energy agencies considered that it, in connection with that dread (‹°‚ê‚é) a part people known, reason was to apply a caution strategy. The agency stressed that one awaiting further research result should not relocate new concentrated child activities for example schools, day nurseries and playgrounds so near force managements that the magnet field exceeded 0.2-0.3ƒÊT. Swedish National Electrical Safety Board have not found reasons to review ireconsiderjthis recommendation.

 

‚±‚Ì1ß‚͋ɂ߂ďd—v‚Å‚ ‚邪A‹@ŠB‰p–ó‚Ì‚½‚ß‚©AˆÓ–¡‚ª‚Æ‚è‚É‚­‚¢B

‹@ŠB‰p–ó‚©‚çA‘z‘œ‚ð“ü‚ê‚È‚ª‚ç“ú–{Œê–ó‚·‚é‚Æ

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

‘‰Æ“d—Í’¡‚́A¡Œã‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚ð‘Ò‚¿AlX‚ª’m‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‹°•|‚Æ‚àŠÖ˜A‚µ‚āA—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ð“K—p‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ðl‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚éB
u¡Œã‚ÌŒ¤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚ð‘҂‚ªAV‹K‚ÌŽq‹Ÿ‚ÌŠˆ“®’†SiŠwZ‚âƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^A—V‚яê‚È‚Ç‚Å“d—͐ݔõ‚Ì‹ß‚­‚É‚ ‚èA0.2-0.3ƒÊT‚ð’´‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚éj‚̈ڐ݂͂·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢v‚ÆŒ¾‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ðˆÀ‘S’¡‚Í‹­’²‚µ‚½B
“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚Å‚Í‚±‚̐„§‚ðÄl‚·‚闝—R‚ªŒ©‚‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚Æ‚È‚éB

‚±‚Ì‹@ŠB‰p–ó‚ŁAd—v‚Ȃ̂́urelocatev‚Ɓureview ireconsiderjv‚Å‚ ‚éB



ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“l‚Å‹KŠi‚È‚Ç‚É‚àÚ‚µ‚¢l‚É‚æ‚é‰p–ó”ŁA–|–󂪐ê–å‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––
Translation from Swedish original:

While awaiting further research results the "Governmental Energy Agency" came to the conclusion that, because of the worries that some people felt, there was reason to use a precautious approach.

X‚Ȃ錤‹†‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚ð‘҂‚ªA­•{‚Ì“d—Í’¡‚͈ȉº‚ÌŒ‹˜_‚𓾂½Bl‚ªŠ´‚¶‚é•sˆÀ‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ª—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ðÌ—p‚·‚闝—R‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

The Agency suggested that until further research results are available new buildings or areas that are intended for children, like schools, day care centers and playgrounds, shall not be placed so close to power lines that the magnetic field strength exceeds 0.2-0.3 ƒÊT.

“d—Í’¡‚͍X‚Ȃ錤‹†¬‰Ê‚ªo‚é‚܂ł̊Ԃ́AV‹K‚̏Z‹EŠwZ‚âƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚â—V‚яê‚̂悤‚ÉŽq‹Ÿ‚ª‚¢‚éêŠ‚́A0.2-0.3ƒÊT‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ð’´‚¦‚é‘—“dü‚ɋߐڂµ‚āAÝ’u‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B

 

The National Electrical Safety Board has not found any reason to challenge this recommendation.

NESB‚Í‚±‚̐„§‚ð—v‹‚·‚邽‚ß‚Ì”@‰½‚Ȃ闝—R‚àŒ©‚‚¯‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––


‚±‚Ì1ß‚ŏd—v‚ȃ[ƒh‚́uplacedv‚Ɓuchallengev‚Å‚ ‚éB

u“d—Í’¡NESB‚͍X‚Ȃ錤‹†¬‰Ê‚ªo‚é‚܂ł̊Ԃ́AV‹K‚̏Z‹EŠwZ‚âƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚â—V‚яê‚̂悤‚ÉŽq‹Ÿ‚ª‚¢‚éêŠ‚́A0.2-0.3ƒÊT‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ð’´‚¦‚é‘—“dü‚ɋߐڂµ‚āAÝ’u‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢Bv‚ƁuNESB‚Í‚±‚̐„§‚ð—v‹‚·‚邽‚ß‚Ì”@‰½‚Ȃ闝—R‚àŒ©‚‚¯‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢Bv‚́AˆÓ–¡‚ª‚«‚¿‚ñ‚Æ’Ê‚¶‚È‚¢B‚Ç‚±‚©–|–ó‚É–â‘肪‚ ‚è‚»‚¤‚Å‚ ‚éB


