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P. Baraton et al: Magnetically Induced Currents in the Human Body. IEC Technology Trend Assessment.1995

 

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0.132

 

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44kHz

66kHz

22kHz

44kHz

66kHz

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28.6

7.14

2.89

35.922

8.968

3.630

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11.2

2.35

0.668

14.067

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0.839

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22kHz

44kHz

66kHz

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91.4

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41.4

 

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6.25

6.25

 

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0.393

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0.088

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0.581

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0.154

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0.020

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41.4

 

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‚±‚Ì•ñ‘‚Ì‘ª’è‚ł́A10Hz‚©‚ç5kHz‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‘ª’è‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‹——£‚́u‹@Ší‚ÌŠOŠk‚Æ‘ª’èƒZƒ“ƒT‚̐æ’[•”•ª‚Ì‹——£v‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éBã‹L‚P‚Ì•½¬3”N‚Ì•ñ‚Ƃ͈قȂÁ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

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Žü”g”@kHz

35

70

105

140

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Ž¥ŠE‘ª’è’lƒÊ‚s

0.00675

0.0012

0.000038

0.00038

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4.2 “dŽ¥Š±ÂŽÀŒ±
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‚TDlŽ@
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ŠÖS‚Ì‚ ‚é•û‚́AƒŒƒWƒ‘S•¶‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚āA“Ç‚ñ‚Å‚­‚¾‚³‚¢B

 

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‚VD“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‚Ì‚k‚‚„‚…‚ŽŒ¤‹†@

 

ƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚ɉ¼–ó‚ð‚‚¯‚½B@ì¬G@‚Q‚O‚O‚R|‚U|‚Q‚X@

˜_•¶–¼FElectric Blanket Use and Breast Cancer in the Nurses Health Study@
@@“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ“û‚ª‚ñ

Œ¤‹†ŽÒFFrancine Ladeni1j, Lucas M. Neas, Paige E. Tolbert, Michelle D. Holmes, Susan E. Hankinson, Donna Spiegelman, Frank E. Speizer, and David J. Hunter,
i1j Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
ŒfÚŽFAmerican Journal of Epidemiology Vol. 152, No.1 : 41-49 @2000@

Electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) have been hypothesized to increase the risk of breast cancer, and electric blankets represent an important source of exposure to EMFs.
“dŽ¥ŠE‚ª“û‚ª‚ñ‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‰¼à‚ª‚ ‚èA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚Í‚±‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE‚Ì”­¶Œ¹‚Å‚ ‚éB

The authors examined the relation between electric blanket use and invasive breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study.
ƒi[ƒX‚ÌŒ’NŒ¤‹†‚̈êŠÂ‚Æ‚µ‚āA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ“û‚ª‚ñ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½B

On the biennial questionnaire in 1992, 87,497 women provided information on this exposure during three consecutive time periods.
1992”N‚ɁA“ñ”N‚Ɉê“x‚ÌŽ¿–â•\‚ŁA87497–¼‚©‚ç˜A‘±‚µ‚½3ŠúŠÔ‚ÌŠÔ‚É”˜˜I‚µ‚½î•ñ‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½B

In a prospective analysis with 301,775 person-years of follow-up through 1996 (954 cases), the relative risk for any electric blanket use was not elevated (relative risk (RR) = 1.08, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.95, 1.24) after controlling for breast cancer risk

factors.
1996
”N‚܂ł́A‘OŒü‚«‚̒ǐՒ²¸‚Łi‘ΏۂÍ301,775l”N‚Ì‹K–́jA“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN—vˆö‚𒲐®‚µ‚½Œã‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•zŽg—p‚É‚æ‚é“û‚ª‚ñ‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘‰Á‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½A‘Š‘Ί댯“x‚Í1.08A‚X‚T“M—Š«‹æŠÔ‚Í0.95|1.24‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

There was a weak association between breast cancer and electric blanket use at least 16 years before diagnosis and long-term use in age-adjusted analyses but not in multivariate models.
‚µ‚©‚µA“û‚ª‚ñ‚Ɛf’f‚³‚ê‚é‘O‚É16”NˆÈã“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½ê‡‚ƁA”N—î‚𒲐®‚µ‚½’·ŠúŠÔ‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•zŽg—p‚ł́A“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‘‰Á‚ÉŽã‚¢ŠÖŒW‚ª‚Ý‚ç‚ꂽB

In a retrospective analysis of 1,318,683 person-years of follow-up (2,426 cases), the multivariate relative risk associated with use before disease follow-up began was null (RR = 1.05, 95% CI:0.95,@1.16).
1,318,683l”N‚ɑΏۋK–Í‚ð‘å‚«‚­‚µAŒã‚ëŒü‚«‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½A2,426‚̏ǗႪ‚ ‚èA“û‚ª‚ñ‚Ɛf’f‚³‚ê‚é‘O‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Ì“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘‰Á‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B‘Š‘Ί댯“x‚Í1.05A96%M—Š«‹æŠÔ‚Í‚OD‚X‚T|‚PD‚P‚U‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

Similar results were obtained in analyses stratified
i‘w‚É‚·‚éj bymenopause iŒŽŒo•ÂŽ~jand restricted to estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers.

ŒŽŒo•ÂŽ~‚ƃGƒXƒgƒƒQƒ“ƒŒƒZƒvƒ^[—z«”½‰ž‚ðŽ‚Âl‚ÉŒÀ’肵‚½ê‡‚Å‚àA“û‚ª‚ñ‚ƃŠƒXƒN‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚Í“¯—l‚ÈŠÖŒW‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

While 95% confidence intervals for these estimates did not exclude small risks, overall, results did not support an association between breast cancer risk and exposure to EMFs from electric blankets.

¡‰ñ‚Ì’²¸‚ŁA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚É‚æ‚é“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚É‚æ‚é“û‚ª‚ñ‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Æ‚ÌŠÖ˜A‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚ªA‚X‚T“M—Š«‹æŠÔ‚ðl‚¦‚½ê‡A¬‚³‚¢ƒŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘¶Ý‚͏œŠO‚µ‚È‚¢B

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‚WD“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚É‚æ‚é“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‚ð”Û’è‚·‚é‚l‚ƒ‚d‚Œ‚’‚‚™Œ¤‹†@

 

ƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚Ì‚Ý“üŽè@‰¼–ó‚ð‚‚¯‚½B@ì¬F@‚Q‚O‚O‚R|‚S|‚P‚Q

ŒfÚŽFEPIDEMIOLOGY 2001;12:613-617
˜_•¶–¼FElectric Blanket or Mattress Cover Use and Breast Cancer Incidence in Women 50-79 Years of Age
—«“û‚ª‚ñ‚Æ“d‹C–Ñ•z‚âƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFJane A. McElroyi1j; Polly A. Newcomb; Patrick L. Remington; Kathleen M. Egan; Linda Titus-Ernstoff; Amy Trentham-Dietz; John M. Hampton; John A. Baron; Meir J. Stampfer; Walter C. Willett
1
FUniversity of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI;

ŠT—vF
Previous research has demonstrated inconsistent associations between electromagnetic radiation, especially from electric blanket use, and breast cancer.
‚±‚ê‚Ü‚Å‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ł́A“û‚ª‚ñ‚Æ“dŽ¥ŠEA“Á‚É“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ÍŽñ”öˆêŠÑ‚µ‚½Œ‹‰Ê‚ª“¾‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

Breast cancer risk according to electric blanket or mattress cover use was examined as part of a multicenter population-based case-control study.
“d‹C–Ñ•z‚à‚µ‚­‚̓}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚̏Ǘá‘Ώƌ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½B


Breast cancer patients 50-79 years of age (N = 1949) were identified from statewide tumor registries in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Wisconsin from the period June 1994 to July 1995.

1994”N6ŒŽ‚©‚ç1995”N7ŒŽ‚ÌŠÔ‚Ì50-79Î‚Ì“û‚ª‚ñŠ³ŽÒ‚ðAƒ}ƒTƒ`ƒ…[ƒZƒbƒcB‚Æ‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì“ñB‚ŁAB‚ª‚ñ“o˜^‚©‚ç’Šo‚µ‚½B

Women of similar age were randomly selected from population lists as controls.
‘ΏƌQ‚͏Z–¯“o˜^‚©‚烉ƒ“ƒ_ƒ€‚É‘I‘ð‚µ‚½B


Information regarding electric blanket and mattress cover use and breast cancer risk factors was obtained through telephone interviews.
“d‹C–Ñ•z‚âƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ÌŽg—p‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚́A“d˜bƒCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚Å“üŽè‚µ‚½B

After adjustment for age, body mass index, and other breast cancer risk factors, the risk of breast cancer was similar among ever-users (relative risk = 0.93; 95% confidence interval = 0.82-1.06) and lower among current users than among never-users (relative risk = 0.79; 95% confidence interval = 0.66-0.95).
”N—îA”ì–ž—¦iHj‚â‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì“û‚ª‚ñƒŠƒXƒN—vˆö‚𒲐®‚µ‚ĉðÍ‚µ‚½BŒ‹‰Ê‚́Au‚©‚‚Ďg—p‚µ‚½vŒQ‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Í0.93(0.82-1.06)Au‚©‚‚Ďg—pvŒQ‚É”ä‚ׂāuŒ»ÝŽg—pvŒQ‚Ì‘Š‘΃ŠƒX‚‹‘ƒ‚Í’á‚­A0.79(0.66-1.06)‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

There was no evidence of a dose-response relation with increasing number of months that electric blankets had been used.
“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½ŠúŠÔ‚Ì’·‚³‚Ƃ́u—ʁ\”½‰žvŠÖŒW‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

This study provides evidence against a positive association between electric blanket or mattress cover use and breast cancer.
‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚́A“d‹C–Ñ•z‚âƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ“û‚ª‚ñ‚̃|ƒWƒeƒBƒu‚ÈŠÖŒW‚ɑ΂·‚锽Ø‚Æ‚È‚éB

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

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‚XD“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚ÆŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂƂ̊֌W@

 

ƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚Ì‚Ý“üŽèA‰¼–ó‚ð‚‚¯‚½Bì¬F@‚Q‚O‚O‚R|‚U|‚R‚O@

ŒfÚŽFAm J Epidemiol 2002; 156:262-267.
˜_•¶–¼FEndometrial Cancer Incidence in Relation to Electric Blanket Use
“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚ÆŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂƂ̊֌W


Œ¤‹†ŽÒFJane A. McElroyi1j, Polly A. Newcomb, Amy Trentham-Dietz, John M. Hampton, Marty S. Kanarek and Patrick L. Remington
i1j University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI.

Endometrial cancer is associated with endogenous and exogenous estrogen
@excess.

Žq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂ͓àˆö«‚ÆŠOˆö«‚̃GƒXƒgƒƒQƒ“‰ßè‚ÉŠÖŒW‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Some investigators have posited that electromagnetic fields may influence cancer risk through estrogenic hormonal mechanisms; however, there have been no studies reporting on electric blanket exposure in relation to endometrial cancer.
Œ¤‹†ŽÒ‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁A”­î«ƒzƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“‚Ì‹@”\‚É‚æ‚èA“dŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚Í”­ŠàƒŠƒXƒN‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ɖ¼’肵‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚µ‚©‚µA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚ªŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂɊ֌W‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¤‹†‚Í‚È‚¢B

The authors examined this possible association between endometrial cancer risk and electric blanket or mattress cover use as part of a population-based, case-control study.
‚»‚±‚ŁA“d‹C–Ñ•zEƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ÌŽg—p‚ªŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂɊ֌W‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©AÇ—á‘Ώƌ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½B

This analysis included incident endometrial cancer cases 40-79 years of age, interviewed during 1994 (n = 148; response rate, 87%) and identified from the Wisconsin tumor registry.
Šà“o˜^‚©‚甲‚«o‚µ‚½‚S‚O|‚V‚XÎ‚ÌŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂ̔­•aÇ—á‚ɑ΂µ‚āA‚P‚X‚X‚S”N‚ɃCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚ðs‚Á‚½AÇ—ᐔ‚P‚S‚W–¼A‰ž“š—¦‚Í‚W‚V“B

Female controls of similar age were randomly selected from population lists (n = 659; response rate, 85%).
—«‚̑ΏƌQ‚͏Z–¯•[‚©‚烉ƒ“ƒ_ƒ€‚É‘I‘ð‚µ‚½B‚U‚T‚X–¼A‰ž‘ø—¦‚W‚T“B

Information regarding electric blanket and mattress cover use and endometrial cancer risk factors was obtained through structured telephone interviews approximately 1 year after diagnosis.
“d‹C–Ñ•zEƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ÌŽg—p‚ÆŽq‹{“à–ŒŽîᇂȂǂɊւ·‚éî•ñ‚́Af’fŒã‚P”N‚ŁA“d˜b‚É‚æ‚éƒCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚Å“üŽè‚µ‚½

After adjustment for age, body mass index, and postmenopausal hormone use, the risk of endometrial cancer was similar among ever users (odds ratio = 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 0.70, 1.55) and among current users (odds ratio = 0.87, 95% confidence interval: 0.49, 1.54) as compared with never users.
”N—îA”ì–ž—¦AŒŽŒo•ÂŽ~Œã‚̃zƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“Žg—p‚̈öŽq‚𒲐®‚µA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚È‚Ç‚ð‰ß‹Ž‚ÉŽg—p‚µ‚½ê‡‚̃IƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚PD‚O‚Si‚X‚T“M—Š«‚OD‚V‚O|‚PD‚T‚TjAŒ»Ý‚àŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éê‡‚̃IƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚OD‚W‚Vi‚X‚U“M—Š«‚OD‚S‚X|‚PD‚T‚Sj‚Å“¯‚¶’ö“x‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

Despite its small size and potential misclassification of exposure, this study provides evidence against an association between electric blanket or mattress cover use and endometrial cancer.
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’F‚±‚ê‚ç‚©‚çA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚É‚æ‚éŽq‹{ƒKƒ“‚Ì‘‰Á‚Í‚È‚¢A‚Æ‚¢‚¦‚éB

 

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‚XAD2007”N‚ÌAbel‚ç‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÆŽq‹{‚ª‚ñ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ðŽ¦´‚·‚錤‹†

‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚P|‚P‚P|‚P‚U
ŒfÚŽFEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention: June 2007 - Volume 16 - Issue 3 - pp 243-250
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FUse of electric blankets and association with prevalencei—¬sA‚Í‚â‚èjendometrialiŽq‹{“à–Œ‚́j cancer
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFAbel EL, Hendrix SL, et al:
Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA

ŠT—v
‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Ì–Ú“I‚́A—«‚ÌŽq‹{“à–Œ‚ÌŠà‚Ì—¬s‚Æ“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ð•]‰¿‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚ ‚éB
—«‚ÌŒ’Nî•ñŠÏŽ@ƒf[ƒ^ƒx[ƒXi‘ΏہF‚X‚R‚U‚X‚U–¼j‚É“o˜^‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éî•ñ‚ð—˜—p‚µ‚āAŽq‹{“à–Œ‚̃Kƒ“‚ÆŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚𓾂½B
“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚ÍŽq‹{“à–Œ‚ÌŠà‚Ì—¬s‚ðA“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚È‚¢ŒQ‚É”ä‚ׂāA‚P‚T“‚‚߂邱‚Æ‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½AƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚PD‚P‚T‚Å‚X‚T“M—Š‹æŠÔ‚Í‚PD‚O‚R|‚PD‚Q‚V‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B
Žq‹{“à–Œ‚ÌŠà‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚é•Ï”‚𒲐®‚µ‚½Œã‚́A‚Q‚O”NˆÈã‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—pŽÒ‚ÍŽq‹{“à–Œ‚ÌŠà‚Ì—¬s‚ð‚R‚U“‚‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚½AƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚PD‚R‚U‚Å‚X‚T“M—Š‹æŠÔ‚Í‚PD‚P‚U|‚PD‚T‚X‚Å‚ ‚éB


Žq‹{“à–Œ‚̃Kƒ“‚Ɛf’f‚³‚ê‚é‘O‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽŽ—pŠúŠÔ‚ð’è‚߂邱‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚¢‚ªA‚Q‚O”NˆÈã‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚͏—«‚ÌŽq‹{“à–Œ‚ÌŠà‚ð—LˆÓ‚ɍ‚‚­—¬s‚³‚¹‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Æ‚ðŒ©o‚µ‚½B

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9BD“d‹C–Ñ•z‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‚Ə¬Ž™”]Žîᇂ̊֌W‚̏Ǘá‘Ώƌ¤‹†@1996”N

‚܂Ƃ߁F@‚Q‚O‚O‚P|‚U|‚T

ˆÈ‰º‚Ì—l‚ÈŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B

Œ¤‹†ŽÒFSusan Preston-Martin et al;
Œ´’˜FBrain Tumor Risk in Children in Relation to Use of Electric @Blankets and Water Bed Heators
ŒfÚŽGŽFAmerican Journal of Epidemiology. @Vol. 143 No.11 1996

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1984-1991
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•êe‚ªŽq‹Ÿ‚Ì”DPŽž‚É“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½ê‡‚Ì”]Žîᇂ̃ŠƒXƒN‚́@OR=0.90 iCI:0.6-1.2j
•êe‚ªŽq‹Ÿ‚Ì”DPŽž‚É“d‹C‰·…ƒxƒbƒh‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½ê‡‚Ì”]Žîᇂ̃ŠƒXƒN‚́@OR=0.90 iCI:0.6-1.3j
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“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ð”DPŠúŠÔ‚̉½ŽžŽg—p‚µ‚½‚©“™‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚à’²¸‚µ‚½‚ªŒ‹‰Ê‚ɂ͕ω»‚Í–³‚©‚Á‚½

Žq‹Ÿ‚ª“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½ê‡‚Ì”]Žîᇂ̃ŠƒXƒN‚́@OR=1.0 iCI:0.6-1.7j
Žq‹Ÿ‚ª“d‹C‰·…•Ê“r‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½ê‡‚Ì”]Žîᇂ̃ŠƒXƒN‚́@OR=1.2 iCI:0.7-2.0j
i‘Š‘Ί댯“xOR‚ª1.2”{‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚邪ACI‚̉ºŒÀ‚ª0.7‚Æ1ˆÈ‰º‚Å‚ ‚é‚̂ŁAŒ‹‰Ê‚Í—LˆÓ‚Æ‚Í‚¢‚¦‚È‚¢Bj

Žq‹Ÿ‚̐«•ÊA”N—îAlŽí‚È‚Ç‚Å’²¸‚ðs‚Á‚½‚ªAŒ‹‰Ê‚Í•Ï‚í‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
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‚±‚ê‚ç‚Ì“d‹C–Ñ•z‚©‚ç˜R‰k‚·‚é’áŽü”gŽ¥ŠEi4ƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚©‚ç‚Q‚Qƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒXj‚́A‘—“dü—R—ˆ‚̏ZŠÂ‹«‰º‚É‘¶Ý‚·‚é’áŽü”gŽ¥ŠEi‚P‚È‚¢‚µ‚Qƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX’ö“xj‚æ‚è‹­‚¢Ž¥ŠE‚Å‚ ‚éBi@j“à‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚Í‘¼‚Ì•¶Œ£‚©‚ç‚̐”Žš‚Å‚ ‚èA‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Å‚Í’¼Ú‹@Ší‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚Í‘ª’肵‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

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Žq‹Ÿ‚ª“d‹C–Ñ•z‚È‚Ç‚©‚ç‚Ì’áŽü”gŽ¥ŠE‚ª”]‚ÌŠài”]Žîᇁj‚𑝔­‚·‚é‚©‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‘ÙŽ™‚ÌŽž‚É•êe‚ª–\˜I‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½Žž‚ƁA¶‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚©‚çŽq‹Ÿ‚ª“d‹C–Ñ•z“™‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½Žž‚Ì2‚Â‚ÌðŒ‚ÅŒŸ“¢‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB“Á’è‚Ì’nˆæ‚̃f[ƒ^‚ðŒ©‚½Žž‚É‚Í“ÁˆÙ“_‚ª‚ ‚邪A‘S‘Ì‚Æ‚µ‚ẮA’áŽü”gŽ¥ŠE‚̉e‹¿‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢@‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ‹˜_‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
“Á’è‚Ì’nˆæ‚Ì‘SZ–¯‚ð‘ΏۂƂµ‚½Œ¤‹†‚Ȃ̂ŁAÇ—á‚Ì‘I‘ð‚ȂǂɃoƒCƒAƒX‚Í‚È‚¢B

 

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ˆÈ‰º‚Í‚Q‚O‚P‚R|‚U|‚P‚O‚̃AƒNƒZƒX

––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚v‚‰‚‹‚‰‚‚…‚„‚‰‚@

ƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚Å‚Í“d‹C–Ñ•z‚©‚ç”­‚¹‚ç‚ê‚é“dŽ¥”g‚ªl‘̂Ɉ«‰e‹¿‚ð—^‚¦‚é‚à‚Ì‚ÆŽw“E‚³‚êA”D•w‚Ö‚ÌŽg—p‚ð‹ÖŽ~‚µ‚½Ž–—Ⴊ‚ ‚éB
‚Ü‚½AS‘Ÿƒy[ƒXƒ[ƒJ‚Ɉ«‰e‹¿‚ð—^‚¦‚é‚Æ‚µ‚āA–„‚ߍž‚ÝŠ³ŽÒ‚ªŽg—p‚·‚éê‡‚̓V[ƒ‹ƒhƒJƒo[‚ª•K—v‚Å‚ ‚éB
––––––––––––––––––––––

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‚P‚OD“d‹C‰·”Mƒxƒbƒh‚Æ”DP@‚k‚…‚…‚Ì2000”NŒ¤‹†


ƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚ð“üŽèB@‰¼–ó‚ð‚‚¯‚½B@ì¬G@‚Q‚O‚O‚R|‚W|‚P‚X

ŒfÚŽGEpidemiology 2000 Jul;11(4):406-15@
˜_•¶–¼FThe use of electric bed heaters and the risk of clinically recognized spontaneous abortion.

“d‹C‰·”Mƒxƒbƒh‚ÌŽg—p‚ƗՏ°“I‚É”F’肳‚ꂽŽ©‘R—¬ŽY‚̃ŠƒXƒN@

Œ¤‹†ŽÒFLee GM, Neutra RR, Hristova L, Yost M, Hiatt RA.
Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Department of Health Services, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
@

ŠT—v@
We conducted a prospective cohort study to evaluate the relation of spontaneous abortion and electric bed heater use during the first trimester of pregnancy.
@
”DPÅ‰‚Ì‚Rƒ–ŒŽŠÔ‚É“d‹C‰·”Mƒxƒbƒg‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½ê‡‚ÆŽ©‘R—¬ŽY‚ÌŠÖŒW‚𒲍¸‚·‚邽‚߂ɁA‘OŒü‚«‚̃Rƒz[ƒgŒ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½B

Compared with non-users, rates of spontaneous abortion were lower for
@women who used electric bed heaters.
”ñŽg—pŽÒ‚É”ä‚ׂāA“d‹C‰·”Mƒxƒbƒg‚ÌŽg—pŽÒ‚ÌŽ©‘R—¬ŽY‚ÌŠ„‡‚Í’á‚©‚Á‚½B@

The adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the two major devices used, electric blankets (N = 524) and waterbeds (N = 796), were, respectively, 0.8 (95% CI = 0.5-1.1) and 0.9 (95% CI = 0.7-1.2).
ƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Æ‚X‚T%M—Š‹æŠÔ‚́A“d‹C–Ñ•z‚ÌŽg—p‚ɑ΂µ‚Ä‚Í‚OD‚Wi‚b‚hF‚OD‚T|‚PD‚PjA“d‹C‰·”M…ƒxƒbƒg‚ÌŽg—p‚Å‚Í‚OD‚Wi‚b‚nF‚OD‚V|‚PD‚Pj‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B@

An increase of risk with increasing intensity (setting-duration combination) of use was not observed.
@
”˜˜I‹­“x‚É”º‚¤ƒŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘‰Á‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Users of electric blankets at low settings for most of the night (N = 171) had lower risks of spontaneous abortion than non-users (adjusted odds ratio = 0.5; 95% CI = 0.3-1.0).

“d‹C–Ñ•z‚̐ݒè‚ð’á‚­‚µ‚Ä‚ ‚éê‡i‰·“x‚̐ݒè‚ð’á‚­‚·‚éA‚·‚È‚í‚¿Ž¥ŠE‚È‚Ç‚Ì”­¶—Ê‚ª­‚È‚¢j‚́A”ñŽg—pŽÒ‚É”ä‚ׂăIƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚OD‚Ti‚b‚iF‚OD‚R|‚PD‚Oj‚Æ’á‚©‚Á‚½B‘ΏۂƂµ‚½Ç—ᐔ‚Í‚P‚V‚P–¼B

Twenty women who used electric blankets at a high setting for 1 hour or less had an adjusted odds ratio of 3.0 (95% CI = 1.1-8.3), but we found no spontaneous abortions among the few women (N = 13) who used a high setting for 2 or more hours.

Ý’è‚ð‚‚­‚µ‚āAŽg—pŽžŠÔ‚ª‚PŽžŠÔ‚©‚»‚êˆÈ‰º‚Ì‚Q‚O–¼‚ð‘ΏۂɌvŽZ‚ðs‚¤‚ƁAƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚RD‚Oi‚b‚hF‚PD‚P|‚WD‚Rj‚ƍ‚‚©‚Á‚½‚ªAÝ’肪‚‚­AŽg—pŽžŠÔ‚ª‚QŽžŠÔ‚à‚µ‚­‚Í‚»‚êˆÈã‚Ì‚P‚R–¼‚ð‘Ώۂɂµ‚½ê‡‚ɂ́AŽ©‘R—¬ŽY‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

We found that exposure rankings of the magnetic field time-weighted average and a rate of change metric did not correspond monotonically to the pattern of spontaneous abortion risks and that electric blankets contribute less to overnight time-weighted average magnetic fields than has been thought.
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ŽžŠÔ‰Ád•½‹Ï‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÍŽ©‘R—¬ŽY‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Æ’P’²‚ÈŠÖŒW‚É‚Í‚È‚­A“d‹C–Ñ•z‚Í–éŠÔ‚ÌŽžŠÔ‰ÁdŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I•½‹Ï’l‚ɑ΂µ‚āAl‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚½‚قǂɂ́AŠñ—^—¦‚͍‚‚­‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

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‚P‚PD“d‹C‰·”Mƒxƒbƒh‚Æ”DP@‚k‚…‚…‚Ì2002”N‚ÌŒ¤‹†@


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Ž¥ŠE‚Ö‚Ì”˜˜I‚ª‘½‚¢‚Æ—¬ŽY‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚ª‘‚·A‚Æ‚¢‚¤‰uŠwŒ¤‹†B@

ŒfÚŽFEPIDEMIOLOGY 2002;13:21-31@
˜_•¶–¼FA Nested Case-Control Study of Residential and Personal Magnetic Field Measures and Miscarriages 
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Œ¤‹†ŽÒFGeraldine M. Lee; Raymond R. Neutra; Lilia Hristova; Michael Yost; Robert A. Hiatt@
From the Environmental Health Investigations Branch California Department of Health Services, Oakland, CA;
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We conducted a nested case-control study (177 cases, 550 controls) to assess the relation between retrospective magnetic field measures and clinical miscarriage among members of the northern California Kaiser Permanente medical care system.
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–kƒJƒŠƒtƒHƒ‹ƒjƒA‚̃ƒfƒJƒ‹ƒPƒAƒVƒXƒeƒ€‚̉ïˆõ‚ð‘ΏۂƂµ‚āAŒã‚ëŒü‚«‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I•]‰¿‚Æ—¬ŽY‚ÌŠ¯‰v‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½AÇ—á‚Í‚P‚V‚VA‘ΏƂÍ550‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

We also conducted a prospective substudy of 219 participants of the same parent cohort to determine whether 12-week and 30-week exposure assessments were similar.
‚³‚ç‚ɁA‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‘ΏۏW’c‚©‚çA219–¼‚Ì‹¦—͎҂𓾂āA‘OŒü‚«‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½B12TŠÔ‚Æ30TŠÔ‚Ì–\˜I•]‰¿Œ‹‰Ê‚Å‚Ç‚¤‚È‚é‚©‚ðŒ¤‹†‚µ‚½B@

We evaluated wire codes, area measures, and three personal meter metrics: (1) the average difference between consecutive levels (a rate-of-change metric), (2) the maximum level, and (3) the time-weighted average.
ƒƒCƒ„[ƒR[ƒhA’nˆæ‚Ì–\˜IƒŒƒxƒ‹A‚»‚µ‚Ȑl–\˜I‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚Í•Ï“®‚ÌŠ„‡AÅ‘å’lAŽžŠÔ‚ɏd‚Ý•t‚¯‚µ‚½•½‹Ï‚ð•]‰¿Žw•W‚Æ‚µ‚½B

For wire codes and area measures we found little association.
ƒƒCƒ„[ƒR[ƒh‚Æ’nˆæ‚Ì–\˜IƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Å‚Í—¬ŽY‚ÆŽ¥ŠE–\˜I‚Æ‚ÌŠÖ˜A‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B@

For the personal metrics (30 weeks after last menstrual period), we found positive associations.
ŒÂl–\˜IiÅŒã‚ÌŒŽŒo‚©‚ç30TŠÔŒã‚Ì–\˜IƒŒƒxƒ‹j‚ł̓|ƒWƒeƒBƒu‚ÈŠÖŒW‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B

Each exposure was divided into quartiles, with the lowest quartile as referent.
–\˜I‹­“x‚ð4•ªŠ„‚µAÅ‚à’á‚¢–\˜IŒQ‚ðŽQÆƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Æ‚µ‚½B

Starting with the highest quartile, adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were 3.1 (95% CI = 1.6-6.0), 2.3 (95% CI = 1.2-4.4), and 1.5 (95% CI = 0.8-3.1) for the rate-of-change metric; 2.3 (95% CI = 1.2-4.4), 1.9 (95% CI = 1.0-3.5), and 1.4 (95% CI = 0.7-2.8) for the maximum value; and 2.3 (95% CI = 1.2-4.4), 1.9 (95% CI = 1.0-3.5), and 1.4 (95% CI = 0.7-2.8)for the time-weighted average.

‚»‚ꂼ‚ê‚̃IƒbƒY”ä‚́A‚‚¢–\˜IŒQ‚©‚ç’á‚¢‚Ù‚¤‚ÉŒü‚©‚Á‚Ä‚»‚ꂼ‚ê‚΂­‚ë‚Ì•Ï“®‚ÌŒƒ‚µ‚³‚Å‚Í3.1 (CIF1.6-6.0), 2.3 (CIF1.2-4.4), 1.5 (CIF 0.8-3.1)@Å‘å’l‚ł́A2.3 (CIF1.2-4.4), 1.9 (CIF1.0-3.5), 1.4 (CIF0.7-2.8)@ŽžŠÔ‚ŏd‚Ý•t‚¯‚µ‚½•½‹Ï’l‚Å‚Í2.3 (CIF1.2-4.4), 1.9 (CI:1.0-3.5), 1.4 (CI: 0.7-2.8)‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B@—ʁ\”½‰žŠÖŒW‚É‚ ‚éB

The odds ratio conveyed by being above a 24-hour time-weighted average of 2 milligauss was 1.0 (95% CI = 0.5-2.1).
24ŽžŠÔ‚ÌŽžŠÔ‚ɏd‚Ý•t‚¯‚µ‚½•½‹Ï–\˜I‚Å‚Qƒ~ƒŠƒKƒEƒX‚ð’´‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚é‚ƁAƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Í1.0iCI:0.5-2.1j‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

Exposure assessment measurements at 12 weeks were poorly correlated with those taken at 30 weeks.
12
TŠÔ‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I•]‰¿‚ƁA30TŠÔ‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I•]‰¿‚Å‚Í‘ŠŠÖ‚ª‚Æ‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B@

Nonetheless, the prospective substudy results regarding miscarriage risk were consistent with the nested study results.
‚µ‚©‚µ‚È‚ª‚çA‚±‚Ì‘OŒü‚«‚̃TƒuŒ¤‹†‚Å“¾‚ç‚ꂽ—¬ŽYƒŠƒXƒN‚́A‘¼‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Æ“¯‚¶Œ‹‰Ê‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

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‚P‚RDHatch‚̉Ɠd»•i‚Ə¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‰uŠw1998‚ÌŒ¤‹†@


ƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚̂݉¼–ó@@ì¬F‚Q‚O‚O‚R|‚U|‚P‚S@

˜_•¶–¼FAssociation between Chi1dhood Acute Lymphob1astic Leukemia and Use of E1ectrica1 App1iances during Pregnancy and Chi1dhood
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFE.E. Hatch et al;
ŒfÚŽGEpidemiology 1998;9:Z34-Z45

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As part of a comprehensive study of residential magnetic field exposure in nine mid-western and mid-Atlantic states, we evaluated the use of appliances by 640 patients with acute lymphoblastic Leukemia, O-14 years of age, diagnosed between 1989 and 1993, and 640 matched control children.

ƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚Ì9‚̏B‚ōs‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éZŠÂ‹«‰º‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎥ŠE–\˜I‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚̈êŠÂ‚Æ‚µ‚āAŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é“d‹C‹@Ší‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½B‹}«ƒŠƒ“ƒp«¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•ai‚`‚k‚kj‚ÌŠ³ŽÒ640–¼i1989”N‚©‚ç1993”N‚É‚©‚¯‚āA0-14Î‚Å”’ŒŒ•a‚ÆŽ‡f’f‚³‚ꂽƒP[ƒXj‚Æ640–¼‚̑ΏƂð‘ΏۂƂµ‚ÄŒ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½B

Mothers were interviewed regarding use of electrical appliances during their pregnancy with the subjects and the child's postnatal use.
Žq‹Ÿ‚Ì•êe‚ɃCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚µA”DPŠúŠÔ‚Ì“d‹C‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—pó‘ԁAŽq‹Ÿ‚Ì“d‹C‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—pó‘Ԃ𒲍¸‚µ‚½B

The risk of acute 1ymphoblastic leukemia was elevated in children whose mothers reported use of an electric blanket or mattress pad during pregnancy [odds ratio (OR) = 1.59; 95%confidence interval (CI) = 1.11-2.29] but was reduced for use of sewing machines during pregnancy (OR = O.76; 95% CI = 0.59-0.98).