ƒL[ƒ[ƒh‚Æ‚È‚éuförläggav‚̈Ӗ¡‚ðAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ÌŽ«‘‚Å’²‚ׂĂ݂½B

http://sv.wiktionary.org/wiki/f%C3%B6rl%C3%A4gga@‚ð—˜—p

Svenska

förlägga

1.lägga på fel plats, så att man därpå har svårt att hitta föremålet

2.placera, flytta från en plats till en annan; stationera militära styrkor

Trupperna förlades på olika platser runt om i landsdelen i väntan på bättre tider.

3.giva ut trycksak

 

place

1. put in the wrong place, so that you then have difficulty finding the object

2. place, moving from one place to another; stationing military forces

The troops were placed at various locations around the country in part in anticipation of better times.

3. give out printed


‚±‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“ŒêŽ«‘‚̃TƒCƒg‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁Aförlägga‚́A’Pƒ‚ɉpŒê‚É’u‚«Š·‚¦‚é‚ƁuPlacev‚Å‚ ‚邪A

‚PD•s“KØ‚ȏꏊ‚ð‘I‘ð‚µ‚½  ƒg•s“KØ‚Èlocasteh misplace„

‚QD‚ ‚éêŠ‚©‚瑼‚̏ꏊ‚Ɉړ®‚·‚é@ƒrelocate„@‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚ª‚ ‚éB

 

‚·‚È‚í‚¿AƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ł́u‘—“dü‚Ì‹ß‚­‚ðŒšÝêŠ‚É‘I’è‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Í•s“KØ‚È‚Ì‚Å‘I’è‚·‚é‚ȁv‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚Ɓu‘—“dü‚Ì‹ß‚­‚ðŒšÝêŠ‚É‘I’肵‚½‚ªAˆÚÝ‚·‚é‚ȁv‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚É‹æ•Ê‚ª‚È‚¢A‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚É‚È‚éB


‚±‚ê‚́A‚à‚¤BEMSJ‚Ì”\—Í‚ð‚Í‚é‚©‚É’´‚¦‚½—̈æ‚Å‚ ‚éB

ê–å‰Æ‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚©A‚±‚Ì1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‘‚̍쐬ŽÒ‚ªA”@‰½‚È‚éˆÓ–¡‚ðŽ‚Á‚āA‚±‚¤‚µ‚½•¶Í‚ð‹Lq‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚©‚ðAŠm”F‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª•K—v‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚­‚éB

 

 

I anslutning till att resultaten från två omfattande svenska epidemiologiska undersökningar presenterades hösten 1992 utfärdade NUTEK ett pressmeddelande av vilket framgår att man I det fortsatta arbetet med foreskrifter for elanläggningar utgår från förutsättningen att ett samband mellan exponering för kraftfrekventa magnetiska fält och cancer föreligger, främst barn-leukemi. I syfte att kartlägga konsekvenserna av eventuella regleringar startades ett antal projekt i Elsäkerhetsverkets regi. Dessa beräknas vara färdigställda våren 1994.

 

In connection with that the results from two extensive Swede epidemiological surveys were presented the autumn 1992 issued Swedish Business Development Agency one pressure message off what shows that one in the continued work with load scripts travelled electricity plants is paid from the condition that a connection average exposure for force frequent magnetic fields and cancer exists, in front barn-leukemia. In aim to map the consequences of possible regulations started one numbers projects in Swedish National Electrical Safety Board's direction. These are calculated be the completed spring 1994.

–@‹K§‚̉”\«‚ði‚ß‚éˆê•‚Æ‚µ‚āAƒvƒƒWƒFƒNƒg‚̃ƒ“ƒo[‚Å‚ ‚éNESB‚ÌŽwŽ¦‚Ì‚à‚ƂŁAì‹Æ‚ªŽn‚Ü‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚±‚̍ì‹Æ‚Í1994”Nt‚ɏI‚í‚éB

 

I den vetenskapliga världen råder stor enighet om att ett samband mellan magnetfält och cancer ännu ej är vetenskapligt belagt samtidigt som det framgår att mistanken om ett sådant samband har förstärkas. Bedömningen om hur starka misstankarna är varierar. Eläkerhetsverket gör med utgångspunkt från hittills presenterade epidemiologiska undersökningar följande bedömning avseende misstankarna om samband mellan magnetfält och cancer.