•êe‚ª”DP’†‚É“d‹C–Ñ•z‚âƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚ƁA‚`‚k‚k‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚ª‘‘å‚·‚éAƒIƒbƒY”ä‚Í‚PD‚T‚Xi‚X‚T“‚b‚hF‚PD‚P‚P|‚QD‚Q‚XjB‚µ‚©‚µƒ~ƒVƒ“‚ÌŽg—p‚̓ŠƒXƒN‚ð‰º‚°‚Ä‚¢‚éAƒIƒbƒY”ä‚OD‚V‚Ui‚X‚T“‚b‚hF‚OD‚T‚X|‚OD‚X‚WjB

The risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia was Increased with children's use of electric blankets or mattress pad [0R = 2.75; 95%CI = 1.52-4.98) and three other electrical appliances (hair dryers, video machines in arcades, and video games connected to a television), but the patterns of risk for duration in years of use and frequency of use were inconsistent for most appliances used by children.

Žq‹Ÿ‚ª“d‹C–Ñ•z‚âƒ}ƒbƒgƒŒƒX‚ðŽg—p‚µ‚½ê‡‚Ì‚`‚k‚k‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚Í2.75”{i‚X‚T“‚b‚hF‚PD‚T‚Q|‚SD‚X‚Wj‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B‚»‚Ì‘¼‚Ì“d‹C‹@ŠíiƒwƒAƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ„AƒQ[ƒ€ƒZƒ“ƒ^[‚ł̃rƒfƒIƒQ[ƒ€A‰Æ’ë‚ł̃eƒŒƒrƒWƒ‡ƒ“‚ł̃rƒfƒIƒQ[ƒ€j‚àƒŠƒXƒN‚𑝉ÁA‚µ‚©‚µAŽg—p‚Ì•p“x‚âŽg—p”N”‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚Í–¾Šm‚Å‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Risks rose with increasing number of hours per day children spent watching television, but risks were similar regardless of the visual distance from the television.

Žq‹Ÿ‚ªƒeƒŒƒr‚ðŒ©‚éŽžŠÔ‚ª’·‚¢‚ƃŠƒXƒN‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éBƒeƒŒƒrƒWƒ‡ƒ“‚ÌŽ‹‹——£‚Í‹ß‚­‚ÅŒ©‚Ä‚àA—£‚ê‚Ä‚Ý‚Ä‚àƒŠƒXƒN‚Ì’ö“x‚Í“¯‚¶‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

The inconsistency in the dose-response patterns for many appliances, reporting and selection bias, and the lack of an effect for measured 60 Hertz magnetic fields or wire codes in our companion study must be considered before ascribing these associations to exposures from magnetic fields.

‘½‚­‚Ì‹@ŠíŽg—p‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é—ʁ\”½‰žŠÖŒW‚Ì•sŠm‚©‚³A‘I‘ðƒoƒCƒAƒXA‹@Ší‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ÌŽÀ‘ª‚ªˆ×‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚±‚ƂȂǂ́A‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚É‚Æ‚Á‚āA¡Œã‚̉ۑè‚Å‚ ‚éB

@‹»–¡‚Ì‚ ‚é•û‚ÍŒ´’˜‚ð“Ç‚ñ‚Å‚­‚¾‚³‚¢B

 

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‚P‚SDHatch‚̘_•¶‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚éNIH@Release 1998 ‰Æ“d»•i@

 

NIH News Release
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
@@National Cancer Institute
EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE@Monday, April 20, 1998@6:00 PM Eastern Time@NCI Press Office@(301) 496-6641

1998”N4ŒŽ20“ú@ƒAƒƒŠƒJE‘—§‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†Š@•ñ“¹”­•\

Magnetic Fields Associated With Electrical Appliances Are Considered
@Unlikely@To Increase the Risk of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚͏¬Ž™‹}«ƒŠƒ“ƒp«”’ŒŒ•a‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚·‚é‚Æ‚Í‚¢‚¦‚È‚¢B

Several investigators from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) released a report in the May issue of Epidemiology* concluding that it is unlikely that magnetic fields from household electrical appliances increase a child's chance of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
5
ŒŽ†‚̉uŠwŽ‚ɁA‘—§‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†Š‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚́A‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I‚É‚æ‚鏬Ž™”’ŒŒ•ai‹}«ƒŠƒ“ƒp«”’ŒŒ•aFALLj‚̃ŠƒXƒN‘‰Á‚́A‚ ‚è‚»‚¤‚à‚È‚¢A‚ÆŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚½”­•\i’‚Pj‚ðs‚Á‚½B

ALL accounts for 70 percent to 80 percent of all childhood leukemias and one-third of all childhood cancers in the United States.
ALL
‚͏¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•a‚Ì70-80%‚ðè‚߁A‚Ü‚½A‘S¬Ž™‚ªƒ“‚Ì3•ª‚Ì‚P‚ðè‚ß‚éB

Only a small percentage of cases of ALL have a known cause.
ALL
‚ÌŒ´ˆö‚́A‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‚í‚©‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

Beginning in 1979, some studies suggested that magnetic fields (EMFs) may increase the risk for ALL while others have found no evidence for risk.
‚P‚X‚V‚X”NˆÈ—ˆA‚ ‚錤‹†‚ÍŽ¥ŠEi“dŽ¥”gj‚ªALL‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚é‚ƁA‚Ü‚½ˆê•û‚Å‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ªƒŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Ø‹’‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚«‚½B

EMFs are produced by power lines, electrical wiring and household electrical appliances.
“dŽ¥ŠE‚́A‘—“düA”z“düA‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç•úŽË‚³‚ê‚éB

Researchers from NCI in collaboration with the Children's Cancer Group (CCG), a network of pediatric oncologists and other researchers across the U.S., published an earlier report** in July 1997 that showed little evidence that the EMF from high current power lines or from high levels of magnetic fields measured in the home were associated with an increased risk of ALL in children.

‘—§‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†Š‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚́A‘S•Ä‚̏¬Ž™‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†ŽÒ‚¨‚æ‚ÑŠÖ˜A‚·‚錤‹†ŽÒ‚̃lƒbƒgƒ[ƒN‚Å‚ ‚鏬Ž™‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†ƒOƒ‹[ƒviCCGj‚Æ‹¤‚ɁA1997”N7ŒŽ‚ÉŒ¤‹†¬‰Êi’‚Qj‚ð”­•\‚µ‚½B‚»‚ê‚́A‘—“dü‚©‚ç‚Ì“dŽ¥ŠE‚â‰Æ’ë‚Å‘ª’肳‚ꂽ‚‚¢Ž¥ŠE‹­“x‚͏¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ŠmØ‚Í‚È‚¢A‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB

The current study, also a collaboration between NCI and CCG, is the first large study of childhood ALL and electrical appliances.
‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚́A‘—§‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†Š‚ÆCCG‚Ì‹¦—͂ōs‚í‚ꂽAÅ‰‚́A‘å‹K–͂ȁA‰Æ“d»•i‚Ə¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚Ì’²¸‚Å‚ ‚éB

The researchers compared the exposure to household electrical appliances of 640 children diagnosed with ALL to the exposure of 640 matched controls
Echildren of the same age, race and place of residence without the disease. (The same cases and controls were used in the two NCI/CCG studies).
640
–¼‚ÌALL‚Ɛf’f‚³‚ꂽÇ—á‚ƁA”N—îE«EŽíEZ‹’nˆæ‚ðƒ}ƒbƒ`‚³‚¹‚½640–¼‚̑ΏƂɑ΂µ‚āA‰×“d»•i‚ÌŽg—pó‹µi”˜˜Ió‹µj‚ð”äŠr‚µ‚½B

The data are based on the mothers' responses to a detailed questionnaire about their appliance use during pregnancy as well as their child's use.
•êe‚ւ̃Cƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚É‚æ‚èA•êe‚̉Ɠd‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—pó‹µ‚ÆŽq‹Ÿ‚ÌŽg—pó‹µ‚ðA“üŽè‚µ‚½B

TVs, electric blankets, microwaves, hair dryers, stereo systems, heating pads and computers were some of the appliances included in the study.
ƒeƒŒƒrA“d‹C–Ñ•zA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒWAƒwƒAƒhƒ‰ƒCƒ„AƒXƒeƒŒƒIAƒpƒ\ƒRƒ“‚È‚Ç‚ª–{Œ¤‹†‚̑ΏۂƂȂÁ‚½B

No measurements were taken of magnetic fields associated with the actual appliances used.
ŽÀÛ‚ÌŽ¥ŠE˜R‰k‚Ȃǂ͍s‚í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

The authors were unable to draw a clear conclusion from the data.
Œ¤‹†ŽÒ‚Í‚±‚ê‚ç‚̃f[ƒ^‚©‚ç–¾Šm‚ÈŒ‹˜_‚ðo‚·‚±‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Although the data showed some association between appliance use and leukemia, there was no consistent pattern of increasing risk with increasing exposures.
‚¢‚­‚‚©‚Ì‹@ŠíŽg—p‚Í”’ŒŒ•a‚Æ‚ÌŠÖ˜A«‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚ªAŽg—pi”˜˜Ij‚Ì‘‰Á‚ƃŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘‰Á‚̈ê’肵‚½ŠÖ˜A«‚ª‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

The scientists speculate that the magnetic fields from electrical appliances are unlikely to increase the risk of childhood ALL.
Œ¤‹†ŽÒ‚́A‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ª¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚·‚é‚Æ‚ÍŽv‚¦‚È‚¢A‚Ɛ„‘ª‚µ‚½B

The contribution of home appliances to a person's total EMF exposure is thought to be small because most appliances are used for short periods of time and EMF exposures are elevated only close to the appliance.
‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚ªAŒÂl‚Ì‘SŽ¥ŠE–\˜I‚ɐè‚߂銄‡‚͏¬‚³‚¢‚ƍl‚¦‚ç‚ê‚éA‚È‚º‚È‚ç‚Γd‹C‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—p‚Í’ZŽžŠÔ‚Å‚ ‚èA‹@Ší‚ɋߐڂµ‚½ê‡‚É‚Ì‚Ý‘å‚«‚ÈŽ¥ŠE‚ðŽó‚¯‚é‚©‚ç‚Å‚ ‚éB

It is more difficult to assess the contribution of appliances to EMF exposures than that of power lines and building wiring.
‘—“dü‚â”z“dü‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I‚É”ä‚ׂāA‰Æ“d»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE–\˜I‚ÌŠñ—^—¦‚Ì•]‰¿‚͓‚¢B

This is because for each appliance, the magnetic field varies greatly with distance, and frequently neither the distance of the person from the appliance nor how often an appliance is on or off can be reconstructed accurately from interviews.
Ž¥ŠE‚Í‹@Ší‚Æ‚Ì‹——£‚Å‘å‚«‚­•Ï‚í‚èA‹@Ší‚Æ‚Ì‹——£‚¾‚¯‚Å‚Í‚È‚­A•p“x‚àˆÙ‚È‚éA“dŒ¹‚ð‚Ç‚Ì‚­‚ç‚¢ƒIƒ“EƒIƒt‚·‚é‚©‚ȂǁAƒCƒ“ƒ^ƒrƒ…[‚É‚æ‚éî•ñ‚©‚琳Šm‚É•]‰¿‚·‚邱‚Ƃ͍¢“ï‚Å‚ ‚éB

These preliminary findings are part of a more comprehensive study being conducted by the CCG looking for possible causes of childhood ALL.
‚±‚Ì—\”õ“I‚Ȑ¬‰Ê‚́A¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚ÌŒ´ˆö‰ð–¾‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÌCCG‚É‚æ‚Á‚č¡Œãs‚í‚ê‚é‚Å‚ ‚낤–{Ši“I‚ÈŒ¤‹†‚̈ꕔ‚Æ‚È‚éB

In the larger study, many risk factors other than EMF are being evaluated in more than 1,900 children diagnosed with ALL between 1989 and 1993.
1989
”N‚©‚ç1993”N‚É‚©‚¯‚ÄALL‚Ɛf’f‚³‚ꂽ1900–¼‚̏Ǘá‚ð‘ΏۂƂµ‚½‘å‹K–Í‚ÈŒ¤‹†‚ł́A“dŽ¥ŠEˆÈŠO‚̃ŠƒXƒN—vˆö‚à•]‰¿‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

These include exposures of children to infectious agents in the home or neighborhood, exposures of parents to radiation or chemicals at work, medications used by the mother during pregnancy, alcohol use, and lifestyle of the parents. Results are expected in two years.
‚±‚ê‚ç‚Ì—vˆö‚Æ‚µ‚āA‰Æ’ë‚â‹ß—ׂł̊´õ•ai“`õ•aj‚Ì—vˆöAe‚Ì•úŽËü‚âE‹Æ“I‚ȉ»Šw•¨Ž¿‚̉e‹¿A•êe‚Ì”DP’†‚̈ã–ò•i‚̉e‹¿AƒAƒ‹ƒR[ƒ‹ˆù—¿A—¼e‚̃‰ƒCƒtƒXƒ^ƒCƒ‹‚̉e‹¿‚È‚Ç‚Å‚ ‚èAŒ¤‹†‚Í“ñ”N“x‚É‚Ü‚Æ‚Ü‚é—\’è‚Å‚ ‚éB

For more information about cancer visit NCI's Website for patients, public and the mass media at http://rex.nci.nih.gov or NCI's main website at http://www.nci.nih.gov.
‚³‚ç‚ɏڍׂȏî•ñ‚͍‘—§‚ªƒ“Œ¤‹†Š‚ÌWEB‚ðŒ©‚Ä‚­‚¾‚³‚¢B

–––––––––––
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*The study is titled "Association Between Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Use of Electrical Appliances During Pregnancy and Childhood." The authors are Elizabeth E. Hatch, Martha S. Linet, et al:  Epidemiology, May 1998.

’‚QF
**The study is titled "Residential Magnetic Field Exposures and Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia." The authors are Martha S. Linet, Elizabeth E. Hatch
@et al: NEJM, July 3, 1997.

 

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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH   National Cancer Institute

For Response to Inquiries
@EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE
Monday, April 20, 1998
@6:00 PM Eastern Time
@NCI Press Office@(301) 496-6641

Questions and Answers
About the NCI/CCG Study of the Magnetic Fields Associated With
@Electrical Appliances and the Risk of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

7. What conclusions can be drawn from the results?
‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚©‚牽‚ª‚í‚©‚é‚©H

Although the results from this study are preliminary, the authors tentatively conclude that magnetic fields from electrical appliances are unlikely to increase the risk of childhood ALL.
‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Í—\”õ“I‚ÈŒ¤‹†‚Å‚ ‚èA’˜ŽÒ‚͉Ɠd»•i‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚͏¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚é‚Æ‚Í‚¢‚¦‚È‚¢A‚ð‰¼‚ÌŒ‹˜_‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Further detailed studies with measurements would be needed to determine whether the findings, if replicated, could represent any effects of magnetic field exposure.
‹@Ší‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE˜R‰k‚ÌŽÀ‘Ô’²¸‚àŠÜ‚ß‚½Ú×‚ȏ«—ˆ‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª•K—v‚Å‚ ‚éB
‚à‚µ‚»‚¤‚µ‚½Œ¤‹†‚ªs‚í‚ê‚ê‚΁AŽ¥ŠE‚̉e‹¿‚ª‚í‚©‚éB

This conclusion is based on several factors: A major factor is the failure to see a consistent pattern of increasing risk with increasing exposures for most of the appliances.

¡‰ñ‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÌŒ‹˜_‚É‚Í‚³‚Ü‚´‚Ü‚È—vˆö‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB‘å‚«‚È—vˆö‚́A‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‚Ì‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—piŽ¥ŠE”˜˜Ij‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āAŽg—piŽ¥ŠE–\˜Ij‚Ì‘‰Á‚ƃŠƒXƒN‚Ì‘‰Á‚Ɉê’è‚̃pƒ^[ƒ“‚ªŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚Å‚ ‚éB

In addition, the results for television were similar regardless of the child's distance from the TV, suggesting that other factors associated with TV use (not magnetic fields) may have been responsible for this result.
‰Á‚¦‚āAƒeƒŒƒrƒWƒ‡ƒ“‚Æ‚ÌŠÖŒW‚ł́AŽq‹Ÿ‚ªƒeƒŒƒr‚ðŒ©‚é‹——£‚Æ‚ÌŠÖ˜A‚ª‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚±‚ƂŁAŒ©‚é‹——£‚É‚æ‚Á‚ÄŽ¥ŠE‚Ì‘å‚«‚³‚͕ω»‚·‚é‚Í‚¸‚ŁAƒeƒŒƒr‚ðŒ©‚éiƒeƒŒƒr‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠEj‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚Å‚Í‚È‚­A‘¼‚Ì—vˆö‚ª‰B‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‰Â”\«‚ª‚ ‚éB

Preliminary findings from a small study that measured actual magnetic field levels at varying distances from TVs found that magnetic fields are nearly the same as
@background levels at distances of more than three or four feet from television sets.
ƒeƒŒƒrƒWƒ‡ƒ“ŽóM‹@‚©‚ç˜R‰k‚·‚鎥ŠE‚ðŽÀ‘ª‚µ‚½Œ¤‹†‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁AƒeƒŒƒr‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‚Í‚R‚È‚¢‚µ‚SƒtƒB[ƒg—£‚ê‚ê‚΁A”wŒi‚ÌŽ¥ŠE‹­“x‚Æ“¯‚¶ƒŒƒxƒ‹‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

As the proportion of US households with a television increased from 9 percent to 95 percent between 1950 and 1970, whereas there was no corresponding increase in childhood leukemia rates during this time period, suggesting that television watching is unlikely to be a causal factor.
ƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚É‚¨‚¯‚éƒeƒŒƒrƒWƒ‡ƒ“Žó‘œ‹@‚Ì•‹y—¦‚́A1950”N‚Ì9%‚©‚ç1970”N‚Ì95%‚Æ‘‰Á‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é¡
‚±‚Ì‘‰Á‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚µ‚﬎™”’ŒŒ•a‚Í‘‰Á‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚©‚çAƒeƒŒƒr‚ÌŽ‹’®‚ÍŒ´ˆö‚Æ‚È‚é—vˆö‚Æ‚ÍŽv‚¦‚È‚¢B@

Children's exposure to other electrical appliances has also increased dramatically over the last 50 years.
Žq‹Ÿ‚Ì‘¼‚Ì“dŽq‹@Ší‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ¥ŠE”˜˜I‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚àA‰ß‹Ž50”NŠÔA‚»‚ê‚ç‚Ì‹@Ší‚Ì•‹y—¦‚Ì‘‰Á‚Í’˜‚µ‚¢B

Finally, the companion study with the same cases and controls, failed to find consistent evidence based on measurements and wire coding (an indirect measure of magnetic fields based on the thickness, configuration, and distance from the home of nearby power lines) that high magnetic fields levels in the home (produced mainly by outside power lines) increase the risk for ALL.
ÅŒã‚ɁA‘¼‚̏Ǘá‘Ώƌ¤‹†‚́A‰Æ‚ÌŠO‚Ì“d—͐ü‚É‚æ‚é‰Æ’ë“à‚Ì‹­‚¢Ž¥ŠE–\˜I‚́AŽÀ‘ª’l‚Å‚àAƒƒCƒ„[ƒR[ƒh‚Å‚Ì•]‰¿‚Å‚àA¬Ž™”’ŒŒ•aALL‚̃ŠƒXƒN‚𑝉Á‚·‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Žñ”öˆêŠÑ‚µ‚½Ø‹’‚Í“¾‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

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March 29, 2013

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‚P‚V‚`DƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‹ÖŽ~‚̉\

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“dŽ¥”gŒ¤‰ï•ñE‘æ‚Q‚V†@2004.3.28”­s@‚ÉŒfÚ‚³‚ꂽ‹LŽ–
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ƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ð‹ÖŽ~
‹ÖŽ~‚Ì——R‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW’²—‚̐H•¨‚ðH‚ׂé‚ƃKƒ“‚É‚È‚è‚â‚·‚¢
‰p‘wƒGƒRƒƒWƒXƒgxŽ‚ª•ñ‚¶‚é

“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW(Microwave Oven)‚Í‚Æ‚Ä‚à“dŽ¥”g‚ð‹­‚­o‚·“d‹CŠí‹ï‚Å‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚Í’m‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·‚ªA‚»‚ꂾ‚¯‚Å‚È‚­“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚³‚ꂽH•¨‚ðH‚ׂĂàŠQ‚ª‚ ‚éA‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒVƒ‡ƒbƒLƒ“ƒO‚È“à—e‚ð‰p‘ŽwƒGƒRƒƒWƒXƒgx(2003”N11ŒŽ†)‚ª•ñ‚¶‚Ü‚µ‚½B

ƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í1976”N‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒWŽg—p‹ÖŽ~
ƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í1957”N‚©‚猻Ý‚Ü‚ÅŽå‚ɁAƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”gŒ¤‹†‚̓xƒ‰ƒ‹|ƒV‚̃NƒŠƒ“ƒXƒN(klinsk)‚É‚ ‚é–³ü‹ZpŒ¤‹†Š‚ōs‚È‚í‚ê‚Ä‚«‚Ü‚µ‚½B

•Ä‘‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ
ƒEƒBƒŠƒAƒ€EƒRƒbƒv(William Kopp)‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁AƒƒVƒA–@ˆãŠwƒ`|ƒ€‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̐l‘̂ւ̉e‹¿‚ðˆÈ‰º‚̂悤‚É‚Ý‚Ä‚¢‚Ü‚·B
(1)
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(4)
‰Á”M‚µ‚½“÷‚͐lŠÔ‚ªŠˆ“®‚·‚éã‚Å—LŒø‚ɍì—p‚·‚邪Aƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g’²—‚µ‚½“÷‚Í‚ª‚ñ‘£iˆöŽq¢‚„|ƒjƒgƒƒ\ƒWƒTƒmƒ‰ƒ~ƒ“£‚𑝉Á‚³‚¹‚éB
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(7)
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ˆÈã‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚©‚çAƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í1976”N‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÍŽg—p‚ª‹ÖŽ~‚³‚ê‚Ü‚µ‚½B
––––––––––––––––––––––––––

–‚³‚āA‚±‚̘b‚Í–{“–‚©A¡‚Å‚à‚»‚¤‚µ‚½‹K§‚ªƒƒVƒA‚ōs‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©EEEEE@ŠÖS‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚ªA‚È‚©‚È‚©ŠÖ˜A‚·‚éî•ñ‚Í“¾‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

‚µ‚©‚µA‚悤‚â‚­AˆÈ‰º‚̃TƒCƒg‚ŁAƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Ì‹K§ó‹µ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B
1
ŽŸî•ñ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚̂ŁA–{“–‚ɐM—Š‚µ‚Ä—Ç‚¢î•ñ‚È‚Ì‚©A”»’f‚É–À‚¤“_‚Í‚ ‚邪AŽQlî•ñ‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŒfÚ‚µ‚Ü‚·B
2011
”N8ŒŽ‚̏î•ñ‚Å‚·B

http://www.apparentlyapparel.com/2/post/2011/08/why-did-russia-ban-the-use-of-microwave-ovens.html
@‚̃TƒCƒg‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“à—e

–––––––––@@•”•ª“I‚Ɉø—p–––––––––––––––

Why Did Russia Ban The Use of Microwave Ovens?@‚È‚ºƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ª‹ÖŽ~‚³‚ꂽ‚Ì‚©H

08/18/2011

 

In Russia, microwave ovens were banned in 1976 because of their negative health consequences as many studies were conducted on their use.
The ban was lifted after Perestroika in the early 90
fs

 

ƒƒVƒAi‹Œƒ\˜Aj‚ł́A1976”N‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ª–@—¥‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä‹ÖŽ~‚³‚ê‚Ü‚µ‚½B
——R‚Í—lX‚ÈŒ¤‹†‚ÅŒ’N‚ɉA«Œ‹‰Êiˆ«‚¢Œ‹‰Êj‚ª”»‚Á‚½‚©‚ç‚Å‚·B

‚±‚Ì‹K§‚́A1990”N‘㏉“ª‚̃yƒŒƒXƒgƒƒCƒJŒã‚É‰ðœ‚³‚ꂽB
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚ƂŁA‚Æ‚è‚ ‚¦‚¸‚̓ƒVƒA‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‹K§‚Í‰ðœ‚³‚ꂽA‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚Ì—l‚Å‚·B


’Ç‹L1FƒƒVƒAŒê”ÅWikipedia‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì•Å‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“à—e‚©‚ç
2016-2-27

ˆÈ‰º‚̓ƒVƒAŒê”Å‚ÌWikipeida‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì•Å‚©‚çA‹@ŠB‰p–󂵁A‚»‚ê‚ð˜a–󂵂Ă ‚è‚Ü‚·B

–––––––––––––––
25 on October 1955 the year the American company «Tappan Company» for the first time introduced a domestic microwave oven.
1955
”N10ŒŽ25“úAƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚̉ïŽÐTappan‚ª‰Æ’ë—p“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ð‰‚ß‚ÄŽsê“Š“ü‚µ‚½B

The first serial domestic microwave oven was released Japanese firm Sharp in 1962. Initially, the new product demand has been low.
Å‰‚́AŒp‘±‚µ‚Ä”„‚ç‚ꂽ‰Æ’ë—p“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Æ‚µ‚āA1962”N‚É“ú–{‚̃Vƒƒ[ƒv‚ª”Ì”„ŠJŽn‚µ‚½‚ªA‚±‚̐V»•i‚ÌŽù—v‚Í’á‚©‚Á‚½B

In the Soviet Union since the early '80s microwaves produced in factories ZIL (model "ZIL") and Southern Machine Building Plant (model "Mriya CF"). Tambov plant "Elektropribor" ("Electronics" model): Dnipro Machine Building Plant, Lenin (DMZ) produced "Dnepryanka1" (1990, 32 liters, the magnetron M1051, the power consumption of 1300 watts, the microwave power is 600 watts, weight 41kg, the price of 350 rubles) and "Dnepryanka 2".
ƒ\ƒrƒGƒg˜A–M‚ł́A1980”N‘ã‚̏‰“ª‚ɁAZILHê‚ªZILŒ^“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ðA“ì‹@ŠB»‘¢Hê‚ªMriya CFŒ^“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚𐻑¢ŠJŽn‚µ‚½B
Tanbov
Hê‚́uElektropriborv‚ðADnipro‹@ŠB»‘¢H‹Æ‚̃Œ[ƒjƒ“Hê(DMZ)‚ªDnepryanka1i1990”NA32ƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹Aƒ}ƒOƒlƒgƒƒ“‚ÍM1051Œ`AÁ”ï“d—Í1300WAƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”go—Í600WAd—Ê41kgA‰¿Ši‚Í350ƒ‹[ƒuƒ‹j‚ÆDnepryanka 2‚𐻑¢‚µ‚½B
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

ƒ\˜A‚̃yƒŒƒXƒgƒƒCƒJ‚ƌĂ΂ê‚é‰üŠv‰^“®‚́AƒSƒ‹ƒoƒ`ƒ‡ƒt‚É‚æ‚Á‚āA1985”NˆÈ~‚ɍs‚í‚ê‚Í‚¶‚߁A1987”N‚̃ƒVƒAŠv–½70Žü”N‚ð‹L”O‚·‚éŒRŽ–ƒpƒŒ[ƒh‚ŁAƒyƒŒƒXƒgƒƒCƒJ‚ª‘å‚«‚­Žæ‚èã‚°‚ç‚ꂽB

]‚Á‚āAƒƒVƒAŒê”ÅWikipeida‚Ì‹Lq‚ª³‚µ‚¢‚Æ‚·‚ê‚΁Aƒ\˜A‚̃yƒŒƒXƒgƒƒCƒJ‚ªŽn‚܂鏭‚µ‘O‚Ì1980”N‘㏉“ª‚É‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ª»‘¢‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½‚±‚Æ‚É‚È‚éB

u1976”N‚ɃƒVƒA‚Å“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‹ÖŽ~AƒyƒŒƒXƒgƒƒCƒJˆÈ~‚É‹ÖŽ~‚ª‰ðœ‚³‚ꂽv‚Æ‚¢‚¤à‚ɂ́A–µ‚‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚éB


–’Ç‹L2F@ƒ\˜A‚Ì–@‹K§‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚Æ‚·‚éƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚̐ê–å‰Æ‚Ì’²¸Œ‹‰Ê

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ˆÈ‰º‚̓AƒƒŠƒJ‚̃}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錤‹†Š‚̃tƒH[ƒ‰ƒ€‚É‚ ‚Á‚½î•ñ‚ŁAê–å‰Æ‚ª‰ß‹Ž‚Ì—š—ð‚©‚ç”»’f‚µ‚āAƒƒVƒA‚ª“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ðs‚Á‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤‰\‚͐^ŽÀ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

https://impiorg.wordpress.com/2012/06/13/did-russia-ban-microwave-ovens-at-some-point-in-the-past/@
‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“à—e‚ɉ¼–ó‚ð’ljÁ‚µ‚½B

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impiorg
INTERNATIONAL MICROWAVE POWER INSTITUTE
ʹS FORUM FOR MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGY DISCUSSION
ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‹Zp‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é“¢˜_‚ׂ̈̍‘Ûƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g“d—ÍŒ¤‹†Š‚̃tƒH[ƒ‰ƒ€

Did Russia ban microwave ovens at some point in the past?
ƒƒVƒA‚͉ߋŽ‚Ì‚ ‚鎞Šú‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ð–@‹K§‚µ‚½‚©H

2/27/2016

There Was No Ban on Microwave Ovens in the USSR.
ƒ\˜A‚Å‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

In the last issue, Bob Schiffmann stated that the
gRussians did for some short period of time ban the sale of microwave ovensh.
‘O†‚ÅBob Schiffmann‚́uƒƒVƒA‚Å‚Í‚ ‚é’ZŠúŠÔ‚̊ԁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̔̔„‚ð–@‹K§‚µ‚½v‚Əq‚ׂĂ¢‚éB

I believe this is not true and in the following I present ample evidence supporting my belief.
Ž„‚́A‚±‚ê‚͐^ŽÀ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ƐM‚¶‚Ä‚¢‚éB‚»‚µ‚Ĉȉº‚ÉŽ„‚ÍŽ„‚ªM‚¸‚é\•ª‚ÈŠmØ‚ðŽ¦‚·B

I have been intimately involved with microwave ovens since 1968 and I have in my extensive historical coverage of the field cited evidence of development of microwave ovens in the USSR in the 1970
fs, including a brochure on gA super-high‑frequency ovenh in 1971, an ad for the gElectronikah oven in 1980 and discussions with Soviet scientists on ovens in 1977.
Ž„‚Í1968”NˆÈ—ˆAS‚Ì’ê‚©‚ç“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚©‚©‚í‚Á‚Ä‚«‚½B
‚»‚µ‚āA1970”N‘ã‚̃\˜A‚É‚¨‚¯‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì”­“W‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ĉø—p‚³‚ê‚éŠmØ‚̍L”͂ȉߋŽ‚Ì‹L˜^‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚»‚ê‚ɂ́A1971”N‚Ì’´‚Žü”g“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̍ûŽq‚âA1980”N‚ÌElectronika‚Æ‚¢‚¤“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̍LA1977”N‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ă\˜A‚̉ȊwŽÒ‚Æ‚Ì“¢˜_‚Ì‹L˜^‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

But the evidence is even much more extensive and so I present here a record of the many events that support the idea that microwave ovens never were banned in the USSR.
‚±‚ê‚ç‚ÌŠmØ‚Í‚æ‚èL”Í‚Å‚ ‚邪Aƒ\˜A‚É’u‚¢‚Ä“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ªŒˆ‚µ‚Ä–@‹K§‚³‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ðŽ¦‚·‘½‚­‚̏o—ˆŽ–‚Ì‹L˜^‚ð‚±‚±‚ÉŽ¦‚·B

Key events:
@d—v‚È—v‘f

 

1969: Dr Karel Marha, of Czechoslovakia, presents paper at the 1969 Richmond symposium on microwave bio-effects and visits Raytheon Co.

1969”NFƒ`ƒFƒRƒXƒƒoƒLƒA‚ÌKarel Marha”ŽŽm‚́A1969”Nƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚郊ƒbƒ`ƒ‚ƒ“ƒhƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚ōu‰‰‚µARaytheonŽÐ‚ð–K–₵‚½B

‚ge prepared an affidavit that describes how leakage radiation is monitored near microwave ovens in Czechoslovakia, at a horizontal distance of at least 25 cm. from the oven door and at the height of the head and gonads.
”ނ́Aƒ`ƒFƒRƒXƒƒoƒLƒA‚É‚¨‚¯‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚©‚ç‚Ì“dŽ¥”g˜R‰k‚ª”@‰½‚ÉŠÇ—‚̃hƒA‚©‚琅•½25cm‚Ì‹——£‚ƁA“ª•”‚Ɛ¶BŠí‚̍‚‚³‚Łj‚ɂ‚¢‚Đ鐾‹Ÿq‘‚ð€”õ‚µ‚½B‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©i“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW

He contributes a paper describing safety considerations in
gEastern Europeh for the special issue of the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory & Techniques in 1971 for which I was guest editor.
No mention of bans ever came from Dr. Marha.
”Þ‚Í1971”N‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽIEEE‚ÌTransactions on Microwave Theory & TechniquesŽ‚Ì“ÁW†‚ŁA“Œ‰¢”‘‚̈À‘SŠÇ—‚ɂ‚¢‚āA‹Lq‚µ‚½B
Ž„‚Í‚±‚̍†‚Ì‹qˆõ•ÒWŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚Å‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

1973: At the IMPI symposium in Loughborough, in the U.K. there were extensive discussions on the safety of microwave ovens and Dr. P. Czerski, of Poland agreed with me at the podium that the U.S.
gemission standardh for microwave ovens was compatible with exposure standards in Eastern Europe, and therefore there was no reason why ovens with leakage limits as in the U.S. would not be acceptable in the Eastern European countries..