 

In the scientific world, big unity advices about that a connection average magnet fields and cancer still is not scientifically borne out concurrently that it shows that mistaken if such a connections have to be strengthened. The assessment about how the strong suspicions are varies. Eläkerhetsverket does with starting point from so far presented epidemiological surveys the following assessment concerning the suspicions about connections average magnet fields and cancer.

 

 

Enligt verkets bedömning är for närvarande framförallt misstanken om ett samband mellan magnetfält och barnleukemi stark medan misstanken om ett samband mellan magnetfält i yrkesmiljö och cancer är skälig. Däremot är misstanken om ett samband mellan magnetfält i boendemiljön och vuxencancer svag.

 

According to the agency's assessment, travelled is present above all the suspicion about a connection average magnet fields and barn-leukemia strong while the suspicion about a connection average magnet fields in trade environment and cancer are legitimate (‡—“I‚ȁE‡–@‚È).
 On the other hand, the suspicion (
‹^‚¢) is about a connection average magnet fields in the residential environment and adult cancer weak.

ˆÀ‘S’¡‚Ì•]‰¿‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁AE‹Æ“I‚Ȋ‹«‰º‚Å‚Ì•½‹Ï“I‚ÈŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÆŠà‚Ì‹^‚¢‚͍‡–@“I‚Å‚ ‚邪AŽq‹Ÿ‚ÌŠà‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚Ì‹^‚¢‚Í‹­‚¢B
ˆê•û‚ŁAZŠÂ‹«‰º‚Å‚Ì•½‹Ï“I‚ÈŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Æ‘ål‚ÌŠà‚Ì‹^‚¢‚ÍŽã‚¢B

 

Med anledning härav finner Elsäkerhetsverket det motiverat att tillämpa en försiktighets-strategi som innebär att åtgärder vidtasCom så kan ske utan stora olägenheter och kostnaderCför att reducera magnetfälten vid nybyggnad av elektriska anläggningar samt att vid nybyggnation av bostäder sträva efter att förlägga dessa sa att magnetfältsexponeringen begränsas.

 

Therefore, Swedish National Electrical Safety Board finds the motivated to apply a caution strategy that means that measures to be taken, about so can happen without big inconvenience and costs, in order to reduce the magnet fields wide newly building electrical plants and that wide construction of new building of rooms rough after relocating these said that the magnet field exposure to be limited.

]‚Á‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“NESB‚́A“dŽ¥ŠE‚ð’ጸ‚·‚邽‚߂ɁA‘å‚«‚È•s•Ö‚³‚â”ï—p‚È‚µ‚É‚Å‚«‚é‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁AVÝ‚Ì“d—͐ݔõŒšÝ‚ƐVÝ‚̏Z‹‚̈ڐ݌ã‚ɁAŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÍŒÀ’肳‚ê‚é‚ׂ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤’ˆÓí—ªiCaution Strategy ‚ ‚éŽí‚Ì—\–hŒ´‘¥‚Æ‚àŒ¾‚¦‚éj‚ð“K—p‚·‚éˆÓ‹`‚ðŒ©o‚µ‚½B

 

‚±‚±‚Å‚à‘O‚̍€‚ʼnۑè‚É‚È‚Á‚½uFörläggav‚Æ‚¢‚¤•\‹L‚ªo‚Ä‚­‚éB

‚±‚±‚̏ꍇ‚́uˆÚÝv‚Å‚àAuÝ’uv‚Å‚à‚Ç‚¿‚ç‚Å‚à‰½‚Æ‚©ˆÓ–¡‚ª’Ê‚¶‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

 

Elsäkerhetsverket avser, med beaktande av nya forskningsresultatCatt tillsammans med berörda myndigheter och samrådsgruppen göra en reviderad bedömning avseende magnetfält och hälsorisker under våren 1994. Nämnda bedömning och underlaget från konsekvensutredning en kommer att ligga till grund för fortsatta åtgärder.

EIsäkerhetsverket intends, with regard to new research results, that along with concerned authorities and the consultation group to do a revised assessment concerning magnet fields and health risks during the spring 1994. Mentioned assessment and the basis from consequence investigation one will lie to shallow for continued measures.