1973”NF‰p‘‚ÌLoughborough‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽIMPIƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚ŁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̈À‘S«‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éL”Í‚È‹c˜_‚ªs‚í‚ꂽB
’dã‚Ń|[ƒ‰ƒ“ƒh‚ÌP. Czerski”ŽŽm‚́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌçtŽË‹KŠi‚Í“Œ‰¢”‘‚Ì”˜˜IŠî€‚Æ“™‰¿‚Å‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āAŽ„‚ƈӌ©‚̈ê’v‚ð‚Ý‚½B
‚»‚µ‚āAƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌçtŽËŠî€‚ª“Œ‰¢”‘‚Ŏ󂯓ü‚ê‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢——R‚Í‚È‚¢A‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½B

These views were also included in a symposium in Poland which Dr. P. Czerski chaired. My contact with Dr. Czerski was extensive including a visit by him to my home with many hours of stimulating discussions.
‚±‚ÌŒ©Ž¯‚ÍP. Czerski”ŽŽm‚ª‹c’·‚𖱂߂½ƒ|[ƒ‰ƒ“ƒh‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚Å‚àÐ‰î‚³‚ꂽB
Ž„‚ÆP. Czerski”ŽŽm‚̘A—‚͍L”͂ɂ킽‚èAŽ„‚̉Ƃɔނª—ˆ‚āA‰½ŽžŠÔ‚à‚̈ӌ©ŒðŠ·‚ðs‚Á‚½‚肵‚Ä‚¢‚éB

1976: IMPI symposium in Belgium
no reports of a ban on microwave ovens in the USSR.
1976
”NFƒxƒ‹ƒM[‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽIMPIƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚ŁAƒ\˜A‚É‚¨‚¯‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

1970
fs: In the world of international frequency allocations it is known that in the USSR there is the ISM band at 2.375 GHz for microwave ovens. But at the 1979 World Administrative Conference the USSR agreed to move the ISM band to 2.45 GHz making the 2.45 GHz band recognized throughout the world.
1970
”N‘ãF‘ÛŽü”g””z•ª‚Ì‹Æ–±‚Ì’†‚ŁAƒ\˜A‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ׂ̈É2.375GHz‚ðISMƒoƒ“ƒh‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŽg—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½B
‚»‚µ‚āA1979”N‚̐¢ŠE–³üŠÇ—’¡‰ï‹ciBEMSJ’FŠe‘‚ÅŽg—p‚·‚é–³üŽü”g”‚Ì”z•ª‚ðŒˆ‚ß‚é‰ï‹cj‚ŁAƒ\˜A‚Í2.45GHz‚𐢊E‹¤’Ê‚ÌISMƒoƒ“ƒh‚Ɉڍs‚·‚邱‚Ƃɍ‡ˆÓ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

1977: At the IMPI symposium (I believe in Minneapolis) I had extensive discussions with Drs. Los and Dumansky from the Ukraine. No mention of any ban on ovens.
1977
”NFƒ~ƒlƒAƒ|ƒŠƒX‚ÅŠJÃ‚Æ‹L‰¯‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邪AIMPIƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚ÅŽ„‚̓EƒNƒ‰ƒCƒi‚©‚ç‚«‚½Los”ŽŽm‚ÆDumansky”ŽŽm‚ƍL”͂Ȉӌ©ŒðŠ·‚ðs‚Á‚½‚ªA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ă͉½‚à˜_‹y‚ª–³‚©‚Á‚½B

1977; 1979; At conferences on microwave bioeffects in Airlie , Virginia and Seattle, WA extensive discussions are held with scientists and engineers from the USSR and no hint of an oven ban is ever mentioned.
1977
”N‚Æ1979”NFƒo[ƒWƒjƒAB‚ÅŠJÃA‚Ü‚½ƒƒVƒ“ƒgƒ“B‚̃VƒAƒgƒ‹‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ÌŒ’N‰e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‰ï‹c‚ŁAƒ\˜A‚©‚ç‚«‚½‰ÈŠwŽÒ‚Æ‹ZpŽÒ‚ƍL”͂Ȉӌ©‚ÌŒðŠ·‚ðs‚Á‚½‚ªA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚é‚悤‚Șb‚ÍŠF–³‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

~1980: I had extensive discussions with a celebrated engineer, who had defected from the USSR, on microwave technology in the USSR
both at Raytheon and in Washington, D. C. where he lived.no mention of a ban on ovens.
1980
”NˆÈ~Fƒ\˜A‚©‚ç—£’E‚µ‚½—L–¼‚È‹ZpŽÒ‚ƁAƒŒƒCƒZƒIƒ“ŽÐ‚ŁA‚Ü‚½”Þ‚ªZ‚ñ‚Å‚¢‚½ƒƒVƒ“ƒgƒ“‚c‚b‚ŁAŽ„‚͍L”͂Ȉӌ©‚ÌŒðŠ·‚ðs‚Á‚½‚ªA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA‰½‚ç‚̘_‹y‚à‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

1980
fs the presentFI attended many meetings of the Bioelectromagnetics Society where scientists from Eastern Europe were often present. Never did I hear about a ban on microwave ovens.
1980
”N‘ã‚©‚猻Ý‚܂ŁFŽ„‚Í“Œ‰¢”‘‚©‚ç‚̉ȊwŽÒ‚ªŽQ‰Á‚·‚鐶‘Ì“dŽ¥”gŠw‰ï‚ÌŠô‘½‚̉‚ɏoÈ‚µ‚½‚ªA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA‰½‚à•·‚­‚±‚Æ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

~1995: At both the IMPI symposium and a conference on crossed-field tubes at the University of Michigan there was evidence of microwave oven development in Russia but no mention of a ban.
1995
”NˆÈ~Fƒ~ƒVƒKƒ“‘åŠw‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽŒð·“dŽ¥ŠEŒ^^‹óŠÇ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éIMPIƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚Ɖï‹c‚Ì—¼•û‚ŁAƒƒVƒA‚É‚¨‚¯‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì”­“W‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚ªA–@‹K§‚ɂ͐G‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

1968 the present; I have attended almost all of the IMPI symposia. Even though many of the attendees are from Europee.g. Per Risman, never have I heard at an IMPI meeting the rumor that ovens were banned in the USSR.
1968
”N‚©‚猻Ý‚܂ŁFŽ„‚Í–w‚Ç‘S‚Ä‚ÌIMPIƒVƒ“ƒ|ƒWƒEƒ€‚ÉŽQ‰Á‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
Per Risman
‚Ȃǂ̉¢B‚©‚ç‚Í‘½”‚ÌŽQ‰ÁŽÒ‚ª‚ ‚邪AIMPI‚̉‚Ń\˜A‚ª“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ðs‚Á‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤‰\‚́A‚Ü‚Á‚½‚­•·‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

1980
fs to the present; Many contacts with representatives of magnetron suppliers in Russia, including Istok/Svetlana; with no mention of an oven ban
1980
”N‚©‚猻Ý‚܂ŁFIstok/Svetlana‚È‚Ç‚ðŠÜ‚ÞƒƒVƒA‚̃}ƒOƒlƒgƒƒ“»‘¢‰ïŽÐ‚Ì‘ã•\‚ÆŠô‘½‚̐ڐG‚ª‚ ‚邪A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚É‚ÍŒ¾‹y‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

In addition to my experience I asked two people who visited the USSR many times in the last 40 years and they both report never hearing of a ban on microwave ovens while in the USSR
cf. Prof. A.W. Guy who made at least 12 trips and Ric Tell (of EPA fame) who made several trips.
Ž„‚ÌŒoŒ±‚ɉÁ‚¦‚āAŽ„‚́A‰ß‹Ž40”NŠÔ‚ɂ킽‚Á‚Đ”‘½‚­ƒ\˜A‚ð–K–₵‚Ä‚¢‚é2–¼‚Ì•û‚É•·‚¢‚½‚ªA—¼–¼‹¤‚Ƀ\˜A‚Å“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ªs‚í‚ꂽ‚±‚Æ‚Í•·‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚Æ•ñ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éAGuy‹³Žö‚͏­‚È‚­‚Æ‚à12‰ñATellŽ‚Í‘½‚­‚̉ñ”Aƒ\˜A‚ɍs‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

As cited above, we in Raytheon were able to procure and test the
gElectronikah oven. It operated at 2.45 GHz and showed leakage values between 0.5 and 1.0 mW/cm2i.e. good enough to pass the FDA emission standard even though never legally processed for imports. It is interesting to read the ad (translation) for this oven in the Russian gEconomic Newsh in the Spring of 1980.
ˆÈã‚ɏq‚ׂ½‚悤‚ɁA‰äX‚̓AƒƒŠƒJ‚̃ŒƒCƒZƒIƒ“‚É‹‚āAƒ\˜A»‚ÌElectronika‚Æ‚¢‚¤“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ðw“ü‚Å‚«A‚©‚ÂŽŽŒ±‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚½B
‚»‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Í2.45GHz‚Å“®ì‚µA˜R‰k“dŽ¥”g‚Í0.5‚©‚ç1.0mw/cm2 ‚ÌŠÔ‚É‚ ‚Á‚½B
‚±‚Ì’l‚́AƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌFDA‚Ì‹KŠi‚ɍ‡’v‚µA—A“ü‚ð–@“I‚ɍ·‚µŽ~‚߂邱‚Æ‚Í‚È‚¢ƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B
1980”Nt†‚̃ƒVƒA‚̐V•·uEconomic Newsv‚ÉŒfÚ‚³‚ꂽ‚±‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‹LŽ–‚ð“Ç‚Þ‚±‚Æ‚Í‹»–¡[‚¢B
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––


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2jHertel‚ÌŽÀŒ±‚Ì•ñFHertel‚ç1992”NJournal Franz Weber‹LŽ–
‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚P‚U

Hartel
‚Æ‹¤“¯Œ¤‹†ŽÒBernald H. Blanc‚ª1992”N‚É”­s‚³‚ꂽŽGŽJournal Franz WeberiƒXƒCƒX‚Å”­sAƒhƒCƒcŒê”łƃtƒ‰ƒ“ƒXŒê”Å‚µ‚©‚È‚¢B¸“Ç•t‚«‚ÌŠwpŽGŽ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢Bj‚ɁgVergleichende Untersuchungen über die Beeinflussung des Menschen durch konventionell und im Mikrowellenofen aufbereitete Nahrungh‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_•¶‚Å‚Í‚È‚­‹LŽ–‚ð‘‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éB
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Journal Franz Weber
‚Ì1992”N”­s@No.19‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹LŽ–‚ª‚ ‚éB
“–ŠY‚Ì•Å‚¾‚¯‚̉摜ƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚́@‚±‚¿‚ç‚Ɂ@
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“üŽè‚µ‚½‰æ‘œƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚©‚çOCR‚ŃeƒLƒXƒg‰»‚µAƒhƒCƒcŒê‚ð‹@ŠB‰p–󂵁ABEMSJ‚ª‰p–ó‚ðŒ³‚É˜a–󂵂½B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Der vollständige Rapport der Untersuchung
=The full report of the investigation
=
’²¸‚Ì‘S•¶

Vergleichende Untersuchungen über die Beeinflussung des Menschen
@durch konventionell und im Mikrowellenofen aufbereitete Nahrung
= Comparative studies on the influence of the people through food prepared in the microwave oven and conventional
=
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚Ə]—ˆ‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚élX‚ւ̉e‹¿‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é”äŠrŒ¤‹†

Prof. Bernard H. Blanc, Institut für Biochemie an der Eidgenösschen Techmschen Hochschule, 1015 Lausanne
und
Dr. Hans U. Hertel, Umweltbiologische Forschung und Beratung, 3135 Wattenwil

1.
@Einleitung
1. Introduction
1. ‚Í‚¶‚ß‚É

Seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt finden Mikrowellenöfen - anfänglich im den USA, heute auch in Europa - zunehmend Verwendung für die Aufbereitung von Nahrung im Restaurationsbetrieb, aber auch im privaten Haushalt.
= For more than a decade, microwave ovens - find initially in the United States, today also in Europe - increasingly use for the preparation of food in the restaurant operation, but also in the private household.
=
\”NˆÈã‚ɂ킽‚Á‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒWi“–‰‚̓AƒƒŠƒJ‡O‘‚ÅŽg—p‚³‚êŽn‚߁A¡“ú‚ł̓ˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚Å‚àŽg—p‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éj‚̓ŒƒXƒgƒ‰ƒ“‚ł̐HÞ‚Ì’²—‚ÉŽg—p‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‘‚¦A‚³‚ç‚ɁAŒÂl‚̉ƒë‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä‚à‚µ‚©‚è‚Å‚ ‚éB

Verkürzung und Vereinfachung der Mahlzeitenzubereitung, Bequemlichkeit und verminderte Kosten für die Elektrizitat dienen als Verkaufsargumente.
Shortening and simplifying the meal preparation, convenience and reduced costs for the electricity used as selling points.
’ZŽžŠÔ‚ŁAŠÈ’P‚ɐHŽ–‚̏€”õ‚ª‚Å‚«A—˜•Ö«‚Æ“d‹C—¿‹à‚̐ߖñ‚Í‹@Ší‚̃Z[ƒ‹ƒXƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒg‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Zahlreiche Kochbücher sind zur unterstützung dieser Kochtechnik und der Verkäufe solcher öfen entstanden und sorgen zusammen mit wissenschaftlichen Empfehlungen für deren zunehmende Verbreitung.
Numerous Cookbooks are created to support this cooking technique and the sales of such stoves and ensure their growth together with scientific recommendations.
=
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‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜•¶‚©‚çŽn‚Ü‚èAƒhƒCƒcŒê‚Å5ƒy[ƒW‚ɂ킽‚Á‚āA—lX‚È‚±‚Æ‚ª‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
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ˆÈ‰º‚̉ӏŠ‚¾‚¯‚ð–|–󂵂Ă݂½B

4
@Analysen und Beobachtungen  an den verschiedenen@Nahrungsmittel-Varianten
4 FAnalysis and observations on the different food
4F‚³‚Ü‚´‚܂ȐH•i‚Ì•ªÍ‚ÆŠÏŽ@

4.1
@Die Milch
4.1@ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN

Die im Mikrowellenofen aufgekochte
@Milch änderte sich somit in einigen wesentlichen Kriterien, nämlich (siehe Tabelle l ):
The milk boiled in a microwave oven changed thus in some essential criteria, namely (see table l):
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ń~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð‰Á”M‚µ‚½‚ç‚¢‚­‚‚©‚Ì—v‘f‚ª•Ï‰»‚µ‚½Ad—v‚È—v‘f‚ð•\1‚ÉŽ¦‚·B

Talle 1 - Die 4 Milch-Varianten
= table 1 - the 4 milk options
=
•\1F 4Ží‚Ì‹“û‚̕ω»

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4.0

4.1

4.0

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3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

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524,000

520,000

540,000

523,000

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67.9

67.2

74.1

91.9

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0.99

0.71

1.05

0.92

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1,000

1,300

1,200

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18.2

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58.0

46.0

48.0

42.0

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6.16

6.14

6.20

6.30

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6.75

6.73

6.72

6.72

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7.70

4.60

7.70

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5.04

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0.004

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‚Æ‚è‚ ‚¦‚¸AHertel‚ç‚͐HŽ–‚Å‚Ì8–¼‚ÌŽÀŒ±‚Ì‘¼‚ɁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̃~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”M‚É‚æ‚é•Ï«‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āA‰½‚ç‚©‚̒萫“I‚ÈŽÀŒ±‚͍s‚¢A‰½‚ç‚©‚̃f[ƒ^‚ÍŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB


3
jHertel‚ç‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ðƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚̃Wƒƒ[ƒiƒŠƒXƒg‚ª•ñ“¹

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The
@Journal of Natural Science‚Ì Vol.2 No.4 1999@‚Ɉȉº‚Ì‹LŽ–‚ªŒfÚ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FMicrowave Ovens:@A Hazard to Health@ALARMING RESULTS OF A SCIENTIFIC STUDY
•MŽÒFDr. Hans U. Hertel@Bern, Switzerland

‚±‚ÌŽGŽ‚Ì“–ŠY‚̃y[ƒW‚ð“üŽè‚µ‚½B@‚±‚¿‚ç‚É
ŠÖS‚Ì‚ ‚é•û‚́A“–ŠY‚̃y[ƒW‚ð“Ç‚ñ‚Å‚­‚¾‚³‚¢B@‰p•¶‚Å‚·B

‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚Ì’†‚É‚Í
EHartel‚́A1980”N‘ã‚̏I‚í‚è‚ɁAƒ[ƒUƒ“ƒX‘åŠw‚Æ‹¤“¯‚ÅŒ¤‹†‚ð‚â‚낤‚Æ‚µ‚½BSwiss National FunduƒXƒCƒX‘‰ÆŒ¤‹†Šî‹à‚Æ‚Å‚à–󂷁Hv‚́Au‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Í•s—v‚Å‚ ‚év‚Æ‚µ‚āAŽ‘‹à‚Ì’ñ‹Ÿ‚Í‚È‚­A’ÇŽŽ‚Ȃǂ͍s‚¦‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

E1992”N‚ɁAHartel‚ÍJournal Franz Weber‚É‹LŽ–‚ð‘‚¢‚½B‚±‚Ì‹LŽ–‚́u‰ÈŠw“I‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢v‚Ɣᔻ‚³‚ꂽB‚µ‚©‚µA•MŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚éHartel‚́u“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚͊댯‚Å‚ ‚év‚ƐM‚¶‚Ä‚¢‚éB

EHartel‚ç‚̍s‚Á‚½HŽ–‚ÌŽÀŒ±‚ɂ́A‚R–¼‚Ì’j«‚ƁA5–¼‚̏—«‚ªŽQ‰Á‚µ‚½B
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5
jHertel‚ÌŽÀŒ±‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é˜_•]
https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-the-dangers-of-microwave-ovens.t1288/
‚ɂ͈ȉº‚̏î•ñ‚ª‚ ‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––
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EŒ¤‹†ŽÒHertel‚̓f[ƒ^‚ð’ñŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢
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6
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ˆÈ‰º‚̏î•ñ‚à‚ ‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––
Hertel
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Hertel
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1998
”N8ŒŽAƒXƒCƒX‚̍ٔ»Š‚Ì”»Œˆ‚̓Xƒgƒ‰ƒXƒuƒ‹ƒO‚̉¢BlŒ Ù”»Š‚Ì”»Œˆ‚ŁAu•\Œ»‚ÌŽ©—R‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錠—˜v‚ª”F‚ß‚ç‚ê‚āA‚ЂÁ‚­‚è•Ô‚³‚ꂽB
‰¢BlŒ Ù”»Š‚́AƒXƒCƒX­•{‚ÍHertel‚ɍٔ»”ï—p‚ð•â“U‚·‚éˆ×‚É4–œƒXƒCƒXƒtƒ‰ƒ“‚ðŽx•¥‚¤‚±‚Ƃ𖽂¶‚½B

––––––––––––––––––––––––––

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http://www.iidh.ed.cr/comunidades/libertadexpresion/docs/le_europeo/hertel%20v.%20switzerland.htm
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‚±‚Ì”»Œˆ‚́A•\Œ»‚ÌŽ©—R‚ª”F‚ß‚ç‚ꂽ‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚Á‚āAHartel‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª³‚µ‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ð”F‚ß‚½‚à‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B

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‚Ü‚½Aƒyƒ“ƒVƒ‹ƒoƒjƒAB—§‘åŠw‚̃}ƒhƒŒ[ƒkEƒVƒOƒ}EƒOƒ‰ƒ“ƒg‚́Au’ቷó‘Ԃ̃Tƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚É‚¨‚¯‚郊ƒ]ƒ`[ƒ€‚ƖƉuR‘̂̒ቺ‚́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä•”•ª“I‚ɐ¶‚¶‚½ÛŽ‚U‚O“xˆÈã‚̉·“x‚Ì”M‚ð’P‚É”½‰f‚µ‚½‚¾‚¯‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚Í–{—ˆ“I‚ɂނ炪‚ ‚èAƒJ[ƒi[‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚̂悤‚É‚S‚‚ŒˆÈ‰º‚̗ʂŃeƒXƒg‚µ‚½ê‡‚ɂ͐³‚µ‚¢Œ‹‰Ê‚ð—\‘ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢v

––––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚±‚ŏЉ‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éƒNƒƒ“‚ÌŒ´˜_•¶‚͈ȉº‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Å‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽFPediatrics Vol.89 No. 4 April 1992
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FEffects of Microwave Radiation on Anti-Infective Factors in Human Milk
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFR. Quan, J. A. kerner JR et al:

Abstract
In intensive care nurseries it has become common practice to use microwave thawing of frozen human milk for more rapid accessibility.
W’†“I‚ÈŠÅŒì‚É‚¨‚¢‚āA‹Ù‹}‘Ήž‚ׂ̈ɗⓀ‚µ‚½•ê“û‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnñ“š‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ªˆê”Ê“I‚É‚È‚Á‚Ä‚«‚½B

Twenty-two freshly frozen human milk samples were tested for lysozyme activity, total IgA, and specific secretory
•ª”å‚Ì IgA to Escherichia coli serotypes 01, 04, and 06.
22
‚̐V‘N‚È•ê“û‚ÅŽÀŒ±‚ðs‚¢AƒŠƒ]ƒ`[ƒ€Šˆ«A‘å’°‹ÛiŒŒ´Œ^01D04D06j‚ɑ΂·‚é“ÁˆÙ“I•ª”å‚ÌIg A‚Æ‘SIgA‚𒲂ׂ½B

The samples were heated by microwave for 30 seconds at a low- or high-power setting and then reanalyzed.
ƒTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å30•bŠÔA’ቷ‚ƍ‚‰·‚ɐݒ肵A‰Á”MŒã‚ɉðÍ‚ðs‚Á‚½B

One-mL aliquots of 10 additional human milk samples were microwaved at low (20 degrees C to 25 degrees C), medium (60 degrees C to 70 degrees C), and high (greater than or equal to 98 degrees C) setting before the addition to each of 1 mL of diluted E coli suspension.
Še1ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚É•ªŠ„‚µ‚½•”•ª•W–{10–{‚Ì•ê“ûƒTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚ðA’ቷi20-25ŽjA’†‰·i60-70ŽjA‚‰·i98ŽˆÈãj‚ɐݒ肵‚½“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µA‚»‚ÌŒã‚É1ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚Ì‘å’°‹Û¬‘÷‰t‚ð‰Á‚¦‚½B

E coli growth was determined after 3 1/2 hours of incubation at 37 degrees C.
‘å’°‹Û‚̔ɐBó‹µ‚Í37“x‚Ì”|—{Ší‚Å3.5ŽžŠÔ”|—{‚µ‚½Œã‚ɁA’²‚ׂ½B

Microwaving at high temperatures (72 degrees C to 98 degrees C) caused a marked decrease in activity of all the tested anti-infective factors.
‚‰·i72-98Žj‚ɐݒ肵‚½“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡A‘S‚Ă̍RŠ´õ—vˆö‚ÌŠˆ«‚ªŒ¸­‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½B

E coli growth at greater than or equal to 98 degrees C was 18 times that of control human milk.
98
ŽˆÈã‚̍‚‰·Ý’肵‚½“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡A‘ΏƂ̕ê“û‚É”ä‚ׂāA‘å’°‹Û‚̔ɐB‚ª18”{‚É‘‰Á‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½B

Microwaving at low temperatures (20 degrees C to 53 degrees C) had no significant effect on total IgA, specific IgA to E coli serotypes 01 and 04, but did significantly decrease lysozyme and specific IgA to E coli serotype 06.
’ቷÝ’èi20-53Žj‚µ‚½“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡A‘SIgAA‘å’°‹ÛiŒŒ´Œ^01‚Æ04j‚ɑ΂·‚é“ÁˆÙ“I•ª”å‚ÌIg A‚ɁA—LˆÓ‚ȕω»‚ÍŒ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
‚µ‚©‚µAƒŠƒ\ƒ][ƒ€‚Æ‘å’°‹ÛiŒŒ´Œ^06j‚ɑ΂·‚é“ÁˆÙ“I•ª”å‚ÌIgA‚Í—LˆÓ‚ɒቺ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½B

Even at 20 degrees C to 25 degrees C, E coli growth was five times that of control human milk.
20
“x‚©‚ç25Ž‚ɐݒ肵‚½“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚Å‚àA‘ΏƌQ‚Ì•ê“û‚É”ä‚ׂāA‘å’°‹Û‚Í5”{‘B‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½A

Microwaving appears to be contraindicated at high temperatures, and questions regarding its safety exist even at low temperatures.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚́A‚‰·‚Å‚Í‹ÖŠõ‚Å‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ðŽ¦‚µA’ቷ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚àˆÀ‘S‚©‹^–â‚Å‚ ‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚ÌŽÀŒ±‚Å‚Í1ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚P‚b‚b‚Æ‚¢‚¤”÷¬‚È—Ê‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‹ÇŠ“I‚ȉߔM‚ª‚ ‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

ˆÈ‰º‚͏Љ‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éƒS[ƒ‹ƒhƒoƒEƒ€‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Å‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽFJ Pediatr. 1984 Mar;104 (3):380-5.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FRapid high-temperature treatment of human milk
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFGoldblum RM, Dill CW, Albrecht TB, Alford ES, Garza C, Goldman AS

Abstract
Increasing interest in feeding human milk to low-birth-weight infants raises concern about microbial contamination of milk that is pooled or stored.
’á‘̏d‘ÙŽ™‚Ö‚Ì•ê“ûŽö—^‚̊֐S‚̍‚‚Ü‚è‚ɉž‚¶‚āA’™‘ ‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̍׋ۉ˜õ‚Ì‹°‚ꂪ‘‚¦‚Ä‚«‚Ä‚¢‚éB

We examined the effect of rapid high-temperature treatment on bacteria and viruses and on the nutritional and immunologic quality of pooled human milk.
‰äX‚Í’™‘ ‚³‚ꂽ•ê“û‚̖ƉuŠw“IE‰h—{Šw“I‚È•iŽ¿‚ƃoƒNƒeƒŠƒAEƒEƒCƒ‹ƒX‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éA‹}‘¬‚‰·ˆ—‚É‚¯‚éŒø‰Ê‚ðŠm”F‚µ‚½B

Growth of endogenous bacteria and infectivity of added cytomegalovirus were undetectable after heating at 72 degrees C for 15 and 5 seconds, respectively.
“àˆö«‚̃oƒNƒeƒŠƒA‚ƁA‰Á‚¦‚½ƒTƒCƒgƒƒKƒEƒCƒ‹ƒX‚Ì“`õ«‚Ì‘‰Á‚́A72Ž‚Å15•bŠÔ‚Æ5•bŠÔ‚̉Á”MŒã‚́AŒŸo‚³‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Folic acid and vitamins B1, B2, B6, and C were not affected, whereas bile salt-stimulated lipase was inactivated by these conditions.
—tŽ_Eƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B1 B2 B6‚ÆC‚͉e‹¿‚ðŽó‚¯‚¸A’_`Ž_‰–‚ÅŽhŒƒ‚µ‚½Ž‰–b•ª‰ðy‘f‚Í‚±‚ê‚ç‚ÌðŒ‰º‚Å‚Í•sŠˆ«‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

The concentration of lactoferrin and secretory IgA, and SIgA antibody activity were not changed by heating at 72 degrees C.
ƒ‰ƒNƒgƒtƒFƒŠƒ“‚Æ‚h‚‡‚`‚Ì•ª”åAR‘ÌŠˆ«‚r‚h‚‡‚`‚́A72Ž‚̉Á”M‚É‚æ‚é•Ï‰»‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

BEMS
’Fƒ‰ƒNƒgƒtƒFƒŠƒ“F“û‚âA—܁A‘Á‰tAŒŒ‰t‚È‚Ç‚É‘¶Ý‚·‚銴õ–hŒä‹@”\‚ð‚à‚Á‚½ƒ^ƒ“ƒpƒNŽ¿

Lysozyme concentration and enzymatic activity were increased significantly by heat treatment, suggesting that this component may be largely sequestered in milk.
ƒŠƒ\ƒ][ƒ€”Z“x‚ƖƉuŠˆ«‚Í‚±‚̉Á”Mˆ—‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä—LˆÓ‚É‘‰Á‚µ‚½A‚±‚ê‚̓~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì’†‚ɉB‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½—v‘f‚Å‚ ‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

Our findings suggest that rapid high-temperature treatment can reduce microbial contamination without destroying the unique nutritional and immunologic qualities of human milk.
‰äX‚Ì’mŒ©‚́A‹}‘¬‚‰·ˆ—‚̓~ƒ‹ƒN‚ª‚à‚ƒ†ƒj[ƒN‚ȉh—{Šw“IE–ƉuŠw“I‚È•iŽ¿‚ð‰ó‚·‚±‚Æ‚È‚­A×‹Û‰˜õ‚ðŒ¸‚ç‚·‚±‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB

––––––––––––––––––

‚a‚d‚l‚r‚i‚̃Rƒƒ“ƒgF
ˆÈã‚̏î•ñ‚Ì‘¼‚ɁA‘¼‚ÌŒ¤‹†˜_•¶‚à“Ç‚Ü‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚¢‚ªA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì•ê“ûEƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”M‚ւ̉e‹¿‚́A“dŽ¥”g‚̉e‹¿‚Å‚Í‚È‚­A‹Ç•”“I‚Ƀ€ƒ‰‚Æ‚µ‚Ä”­¶‚·‚é‹ÇŠ“I‚ȉߔM‚É‚æ‚é‚à‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

---

 

 

‚P‚V‚cD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|3@@ƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚a‚P‚Q@‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é“ú–{‚ÌŒ¤‹†

‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚Q|‚Q‚W

 

–‚Æ‚ ‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚͊댯‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æ‚·‚éà‚̃TƒCƒg‚Ɉȉº‚̏î•ñ‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B

––––––––––––––
A Japanese study showed that just 6 minutes microwave heating turned 30-40 % of B12 in milk into inert form.
“ú–{‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ŁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì6•ªŠÔ‚̉Á”M‚ŁAƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚Ì30-40“‚ª•sŠˆ«‰»‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª”»‚Á‚½B
––––––––––––––

‚±‚̃TƒCƒg‚ł́A–¾Šm‚Ș_‹’‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚̂ŁA˜_‹’‚ð’T‚µ‚Ă݂邱‚Æ‚É‚µ‚½B

–“ú–{l‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ð­‚µÚ×‚ɏЉ‚Ä‚¢‚éƒTƒCƒg‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B

–––––––––––––––––
Microwaving zaps milk vitamin
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‰Á”M‚̓~ƒ‹ƒN‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚ðŽE‚·B

Dr. Fumio Watanabe of Japan
fs Kochi Womenfs University studied the effects of microwaving milk.
Heating samples for six minutes killed as much vitamin B12 as 35 minutes of boiling. In some cases 30-40% was lost.
“ú–{‚̍‚’m—Žq‘åŠw‚Ì“n•Ó•¶—Y‹³Žö‚́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚É‚æ‚éƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̕ω»‚ðŒ¤‹†‚µ‚½B
6
•ªŠÔ‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‰Á”M‚³‚ꂽƒTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚ł́A35•ªŠÔ‚ÌŽÏ•¦‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚Æ“¯‚¶—l‚ɁAƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12@‚ðŽE‚µ‚½B
ê‡‚É‚æ‚Á‚ẮA30-40%‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚ªŽ¸‚í‚ꂽB

Microwaved milk was also compared to boiled milk (container in boiling water bath). While heating the milk up to 100 degrees C, microwaving caused greater B12 loss than boiling.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ƁAŽÏ•¦‚ʼnÁ”M‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒNiŽÏ•¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚鐅‘…‚Ì’†‚Ƀ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð“ü‚ꂽ•r‚ð“ü‚ꂽŠÔÚ‰Á”Mj‚Æ”äŠr‚µ‚½B
100Ž‚܂ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ŽžA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚ÍŽÏ•¦‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡‚æ‚èAB12‚Ì”j‰ó‚ª‘½‚©‚Á‚½B

The longer the milk was boiled or microwaved the greater the loss but by six minutes microwaving or 30 minutes boiling the B12 loss was the same.
@

ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ðŽÏ•¦‚Å’·ŽžŠÔ‰Á”M‚â“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚́Aƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“12‚Ì”j‰ó‚ði‚߂邪A6•ªŠÔ‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‰Á”M‚Æ30•ª‚ÌŽÏ•¦‰Á”M‚Å‚ÍB12‚Ì‘¹Ž¸‚Í“¯‚¶ƒŒƒxƒ‹‚Å‚ ‚éB

ŽQlFWatanabe,F et al. Jnl. of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 1998; 46:206-10
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

–ˆÈ‰º‚Ì•ñ‘‚É‚àA“¯—l‚È‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––
•½¬20”N“xŒú¶˜J“­‰ÈŠwŒ¤‹†”ï•â•‹à(zŠÂŠíŽ¾Š³“™¶ŠˆKŠµ•a‘΍ô‘‡Œ¤‹†Ž–‹Æ)
@@@“ú–{l‚̐HŽ–ÛŽæŠî€‚ð‰ü’è‚·‚邽‚߂̃Gƒrƒfƒ“ƒX‚̍\’z‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錤‹†
@@@@@@@ˆê”÷—ʉh—{‘f‚Æ‘½—ʉh—{‘fÛŽæ—ʂ̃oƒ‰ƒ“ƒX‚̉𖾈ê
@@@@@@@Žå”CŒ¤‹†ŽÒ@@ŽÄ“c@ŽŒÈ@@Ž ‰êŒ§—§‘åŠw@@‹³Žö

‡W.Œ¤‹†‹¦—ÍŽÒ‚Ì•ñ‘
2.
ƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錤‹†•ñ
Œ¤‹†‹¦—͎ҁ@@“n’B@•¶—Y@@’¹Žæ‘åŠw@@‹³Žö