 

 

Rapporten har utarbetats av ElsäkerhetsverketDTill sin hjälp har Elsäkerhetsverket haft en rådgivande samrådsgrupp. Gruppens övergripande uppgift är att biträda verket i frågor om säkerhet vid exponering för elektriska och magnetiska fält genom att följa utvecklingenCinitiera erforderlig svensk forskningCutarbeta förslag till föreskrifter om så erfordrasCVara ett rådgivande forum och informera om frågans bedömning. En förteckning over samrådsgruppens ledamöter återfinns i bilaga I.

The report has been prepared of Elsäkerhetsverket. Till your help has Swedish National Electrical Safety Board had an advisory consultation group. The group's overall information is to support the agency in questions about security wide exposure for electrical and magnetic fields through following the development, initiate necessary Swedish research, proposals prepare to regulations about so to be required, last an advisory forum and to inform about the question's assessment. A list over the consultation group's members are found in annex I.

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––

 

 

4. 1993”N12ŒŽƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̘J“­‘g‡LO‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠEƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg

uInformational booklet, Cancer and Magnetic Fields at the Workplace.Eê‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎥ŠE‚ÆŠàFî•ñƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒgv‚𔭍s‚µ‚½B

‚±‚Ì’†‚ɂ́AEê‚Å‚Í2mGˆÈã‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Í”ð‚¯‚éEEEE‚ÆŒ¾‚Á‚½î•ñ‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

‚±‚Ì•ñ‘‚ðŒ©‚é‚ƁA1992”N‚ɃXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ŁASSABi“S|ƒ[ƒJ[j‚É22”N‹Î–±‚µ‚āA‹­‚¢Ž¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ðŽó‚¯‚āA”]ŽîᇂɂȂÁ‚½‚Æ‚µ‚āA‰‚߂Ă̘JÐ”F’è‚ðŽó‚¯‚½‚±‚Æ‚âA‘—“dü‚Ə¬Ž™Šà‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚à‚ ‚Á‚āA˜J‘g‚ÉWG‚ªÝ‚¯‚ç‚ê‚āA“dŽ¥ŠE‘Ήž‚ðŒŸ“¢‚µ‚½‚±‚Æ‚ª”»‚éB

Œ‹‰Ê‚Í

E‚Å‚«‚邾‚¯’á“dŽ¥ŠE‚É

E2mGˆÈ‰º‚̐Eê‚Ɂ@@‚ð’ñ¥‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

˜J‘g‚Æ‚µ‚āAEêŠÂ‹«‚𒆐S‚ÉŒŸ“¢‚µ‚½•ñ‘‚Ȃ̂ŁA‘—“dü‚ɋߐڂ̊wZEZ‹EEE‚È‚Ç‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ă͉½‚àG‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B



4A
D1994”N‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œ’N•ÛŒ’’¡‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‘ª’è•ñ‘

 

ˆÈ‰º‚Ì•ñ‘iƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œêj‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½B
ˆê•”‚ð‹@ŠB‰p–󂵂Ă݂½B

•ñ‘FSoS-rapport 1994:18
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FMagnetfältsmätningar I bostäder och på daghem
Magnet field measurements in rooms and on day nurseries

”­sFSocialstyrelsens
National Board of Health and Welfare's

Conclusions
‚Ì’†‚̈ꕔ‚𔲐ˆ
E”z“dü‚Ì2‘Š‚É—¬‚ê‚é“d—¬‚Ì•s•½t‚É‚æ‚鎥ŠE”­¶‚ªZ‹‚âƒfƒCƒPƒAƒZƒ“ƒ^‚É‚¨‚¯‚锘˜I‚ÌŽå—v‚ÈŽ¥ŠEŒ¹‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¨‚èA—אڂ·‚é“d—͐ݔõi‚ˆ³‘—“düj‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B
E–ñ5%‚̏Z‹‚Å0.2ƒÊT‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ð’´‚¦‚éB

‚±‚Ì•ñ‘‚Å‚Í—\–hŒ´‘¥EEE‚ÉŒ¾‹y‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

 

5D1994”N‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“4È’¡‚Ì‹¤“¯ƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg

 

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚̃pƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½B

‘S•¶‚ªƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ŁA“üŽè‚µ‚½PDFƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ðOCR‚ŃeƒLƒXƒg‰»A‚»‚µ‚Ä‹@ŠB‰p–ó‚ðs‚Á‚½B

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Magnetfält och Eventuella Hälsorisker utifrån vad vi vet i Maj 1994

Magnet fields and possible health risks on the basis of what we know in May 1994

 

Skulle forskningen visaCatt magnetfält verkligen orsakar cancerCSå kommer vi att föreslå de åtgärder som är rimliga för att få ner riskernaD

Would the research sensible, that magnet field actually causes cancer, sow comes we to suggest the measures that are reasonable in order to few down the risks.