E.
’²—E‰ÁHˆ—‚É‚¨‚¯‚鑹Ž¸

“ú–{l‚Ì’†‚—îŽÒ‚́Aƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚ð‹›‰î—Þ(77-84%)A“÷—Þ(5-13%)A‹“û‚¨‚æ‚Ñ“û»•i(3-6%)A‘”—Þ(1-6%)A—‘(3-4%)A‚©‚çÛŽæ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
Žá”N¬l‚É‚¨‚¢‚ẮAŠeH•i‚©‚ç‚̐ێ抄‡‚ªŽáŠ±ˆÙ‚È‚é‚à‚̂́A“¯—l‚ÈŒXŒü‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Ä‚­E‚ä‚Å‚éE—g‚°‚é‚Ȃǂ̉Á”M’²—‚É‚æ‚éƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12Žc‘¶—¦‚Í‹“÷Še•”ˆÊ‚Å61-88%A‹“à‘Ÿ“÷‚Å54-98%A“Ø“÷Še•”ˆÊ‚Å76-90%A“Ø“à‘Ÿ“÷‚Å68-100%‚Å‚ ‚éB
“ú–{l‚ÌŽå—v‚È‹Ÿ‹‹Œ¹‚Å‚ ‚é‹›“÷‚É‚¨‚¢‚ărƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚Ì’²—‘¹Ž¸(85.2-97.7%Žc‘¶)‚Í”ñí‚ɏ­‚È‚¢B
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‚»‚Ì‘¼,‹“û’†‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚͉Á”M’²—‚É‚æ‚茰’˜‚ÉŒ¸­‚µA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW3•ª‰Á”M‚¨‚æ‚Ñ’¼‰Î30•ª‚̉Á”M‚Å–ñ50%‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚ªÁŽ¸‚·‚遃BEMSJ’FŽQÆ•¶Œ£‚Í“n•Ó•¶—Y‚Ì1998”N˜_•¶„B

‚Ü‚½AŒõÆŽË‚æ‚鋍“û’†‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B2Œõ•ª‰ð‚É”º‚¤ƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚Ì•ª‰ð‚à•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
ƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚̉Á”M•ª‰ð•¨‚ª’P—£‚³‚êAŽÀŒ±“®•¨‚̐Ö¬“à‚É“Š—^‚³‚ꂽ‚ªAƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“B12‚Ì‘ãŽÓŒn‚ð‘jŠQ‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
–––––––––––––––––––––––

–ˆÈ‰º‚ÍPubmed‚É‚ ‚Á‚½“n•Ó•¶—Y‚Ì1998”N˜_•¶‚Å‚ ‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––
ŒfÚŽGJ Agric Food Chem. 1998 Jan 19;46(1):206-210.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FEffects of Microwave Heating on the Loss of Vitamin B(12) in Foods.
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFWatanabe Fumio, Abe K, Fujita T, Goto M, Hiemori M, Nakano Y.
Department of Food and Nutrition, Kochi Women's University, Kochi 780, Japan, and Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 593, Japan
––––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚̘_•¶‚̃AƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚ɂ́AŽÀŒ±ðŒ‚Ȃǂ͏‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¨‚炸AƒAƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚¾‚¯‚Å‚Í—‰ð‚ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢BFull Text‚Í—L—¿‚Å“üŽè‚Å‚«‚éB

–“Z‚߁F
ˆÈã‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚©‚çA1998”N‚Ì“n•Ó•¶—Y‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚́Au“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‚ªŠëŒ¯v‚Æ‚¢‚¤à‚̘_‹’‚̈ê‚‚Ƃµ‚ÄŽæ‚èã‚°‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪A‚±‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Í“dŽ¥”g‚Ì’¼Ú‰e‹¿‚ðŒ©‚½‚à‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚­A‰Á”ME‹ÇŠ“I‚ȉߔM‚É‚æ‚éŒø‰Ê‚ƍl‚¦‚ç‚ê‚éB

 

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‚P‚VED“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|4@@D-ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_Œ`¬

‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚W

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éA

ŒfÚŽFLancet. 1989 Dec 9;2 (8676):1392-3.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FAminoacid isomerisation and microwave exposure. “dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚ƃAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚ِ̈«‰»
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFLubec G, Wolf C, Bartosch B.

‚±‚Ì•¶Œ£‚̃AƒuƒXƒgƒ‰ƒNƒg‚Í‚È‚¢B1ƒy[ƒW‚É‚à–ž‚½‚È‚¢•¶Í‚¾‚¯‚É‚æ‚é•ñ‚Å‚ ‚éB
‰»Šw‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é’mŽ¯‚ª‚È‚¢‚ƁA—‰ð‚µ‚É‚­‚¢•¶Í‚Å‚ ‚邪A‚¨‚¨‚ނˈȉº‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚ª‘‚©‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

w80Ž‚̉·…‚ŊԐډÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡‚ƁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‰Á”M@‚Æ‚à‚É10•ª‚ŁA“ûŽ™—pƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð‰Á”MB
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚ł̂݁ADƒvƒƒŠƒ“‚ª”­¶‚µ‚½iDƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì1Ží‚ÌDƒvƒƒŠƒ“‚ª”­¶‚µ‚½AƒAƒ~ƒmŠî‚ª•Ï«‚µ‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡jx

‚ǂ̈ʂ̗ʂ̃~ƒ‹ƒN‚ðA‰½“x‚ɉÁ”M‚µ‚½‚©‚È‚Ç‚Ì‹Lq‚Í‚È‚¢B
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̃}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚É‚æ‚éŒø‰Ê‚È‚Ì‚©A‰ß”M‚à‚µ‚­‚͉·“xã¸‚É‚æ‚éŒø‰Ê‚È‚Ì‚©A‹Lq‚Í‚È‚¢B


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‚P‚VFD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|5@@D-ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_Œ`¬‚ð”Û’è

‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚U

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB


ŒfÚŽFInternational Dairy Journal@Volume 6, Issue 3, March 1996, Pages 231246
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FHeat treatment of milk in domestic microwave ovens@‰Æ’ë—p“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚éƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”Mˆ—
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFR. Sieber, P. Eberhard, P.U. Gallmann

Abstract

This review deals with the
gstate of the arth regarding microwave heating of milk using household equipment with a frequency of 2450MHz.
‚±‚̃Œƒrƒ…[‚́A2450MHz‚ÌŽü”g”‚Å“®‚­‰Æ’ë—p“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ń~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð‰Á”M‚µ‚½Žž‚̍ŐV‚̏î•ñ‚ð“Z‚߂邱‚Æ‚É‚ ‚éB

The effect of microwave heat treatment depends on the quantity of the product and the geometry of the vessel used.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”Mˆ—‚ÌŒø‰Ê‚́A‰·‚ß‚éHÞ‚̗ʂƁAHÞ‚ð‚¢‚ê‚½—eŠí‚ÌŒ`ó‚É‚æ‚Á‚ĈقȂéB

Microwaves do not penetrate deeply into food which can lead to overheating at the surface or to insufficient warming of the total product.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚͐HÞ‚̉œ[‚­‚܂ł͐Z“§‚µ‚È‚¢‚̂ŁA•\–Ê•”‚ª‰ß”M‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚èAHÞ‘S‘Ì‚ð\•ª‚ɉÁ”M‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B

In some cases, infant formulae heated to too high temperature by microwaves were found to be hazardous for infants due to scalding and burning.
ê‡‚É‚æ‚Á‚ẮA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ُ͈í‚ȍ‚‰·‚É”M‚¹‚ç‚êA—cŽ™‚ª‰Î‚·‚é‚قǂ̍‚‰·‚âÅ‚°‚½‚肵‚āAŠëŒ¯‚Å‚ ‚éB

The literature on the effects of microwave heat treatment on microorganisms and nutrients in milk, such as proteins, enzymes and vitamins, is inconsistent.
”÷¶•¨Šw“IE‰h—{Šw“Ii’`”’Ž¿A–Ɖu‹@”\Aƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“j‚È“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”Mˆ—‚ÌŒø”\‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮAˆê’v‚µ‚½Œ‹‰Ê‚Í‚È‚¢B

Reported values are combined in tabular forms.
•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚錤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚Í•\‚É‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚½B

Different parameters are included such as the conditions of heat treatment, type and volume of product, the power of the oven, the temperature and time of exposure.
‰Á”Mˆ—•û–@‚ÌðŒAHÞ‚ÌŽí—ނƗʁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì“d—́A‰·“x‚ƉÁ”MŽžŠÔ“™—lX‚ȈöŽq‚ª‚ ‚éB

The formation of D-amino acids in microwave heat-treated milk, which was indicated some years ago, results from extreme heat.
””N‘O‚É•ñ‚³‚ꂽ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚Å‚ÌD|ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚ÌŒ`¬‚́A‰Á”M‰ß‚¬i‰ß”Mj‚É‚æ‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB

Household equipment does not use these conditions.
‰Æ’ë—p‹@Ší‚Í‚±‚¤‚µ‚½ðŒ‚Å‚ÍŽg—p‚³‚ê‚È‚¢B

Therefore, fears about the formation of D-amino acids in microwaved milk can be ignored.
]‚Á‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‰Á”M‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ÌD\ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_Œ`¬‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éS”z‚́A–³Ž‹‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚éB

Biological experiments showed no evidence for the hazards of microwave heat treatment of milk.
¶•¨Šw“I‚ÈŽÀŒ±‚ł́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ªŠëŒ¯‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æ‚ÌŠmØ‚Í‚È‚¢B

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‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚P‚O

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB

––––––––––––––––––––––

ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FD-Amino acids in reconstituted infant formula: A comparison between conventional and microwave heating
@—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ðA…‚ð‰Á‚¦‚ÄŒ³‚É–ß‚·Žž‚ÌDƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_F’ʏí‚̉Á”M‚Æ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚Ì”äŠr
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFR Marchelli,*, A Dossena, G Palla, M Audhuy-Peaudecerf, S Lefeuvre, P Carnevali and@M Freddi
ŒfÚŽFJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture@Volume 59, Issue 2, pages 217226, 1992

Abstract

It was recently claimed that microwave heating of reconstituted formulas for infants could induce racemization of amino acids, in particular, of proline.
lHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ɐ…‚ð‰Á‚¦‚ÄŒ³‚É–ß‚·‚½‚ß‚É“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡AƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_A“Á‚ɃvƒƒŠƒ“‚É‚¨‚¯‚郉ƒZƒ~‰»‚ª‹N‚±‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Å‹ß‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB

In the present work we investigated the presence of D-amino acids in different samples of a reconstituted infant formula heated by a conventional heat-transfer way (oil bath), in a commercially available domestic microwave oven and in a wave-guide device.
–{Œ¤‹†‚ł́A’ʏí‚Ì”M“`’B•û–@i‰Á”M‚µ‚½ƒIƒCƒ‹‚É“ü‚ꂽŠÔÚ‰Á”MjAŽs”Ì‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚Æ“±”gŠÇ‚ðŽg‚Á‚½“dŽ¥”g”­¶‘•’u‚ł̉Á”M‚Ì•û–@‚É‚æ‚Á‚āAlHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ɐ…‚ð‰Á‚¦‚ÄŒ³‚É–ß‚µ‚½Žž‚ÉDƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì‘¶Ý‚ðA’²¸‚µ‚½B

The analyses were carried out both by gas chromatography and by high performance liquid chromatography.
‰ðÍ‚̓KƒXƒNƒƒ}ƒgƒOƒ‰ƒtƒB‚Æ‚æ‚荂«”\‚ȉt‘̃Nƒƒ}ƒgƒOƒ‰ƒtƒB[‚É‚æ‚Á‚½B

The presence of D-enantiomers was determined both in proteins after hydrolysis (6 M HCl at 100
‹C for 6 h) and in the free amino acid pool.
D
Œ^‹¾‘œˆÙ«‘Ì‚Ì‘¶Ý‚́A100Ž6ŽžŠÔ‚̉Á…•ª‰ð‚ƃAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì–³‚¢ó‘ԂŁA—¼•û‚Ì’`”’Ž¿‚ÌŒˆ’è‚ōs‚Á‚½A

ƒBEMSJ’FƒGƒiƒ“ƒ`ƒIƒ}[iEnantiomerj‚Ƃ́AD-ƒOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Ž_‚ÆL-ƒOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Ž_‚̂悤‚Ɂgd‚ˍ‡‚킹‚邱‚Ƃ̏o—ˆ‚È‚¢‹¾‘œ‘́h‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚Å‚ ‚èA‹¾‘œˆÙ«‘Ì‚Æ‚àŒ¾‚í‚ê‚éB„

Regarding protein-bound amino acids, there is no evidence of racemization in all samples examined under the different experimental conditions (conventionally and microwave-treated samples).
ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚ÉŒ‹‡‚µ‚½’`”’Ž¿‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮAˆÙ‚È‚é•û–@‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½‘S‚ẴTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚щƒZƒ~‰»‚ÌŠmØ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
ƒBEMSJ’F‰Á”M‚É‚æ‚éƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̕ϐ«‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B„

ƒBEMSJ’Fƒ‰ƒZƒ~‰» (racemization) ‚Æ‚Í—L‹@‰»Šw‚â–³‹@‰»Šw‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä‚ ‚镨Ž¿‚ªƒLƒ‰ƒŠƒeƒB[‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‚«A—Ê‚ª‘½‚¢•û‚̃Gƒiƒ“ƒ`ƒIƒ}[‚ª‚à‚¤ˆê•û‚̃Gƒiƒ“ƒ`ƒIƒ}[‚É•Ï‚í‚邱‚Æ‚É‚æ‚Á‚ÄŒn‚Ì‹¾‘œ‘̉ߏ藦(ee)‚ªŒ¸­A‚Ü‚½‚͏ÁŽ¸‚·‚é‚悤‚ȉ»Šw”½‰žB”½‰ž‚Ì—vˆö‚Í”MA‚ ‚é‚¢‚ÍŽ_‚≖Šî‚È‚Ç‚Ì”½‰žÜ‚Å‚ ‚éB„

In particular, D-proline was not detected at least above 1 mg litre
1 in proteins and above 20 ƒÊg litre1 in free amino acids.
“Á‚ɁADƒvƒƒŠƒ“‚Í’`”’Ž¿1ƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹“–‚½‚è1mg‚ð’´‚¦‚é—Ê‚ÍŒŸo‚Å‚«‚¸AƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì–³‚¢ó‘Ô‚Å1ƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹“–‚½‚è20ƒÊg‚ð’´‚¦‚é—ʂ́AŒŸo‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Although small percentages (D/D + L %) of D-glu and D-asp and higher percentages of D-ala were detected among free amino acids, in all samples, no significant differences could be found between untreated and treated samples.
‹Í‚©‚ÈD-glu‚ÆD-asp‚ƁA‚‚¢Šm—¦‚Å‚ÌD-ala‚Í‘S‚ẴTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚ŁAƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì–³‚¢ó‘Ô‚Å‚ÍŒŸo‚³‚ꂽ‚ªAƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð‰Á”M‚µ‚½‚à‚̂ƉߔM‚µ‚È‚¢‚à‚̂̊Ԃɍ·ˆÙ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

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ˆÈã‚́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì‚æ‚é‰Á”M‚É‚æ‚éƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚̕ϐ«‚ð”F‚ß‚È‚©‚Á‚½Œ¤‹†B
‰Á”MðŒ‚Ȃǂ̏ڍׂ͕sÚA

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ŒfÚŽFInternational Journal of Food Engineering volume 8, Issue 1 (Jan 2012)
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FThe Effect of Microwave Pasteurization on Some Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Milk
ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì•¨—“IE‰»Šw“I‚È“Á«‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é‰Á”MŽE‹Û–@‚̉e‹¿

Œ¤‹†ŽÒFAfsaneh Dehghan / Jalal Jamalian / Asgar Farahnaky / Gholamreza Mesbahi / Marzieh Moosavi-Nasab

abstract:
In this research, cow
fs milk was pasteurized using microwave (MW) or HTST methods and their effects on some milk components were studied.
–{Œ¤‹†‚ł́A‹“û‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚à‚µ‚­ˆê”Ê“I‚ȍ‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔŽE‹Û–@‚ʼnÁ”MŽE‹Û‚ðs‚¢A‹“û‚̐¬•ª‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‰e‹¿‚𒲂ׂ½B

ƒBEMSJ’F‹“û‚ȂǐH•i‚ÌŽE‹Û•û–@HTSTiHigh temperature short time method sterilizationj‚͍‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔŽE‹Û–@‚Æ‚àŒÄ‚΂ê‚éBŠT—v ’ʏíA72 `75 ‚Å15•bŠÔA—¬‘̐H•i‚ð‰Á”M‚µ‚ÄŽE‹Û‚·‚éŽè–@‚Ì‚±‚ƁB„

The results showed no differences between some physico-chemical characteristics like protein, fat, acidity, and solubility percentages due to heat treatments with either MW or HTST and the control samples.
‘ΏƂƍ‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔŽE‹Û–@‚¨‚æ‚Ñ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”Mˆ—‚Ɉö‚é‰Â—n«AŽ_“xAŽ‰–bAƒ^ƒ“ƒpƒNŽ¿‚È‚Ç‚Ì•¨—‰»Šw“I‚È“Á«‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āA·ˆÙ‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ‹‰Ê‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B

The contents of six amino acids (aspartic acid, glycine, glutamic acid, histidine, arginine, and lysine in mg/L) and fatty acids (weight percentage) showed no significant differences using either MW or HTST pasteurization method.
6Ží‚̃Aƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì“à—e‚ÆŽ‰–bŽ_‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ƍ‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔŽE‹Û–@‚ŏˆ—‚µ‚½‹“ûŠÔ‚ɍ·ˆÙ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