Ž¥ŠE‚ÍŠà‚ð‚à‚½‚ç‚·AƒŠƒXƒN’ጸ‚ׂ̈ɁA‡—“I‚ȑΉž‚𐄏§‚·‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

‚±‚Ì4È’¡‡“¯‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‚ÆŒ’N‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚ɂ́AuƒŠƒXƒN’ጸ‚ׂ̈ɍ‡—“I‚ȑΉžv‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚Í‹Lq‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪AŽ¥ŠE‚𐔒lŒÀ“x’l‚Å‹K§‚·‚é‚Æ‚©A‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚ɋߐڂµ‚½ŠwZ‚ÌŒšÝ‚ð‹ÖŽ~‚·‚éEEEE‚ÆŒ¾‚Á‚½‚±‚Ƃ͏‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

’Ç‹LF2017|3|5
‚±‚Ì4È’¡‚̃KƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚Ì•\Ž†‚ðˆÈ‰º‚ÉŽ¦‚·B
‚Ü‚½A‚±‚̃KƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚ÌŒöŽ®‰p–ó•ª‚ðŒ©‚Â‚¯‚½B
‚±‚ê‚ç‚ð•Êƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ŏЉ‚éB@@@‚±‚¿‚ç‚É

 

5A. 1994”N11ŒŽ‚̃XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ““d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡NESB‚Ì•ñ‘

2000”N ‚É“üŽè‚µ‚½Ž‘—¿‚ª2017”N3ŒŽ‚ɏo‚Ä‚«‚½B

Œ´‘èFElsakerhetsverket  Magnetfalt-osakerheten om halsorisker kvarstar
‰p–ó@Magnetic fields-still uncertainly about health risks: National Electrical Safety Board report to the Government 1994,  1994-11-01

Œ´’˜‚Ì•\Ž†‚ƁAŒöŽ®‰p–ó‚ð•Êƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚ÉŽ¦‚·B@@‚±‚¿‚ç‚É

‚±‚Ì’†‚ŁAˆÈ‰º‚Ì‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚éB
‚±‚Ì‹Lq‚́A1993”N‚Ì’†ŠÔ•ñ‚Ì’†‚É‚à‚ ‚èA‰ðŽß‚ª”»‘R‚Æ‚µ‚È‚¢@‚Æ‚µ‚½•”•ª‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½‚ªA‚±‚ÌŒöŽ®‰p–ó‚É‚æ‚Á‚āAˆÓ–¡‚ª–¾Šm‚É‚È‚Á‚½B

––––––––––––––––
While awaiting futher results of research
Cthe then National Energy Administration (statens  energiverk) felt there was reason to implement a precautionary strategyCgiven the anxiety some people felt.
‚³‚ç‚Ȃ錤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚ªo‚é‚܂ŁAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ““d—Í’¡‚́AlX‚ªŠ´‚¶‚Ä‚¢‚é•sˆÀ‚ɑ΂µ‚āA—\–hŒ´‘¥‚̎菇‚ð“K—p‚·‚é‚ׂ«——R‚ª‚ ‚é‚ƁAl‚¦‚éB

The Authority pointed out that new,concentrated activities for children such as schooIs
Cnurseries and playgrounds should not be located so close to power lines that the magneetic fields in such areas exceeed 0.2|0.3 microT until further results of research had been publisbedD
“d—Í’¡‚́AV‹K‚ÌŠwZE•ÛˆçŠE—V‚яê‚Æ‚¢‚Á‚½Šˆ“®ƒZƒ“ƒ^[‚́A‚³‚ç‚Ȃ錤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚ªŠ§s‚³‚ê‚é‚܂ł́AŽ¥ŠE‚ª0.2]0.3ƒÊ‚s‚ð’´‚¦‚é‘—“dü‚É‹ß‚¢’nˆæ‚ÉŒš‚Ä‚é‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ÆŽw“E‚µ‚½B
i‚a‚d‚l‚r‚i’F“d—Í’¡‚ª‚»‚̂悤‚É–@“I‚É‹K§‚·‚é‚Æ‚ÍŒ¾‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢A‚ƉðŽß‚·‚éBj


The National Electrical Safty Board has found no reason to reconsider this recommendation for the present.
ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ““d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚́AŒ»Žž“_‚ł́A‚±‚̐„§‚ðÄŒŸ“¢‚·‚é‚ׂ«——R‚ðŒ©o‚µ‚Ä‚Í‚¢‚È‚¢B
i‚a‚d‚l‚r‚i’F“d‹CˆÀ‘S’¡‚à“d—Í’¡‚ÌŽw“E‚ɍ‡ˆÓ‚·‚éA‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚ƍl‚¦‚éBj

–––––––––––––––––––


6
DƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚ÌWG‚ÌŒŸ“¢Œ‹‰ÊF1995”N‚ÌHardell‚ç‚ÌŠwp˜_•¶

 

Eur J Cancer Prev. 1995 Sep;4 Suppl 1:3-107.

Exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and the risk of malignant diseases--an evaluation of epidemiological and experimental findings

Hardell L, Holmberg B, Malker H, Paulsson LE.

SourceDepartment of Oncology, Orebro Medical Centre, Sweden

 

Abstract

Epidemiological and experimental studies concerning extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure and malignant diseases published up to 1 July 1994 were evaluated to assess the possible carcinogenicity of electromagnetic fields and the scientific basis for environmental and occupational standard setting.

’áŽü”g“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÆŽîᇂɂæ‚鎀‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āA1994”N6ŒŽ1“ú‚Ü‚Å‚ÉŠ§s‚³‚ꂽ‰uŠw‚ÆŽÀŒ±‚É‚æ‚錤‹†‚ðA“dŽ¥ŠE‚Ì”­‚ª‚ñ«‚ƁAŠÂ‹«EEê‚Å‚Ì”˜˜I‹K’è‚ðÝ’è‚·‚邽‚߂̉Ȋw“I‚Ș_‹’‚𓾂邽‚߂ɁA•]‰¿‚ðs‚Á‚½B

We concluded that there are possible associations between (i) an increased risk of leukaemia in children and the existence of, or distance to, power lines in the vicinity of their residence, (ii) an increased risk of chronic lymphatic leukaemia and occupational exposure to low frequency electromagnetic fields and (iii) an increased risk of breast cancer, malignant melanoma of the skin, nervous system tumours, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, acute lymphatic leukaemia or acute myeloid leukaemia and certain occupations.

‰äX‚́A‰Â”\«‚Ì‚ ‚éŠÖ˜A«‚Æ‚µ‚āAŽŸ‚̂悤‚ÉŒ‹˜_‚ð‚¾‚µ‚½A1jZ‹‚Ì‹ß‚­‚̍‚ˆ³‘—“dü‚É‚æ‚鏬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Í‘‰Á‚·‚éA2j’áŽü”g“dŽ¥ŠE‚ւ̐E‹Æ“I‚È”˜˜I‚É‚æ‚閝«ƒŠƒ“ƒp«”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Í‘‰Á‚·‚é@3j‚ ‚éŽí‚̐E‹ÆŠÂ‹«‚É‚æ‚é“û‚ª‚ñE”畆‚̈««•FŽîE’†•_ŒoŠàE”ñƒzƒWƒLƒ“ƒŠƒ“ƒpŽîᇁE‹}«ƒŠƒ“ƒp«”’ŒŒ•aA‹}«œ‘«”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Í‘‰Á‚·‚éB

There is no scientific basis for occupational or environmental standard setting for low frequency electric or magnetic fields.

’áŽü”g“dŽ¥ŠE‚̐¶ŠˆŠÂ‹«EE‹Æ”˜˜I‚̊Ý’è‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‰ÈŠw“I‚ȍª‹’‚Í‚È‚¢B

 

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Å‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚Ə¬Ž™Šà‚ÌŒ¤‹†”­•\‚ð‚¤‚¯‚āAŠÖ˜A‚·‚錤‹†‚̃Œƒrƒ…[‚ðs‚¤‚ׂ­Aƒ[ƒNƒ“ƒOƒOƒ‹[ƒv‚ðÝ‚¯‚āAŒŸ“¢‚³‚¹‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚»‚µ‚ďã‹L‚ÌŠwp˜_•¶‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŠ§s‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
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ƒn[ƒfƒ‹Ž‚Í•M“ªŽ·•MŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚āu’áŽü”g“dŽ¥”g‚Ì–â‘è‚ɁAŠî€‚ðÝ’肵‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚¢‚悤‚ȉȊw“I‚Ș_‹’‚ÍŒ©‚‚©‚ç‚È‚¢v‚Æ‚¢‚¤ŽïŽ|‚ÌŒ‹˜_‚ðo‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Æ‚É‚àA’–Ú‚·‚ׂ«‚Å‚ ‚낤B

 

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7DƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚̎Љï•ÛŒ’EŒú¶’¡‚̃[ƒNƒ“ƒOƒOƒ‹[ƒv‚É‚æ‚é1995”N•ñ‘

 

uSoS-rapport 1995:1

Elektriska och magnetiska fält och hälsoeffekter

Rapport från Socialstyrelsens expertgrupp

Electrical and magnetic fields and health effects

report from National Board of Health and Welfare's expert groupv

‚ªŠ§s‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

 

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ŏ‘‚©‚ꂽ‚±‚Ì•ñ‘‚ɂ́A2•Å’ö“x‚̉pŒê‚Ì—v–ñ‚ª•t‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éB

ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“‚Ì•ÛŒ’EŒú¶’¡‚̐ê–å‰ÆƒOƒ‹[ƒv‚ª‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚½‚à‚̂ŁA1994”N‚Ü‚Å‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ðƒŒƒrƒ…[‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚±‚Ì•¶‘‚Ì’†‚ɂ́A‰p•¶‚ÌŠT—v‚ð“Ç‚ñ‚¾‚¾‚¯‚Å‚ ‚邪A2mG‚Å–@‹K§‚ðs‚¦‚Æ‚©A—\–hŒ´‘¥‚ðEEE‚Æ‚¢‚¤‹Lq‚ÍŒ©“–‚½‚ç‚È‚¢B

 

 

8DSSI News 1996”N12ŒŽ†‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹LŽ–‚ª‚ ‚éB

 

EV‚µ‚¢“dŽ¥”g‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錩‰ð‚ª5È’¡‹¤“¯‚Å”­s‚³‚ꂽB

E1993”N‚ÉSSI‚͐º–¾‚ðo‚µAî•ñ‚ðƒpƒ“ƒtƒŒƒbƒg‚Æ‚µ‚Ä’ñ‹Ÿ‚µ‚Ä—ˆ‚½B
‚±‚Ì“à—e‚ÍSSIƒjƒ…[ƒX1993”N2ŒŽ†‚ɏڂµ‚¢Bi’F‘æ5Í‚Ì1€‚ðŽQÆj

E1995”N‚É“dŽ¥ŠE‚̉uŠw’²¸‚È‚Ç‚ð•]‰¿‚·‚郏[ƒLƒ“ƒOƒOƒ‹[ƒv‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚ª‚Ü‚Æ‚Ü‚Á‚½B
‚±‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚́A•M“ª•MŽÒ‚ðHardell‚Æ‚µ‚āAŠwpŽGŽ‚ÉŒfÚ‚³‚ꂽi’F‘æ5Í‚Ì6€‚ðŽQÆjB
‚±‚ÌŠwpŽGŽ‚Ö‚Ì•ñ‚ƒljÁ‚̏î•ñ‚ŁA1995”N10ŒŽAƒ[ƒNƒ“ƒOƒOƒ‹[ƒv‚͐V‚µ‚¢”»’èŠî€‚ð”­•\‚µ‚½B
‚±‚Ì”»’èŠî€‚̓XƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“Œê‚ŏ‘‚©‚êA‰p•¶‚ÌŠT—v‚à‚‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚½i’F‘æ5Í7€‚ðŽQÆjB

‚±‚Ì”»’èŠî€‚ðŽó‚¯‚āAƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“­•{‚́A“dŽ¥”g‚Ì–@‹K§‚͍s‚í‚È‚¢‚ªAí—ª“I‚È’ˆÓ•ûôiStrategy of Cautionj‚ðs‚¤‚Æ‚µAŠÖ˜A5È’¡‚É‚æ‚éƒKƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚𔭍s‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚Á‚½B

E5È’¡‹¤“¯ƒKƒCƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ“‚́A­ôŒˆ’èŽÒ‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÌŽwj‚Æ‚µ‚Ä”­s‚³‚êAŒÀ“x’l‚͊܂܂ꂸA‡—“I‚ɉ”\‚Å‚ ‚ê‚ΓdŽ¥ŠE‚̒ጸ‚ð}‚é‚ׂµA‚Æ‚¢‚¤“à—e‚Å‚ ‚éB1996”N‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽi’F‘æ5Í9€‚ðŽQÆjB

 

 

9. ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“5È’¡‚Ì1996”NƒKƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒX

 

‘‰ÆZ‘îEŒš’zŒv‰æˆÏˆõ‰ïiNational Board of Building, Housing and PlanningjA‘‰Æ“d‹CˆÀ‘SˆÏˆõ‰ïiSwedish National Electrical Safety BoardjA‘‰Æ•ÛŒ’E•ŸŽƒˆÏˆõ‰ïiNational Board of Health and WelfarejA•úŽËüˆÀ‘S’¡iSwedish Radiation Protection Authorityj‚ɁA˜J“­ŠÂ‹«’¡iSwedish Work Environment Authorityj‚ð‰Á‚¦‚½5‚‚̋@ŠÖ‚ª“dŽ¥ŠE‚ÌŒ’N–â‘è‚ɑ΂·‚éÓ”C‚ð‹¤—L‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B

1996”NA5È’¡‚̘A–¼‚Łu’áŽü”g“dŠE‹y‚ÑŽ¥ŠEF‘‰Æ“–‹Ç‚Ì‚½‚߂̃vƒŒƒR[ƒVƒ‡ƒiƒŠ[Œ´‘¥@ˆÓŽuŒˆ’èŽÒ‚Ì‚½‚߂̃KƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒXiLow-Frequency Electrical and Magnetic Fields: The Precautionary Principle for National Authorities, guidance for decision-makersjv‚ª”­s‚³‚ꂽB

5È’¡‚́A’áŽü”g‚Ì“dŠE‹y‚ÑŽ¥ŠE‚ւ̂΂­˜I§ŒÀ’l‚ðÝ’肵A‚»‚ê‚É‚æ‚Á‚ÄŒx‰ú‚̍s“®Žwj‚ðŠ©‚·‚邽‚߂̃f[ƒ^‚Í•s\•ª‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ‹˜_‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚éB

uˆê”Ê“I‚ɂ΂­˜I‚ð’ጸ‚³‚¹‚é‘΍ô‚ðŽè‚²‚ë‚È”ï—p‚ÅŽÀŽ{‚Å‚«A‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì‚ ‚ç‚ä‚é“_‚ō‡—“I‚ÈŒ‹‰Ê‚ð‚à‚½‚ç‚·‚±‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁AŠÂ‹«‘΍ô–ʂŐ³í‚ÆŒ©‚È‚³‚ê‚é’l‚©‚犮‘S‚Ɉí’E‚µ‚½Ž¥ŠE‚ð’ጸ‚³‚¹‚邽‚߂ɉ½‚ç‚©‚̑΍ô‚ðu‚¶‚é‚ׂ«‚Å‚ ‚éBV‹K‚Ì“d‹CÝ”õ‹y‚ÑŒš’z•¨‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA‚»‚̐݌v‹y‚Ñ”z’u‚ðs‚¤‚½‚ß‚ÌŒv‰æ’iŠK‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ă΂­˜I‚ª§ŒÀ‚³‚ê‚é‚悤‚ ‚ç‚©‚¶‚ߑ΍ô‚ðu‚¶‚é•K—v‚ª‚ ‚éBv‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚Ì‚ªƒKƒCƒ_ƒ“ƒX‚Ì“à—e‚Å‚ ‚éB

 


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How dangerous are magnetic fields?
Low-frequency magnetic field

The American and Swedish studies have done that in Sweden, already apply a so-called precautionary principle: Can you reduce the exposure at a reasonable cost should do it.

Since 1992, for example, allows Vasakronan, former Byggnadsstyrelsen, no levels above 0.2 micro tesla in new buildings.
1992
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1992
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2001
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ƒXƒEƒF[ƒfƒ“ŽÐ‰ïÈ(National Board of Health and Welfare)AƒJƒƒŠƒ“ƒXƒJŒ¤‹†Š‚̊‹«ˆãŠwŒ¤‹†Š(Institute of Environmental Medicine at Karolinska Institutet)AƒXƒgƒbƒNƒzƒ‹ƒ€B‹c‰ï‚̊‹«ˆãŠw‹Ç(Department of Environmental Medicine at Stockholm County Council)‚É‚æ‚鋤“¯‚ŁA2001”N“xŠÂ‹«‰q¶•ñ‘(Environmental Health Report 2001)‚ª”­•\‚³‚ê‚Ü‚µ‚½B

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ˆø—p•¶Œ£FThe National Board of Health and Welfare, NBHW's Customer service, hEnvironmental Health Report 2001 g, Art no. 2001-111-004, 2001
http://www.sos.se/fulltext/111/2001-111-1/summary.htm
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