There were slight but insignificant differences in trans-fatty acid and D-amino acid contents in the milk pasteurized with either MW or HTST method.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ƍ‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔŽE‹Û–@‚Å‚ÌŽE‹Ûˆ—‚µ‚½‹“û‚ɁAƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒXŽ‰–bŽ_‚ÆDƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚̐¬•ª‚ɁA“Œv“I‚É—LˆÓ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ªA­‚µ‚̍·ˆÙ‚ª”F‚ß‚ç‚ꂽB

SDS-PAGE and HPLC analysis of milk proteins did not reveal any differences between the pasteurization methods.
‹“û‚Ì’`”’Ž¿‚ÌSDS-PAGE‰ðÍ‚ÆHPLC‰ðÍ‚ł́A‰Á”MŽE‹Û–@ŠÔ‚̈Ⴂ‚𖾂炩‚É‚µ‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

It was finally concluded that MW heating is a good alternative to HTST pasteurization.
Œ‹‰Ê‚Æ‚µ‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚錓‚Ë‚é‚͍‚‰·’ZŽžŠÔ‰Á”MŽE‹Û–@‚Ì‘ã—p‚Æ‚µ‚Ä—LŒø‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ‹˜_‚¯‚½B

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

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‚P‚VID“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|8@@D-ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_Œ`¬‚ð”Û’è

‹LG‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚P‚Q

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽFJ Am Coll Nutr. 1994 Apr;@13(2):209-10.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FD-aspartate and D-glutamate in microwaved versus conventionally heated milk.
@“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ƒʏí‚̉Á”M•û–@‚É‚¨‚¯‚éD-ƒAƒXƒpƒ‰ƒMƒ“‚ÆD|ƒOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFPetrucelli L, Fisher GH.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
It has been reported that microwave heating of infant formulae can isomerize and racemize amino acids in the milk proteins, causing toxicity or affecting the nutritional value of the milk formulae.
–Ú“IFlHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚̓~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì’`”’Ž¿‚ðˆÙ©‘̉»‚ƃ‰ƒZƒ~‰»‚·‚é‚̂ŁA”­‚ª‚ñ«‚ð’悵‚½‚èAlHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉h—{‰¿‚ɉe‹¿‚µ‚½‚è‚·‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤•ñ‚ª‚ ‚éB

Therefore, we investigated whether microwave heating vs conventional heating would produce any D- enantiomers of aspartic acid (Asp) and glutamic acid (Glu) in milk.
‚»‚±‚ŁA‰äX‚͒ʏí‚̉Á”M•û–@‚É”äŠr‚µ‚Ä“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”Mˆ—‚ªƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̃AƒXƒpƒ‰ƒMƒ“Ž_‚ƃOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Ž_‚ÌD|‹¾‘ِ̈«‰»‚ð‹N‚±‚³‚¹‚é‚©‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½B

METHODS:
Whole and skim milk samples were heated for 10 minutes in either a microwave oven at medium power or on a hot water bath at 80 degrees C.
D-Asp and D-Glu were determined by high performance liquid chromatography.
•û–@Fƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì‘S¬•ª‚ƃXƒLƒ€ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̃Tƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì’†‰Î—Í‚©A80Ž‚̉·…‘†‚Ì’†‚ŁA10•ªŠÔ‰Á”M‚µ‚½B
D
ƒAƒXƒpƒ‰ƒMƒ“Ž_‚ÆDƒOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Ž_‚͍‚«”\‚ȉt‘̃Nƒƒ}ƒgƒOƒ‰ƒtƒB[‚ÅŒŸ’肵‚½B

RESULTS:
Unheated (control) samples were found to contain 0.40-0.45% D-Asp and D-Glu, inherent from the original pasteurizing process. Both conventional heating and microwave heating induce < 0.25% more racemization when compared to the control samples.
Œ‹‰ÊF‰Á”Mˆ—‚µ‚È‚¢ƒTƒ“ƒvƒ‹‚É‚ÍDƒAƒXƒpƒ‰ƒMƒ“Ž_‚ÆD-ƒOƒ‹ƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Ž_‚ªAŒÅ—L‚Ì‚à‚Ì‚Æ‚µ‚āA0.40|0.45“ŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½B
’ʏí‚̉Á”M•û–@i80Ž‚̉·…‘†j‚Æ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ê‡‚́A‰Á”Mˆ—‚µ‚È‚¢‘ΏƌQ‚Æ”äŠr‚µ‚āA‚Æ‚à‚É0.25“ˆÈ‰º‚̃‰ƒZƒ~‰»‚ª‘‰Á‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½B


CONCLUSION:
Within experimental error, there is no significant difference in the levels of these D-amino acids between the conventionally heated and microwave heated milks, thus having no significant effect on the nutritional value of the milk proteins.
Œ‹˜_FŽÀŒ±‚̌덷‚͈̔͂ŁA’ʏí‚̉Á”M‚Æ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚É‚¨‚¯‚éDƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‰»‚̃Œƒxƒ‹‚ɍ·ˆÙ‚Í‚È‚­Aƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì’`”’Ž¿‚̉h—{‰¿‚É—LˆÓ‚ȉe‹¿‚Í‚È‚¢B

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

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‚P‚VJD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|9@ƒŒƒrƒ…[˜_•¶

‹LG‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚P‚S

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽFCrit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 1982; 16(4):355-81.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FThe effect of microwaves on nutrient value of foods.@“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚éH•¨‚̉h—{‰¿‚̕ω»
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFCross GA, Fung DY.

Abstract

Microwave cooking has gained considerable importance as an energy-saving, convenient, and time-saving cooking method.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é’²—‚̓Gƒlƒ‹ƒM[‚̐ߖñ‚Å‚«AŠÈ•Ö‚ŁAŽžŠÔ‚̐ߖño—ˆ‚é’²—–@‚Æ‚µ‚čl—¶‚É’l‚·‚éd—v«‚𓾂Ă«‚Ä‚¢‚éB

This article reviews the state of the art of microwave cooking and the existing publishing data on the effects of microwave cooking on nutritive values of moisture, protein, carbohydrate
@, lipid, minerals, and vitamins.
–{Œ¤‹†‚ł́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚éƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“Aƒ~ƒlƒ‰ƒ‹AŽ‰Ž¿A’Y…‰»•¨Aƒ^ƒ“ƒpƒNŽ¿B…•ª‚Ȃǂ̉h—{‰¿‚̕ω»‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é”­sÏ‚݂̏î•ñ‚ƁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é’²—–@‚̍ŐVó‹µ‚ðƒŒƒrƒ…[‚·‚éB

Most reports indicated that microwave cooking resulted in higher moisture losses compared with conventional methods.
–w‚Ç‚ÌŒ¤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚ł́A’ʏí‚Ì•û–@‚É”äŠr‚µ‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚Å‚Í‚æ‚葽‚­‚̐…•ª‚ÌŒ¸­‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Overall, the nutritional effects of microwaves on protein, lipid, and minerals appear minimal.
ŠTŠÏ‚·‚é‚ƁA’`”’Ž¿AŽ‰Ž¿Aƒ~ƒlƒ‰ƒ‹‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚éŒø‰Ê‚͏­‚È‚¢‚悤‚ÉŒ©‚¦‚éB

There is no report on the effects of microwaves on carbohydrate fraction in foods.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚é’Y…‰»•¨‚̕ω»‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ‚Í‚È‚¢B

A large amount of data is available on the effects of microwaves on vitamins.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚éƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚̕ω»‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é•ñ‚Í‘½‚¢B

It is concluded that there are only slight differences between microwave and conventional cooking on vitamin retention in foods.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚é’²—‚ƒʏí‚Ì’²—‚É‚æ‚éH•¨‚̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚ÌŽc—¯—ʂ̈Ⴂ‚Í‚Ù‚ñ‚Ì‹Í‚©‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚½B

In conclusion, no significant nutritional differences exist between foods prepared by conventional and microwave methods.
Œ‹˜_‚Æ‚µ‚āA’ʏí‚Æ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä’²—‚³‚ꂽH•¨‚̊Ԃɂ́A‰h—{‰¿‚̈Ⴂ‚Í‚È‚¢B

Any differences reported in the literature are minimal.
‚±‚ê‚Ü‚Å‚ÉŠ§s‚³‚ꂽ•¶Œ£‚Å•ñ‚³‚ꂽ‘S‚Ă̕΍·‚͋ɏ¬‚Å‚ ‚éB

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‚P‚VKD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|10@–â‘è‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚·‚é˜_•¶

‹LG‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚P‚S

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ª‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽFPediatrics. 1992 Sep; 90(3):412-5.
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FMicrowave heating of infant formula: a dilemma resolved.@“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”MFƒWƒŒƒ“ƒ}‚̉ðŒˆ
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFSigman-Grant M, Bush G, Anantheswaran R

Abstract

Microwave heating of infant formula is a common practice despite concerns of infant scalding.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”M‚́A—cŽ™‚̉Ώ‚Ì‹°‚ꂪ‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚àˆê”Ê“I‚ÈŽÀ—p–@‚Å‚ ‚éB

Beyond the issue of physical safety, little is known about the effects on nutrient content of microwave heating of infant formula.
‘̂̈À‘S‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‰Û‘è‚Æ‚µ‚āA—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚É‚æ‚é‰h—{‰¿‚̕ω»‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä‚Í–w‚Ç‚í‚©‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

Casein-predominant infant formula in 120- and 240-mL glass and plastic nursing bottles of varying colors were heated for 40 seconds and 60 seconds, respectively.
ƒJƒ[ƒCƒ“‚ðŽåŒ´—¿‚Æ‚µ‚½lHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ðA120ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚Æ240ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚̃Kƒ‰ƒX‚ƃvƒ‰ƒXƒ`ƒbƒN‚ÌŽö“û—pƒrƒ“i—lX‚ȐF‚̃rƒ“j‚É“ü‚ê‚āA40•b‚à‚µ‚­‚Í60•bŠÔA‰Á”M‚µ‚½B

’FƒJƒ[ƒCƒ“FŠ£—‘f s‹“û‚Ì’†‚Ì‚½‚ñ‚Ï‚­Ž¿Gƒ`[ƒY‚ÌŒ´—¿t.

Temperature profiling was monitored during the heating cycle.
‰Á”M’†‚ɁA‰·“xã¸‚Ì•ª•z‚𑪒肵‚½B

Analysis of riboflavin and vitamin C was made prior to and after heating.
¬’·‘£i—v‘f‚ƃrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚ðB‰Á”M‘O‚ƉÁ”MŒã‚ɉðÍ‚µ‚½B

’GƒŠƒ{ƒtƒ‰ƒrƒ“‚͐¬’·‘£i—v‘f

Topmost portions reached a mean temperature of 44.7 +/- 1.7 degrees C and 43.0 +/- 2.4 degrees C for all types of 240-mL and 120-mL bottles, respectively.
240
ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚Æ120ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚̃rƒ“‚́A‚»‚ꂼ‚êAÅ‚à‚‚¢‰·“x‚Æ‚µ‚āA•½‹Ï‰·“x44.7+/-1.7“xA43.0+/-2.4“x‚É’B‚µ‚½B

Topmost temperatures were significantly hotter than temperatures reached at other sites.
Å‚à‚‚­‚È‚Á‚½êŠ‚Í”½‘Α¤‚É”ä‚ׂāA—LˆÓ‚ɉ·“x‚ª‚‚­‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚½B

Routine mixing resulted in formula temperatures which could safely be fed to infants (35.4 +/- 0.3 degrees C and 33.9 +/- 0.2 degrees C for 240-mL and 120-mL bottles, respectively).
lHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ð¬‚º‡‚킹‚邱‚Æ‚É‚æ‚Á‚āA—cŽ™‚ɈÀ‘S‚ȉ·“x‚É‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚½i240ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚Æ120ƒ~ƒŠƒŠƒbƒgƒ‹‚̃rƒ“‚ł́A‘´X35.4+/-0.3ŽA33.9+/-0.2ŽjB

There was no significant loss of either riboflavin or vitamin C.
¬’·‘£i—v‘f‚ƃrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮA—LˆÓ‚ÈŒ¸­‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

Protocols for microwave heating are given.
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ł̉Á”M‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚鏈—•û–@‚ª–¾Šm‚É‚È‚Á‚½B


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“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW’²—‚³‚ꂽ‹“û‚ƍ’•¨ƒVƒŠƒAƒ‹‚̃Aƒ~ƒmŽ_‚̈ꕔ‚ªA”­‚ª‚ñ«•¨Ž¿‚ɕω»‚µ‚½B
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼn𓀂µ‚½‰Ê•¨‚ÉŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚éƒOƒ‹ƒRƒ“ƒh‚ƃKƒ‰ƒNƒgƒVƒh‚ªA”­‚ª‚ñ«•¨Ž¿‚ɕω»‚µ‚½B
¶–ìØA’²—Ï–ìØA—â“€–ìØ‚É’ZŽžŠÔ‹­‚¢ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ðÆŽË‚µ‚½‚Æ‚±‚ëAA•¨«ƒAƒ‹ƒJƒƒCƒh‚ª”­‚ª‚ñ«•¨Ž¿‚ɕω»‚µ‚½B
ŽÀŒ±‚³‚ꂽ‘S‚Ă̐H‚ו¨‚̐H•i‚Æ‚µ‚Ẳ¿’liƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚a•¡‡‘́Aƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“CAƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“EAƒ~ƒlƒ‰ƒ‹j‚ª60%‚©‚ç90%’ቺ‚·‚邱‚Ƃɂ‚Ȃª‚é\‘¢ã‚Ì—ò‰»Œ»Û‚ªAŒ°’˜‚ÉŒ©‚ç‚ꂽB
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

–‚³‚āAã‹L‚̃TƒCƒg‚ɏЉ‚ꂽƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚āAŒ³ƒlƒ^‚ð’T‚Á‚Ä‚Ý‚éB

Lancet
‚̃TƒCƒg‚Ł@Lita@Lee‚ÅŒŸõ‚·‚邪A‰½‚àƒqƒbƒg‚µ‚È‚¢B
Lancet
‚Åmicrowave cooking ‚ÅŒŸõ‚µ‚Ä‚àLita@Lee‚ªŠÖŒW‚µ‚½‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚é˜_•¶‚́Aƒqƒbƒg‚µ‚È‚¢B
Pubmed
‚ł́@Lita@Lee‚ÌŠÖ˜A‚·‚é˜_•¶‚̓qƒbƒg‚µ‚È‚¢B

‚Æ‚ ‚éƒTƒCƒg‚É‚ ‚Á‚½î•ñ‚ŁABEMSJ‚Æ“¯‚¶‚±‚Æ‚ðl‚¦‚½l‚ª‚¢‚½B
––––––––––––––
‚³‚āA‚Å‚Í‚ ‚̃‰ƒ“ƒZƒbƒgŽ‚ÉŒfÚ‚³‚ꂽ‚Æ‚¢‚¤Lita Lee”ŽŽm‚̘_•¶‚ð‚²Ð‰îEEE‚ÆŽv‚Á‚½‚Ì‚Å‚·‚ªAŽc”O‚È‚ª‚ç”­Œ©‚Å‚«‚Ü‚¹‚ñ‚Å‚µ‚½B
1989
”N‚̃‰ƒ“ƒZƒbƒg˜_•¶‚𒲂ׂĂào‚Ä‚«‚Ü‚¹‚ñEEE”N‘ã‚ði‚炸‚ɁuLita Leev‚Å’²‚ׂĂ݂Ăà•s”­B
–––––––––––––––––

‚Æ‚ ‚é‰p•¶ƒTƒCƒg‚É
–––––––––––––––––––––––––
In another book entitled Health Effects of Microwave Radiation, author Dr. Lita Lee also expressed his concern over the use of microwaves.
‚»‚Ì‘¼‚ɁALita@Lee”ŽŽm‚Ì’˜‚ŁgHealth Effects of Microwave Radiationh‚Æ‚¢‚¤–{‚Ì’†‚ŁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚É‚æ‚é•sˆÀ‚ð•\Œ»‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

Dr. Lee observed that the symptoms listed above could be caused by certain observations shown below.
Lee
”ŽŽm‚͈ȉº‚ÉŽ¦‚·Çó‚͈ȉº‚ÉŽ¦‚·“Á’è‚ÌŠÏŽ@‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä‹N‚±‚³‚ê‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ðŒ©o‚µ‚½B
–––––––––––––––––––––

‚±‚̏î•ñ‚Å‚ÍLee‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŒø‰Ê‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é–{‚ðo‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚µ‚©‚µAAmazon‚Ń`ƒFƒbƒN‚µ‚½‚ªA‚±‚Ì–{‚̓qƒbƒg‚¹‚¸B
‚Ç‚Ì–{‰®‚©‚牽Žž”­s‚³‚ꂽ‚Ì‚©‚Í”»‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
Lita
@Lee‚ÍWEBƒTƒCƒg‚ð\’z‚µ‚Ä‚¨‚èA‚»‚̃TƒCƒg‚Å‚à‚±‚Ì–{‚̔̔„‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚鍐’m‚àÐ‰î‹LŽ–‚àŒ©‚‚©‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

‚Ü‚½AˆÈ‰º‚̏î•ñ‚ª‚ ‚èA‚È‚É‚â‚猒N‚É—Ç‚¢‚Æ‚·‚éu–ü‚µƒOƒbƒYv‚ð”Ì”„‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
––––––––––––––––––––
Further to this, the article relies on a 'study' for it's data on this by Lita Lee (Phd)...
Who's website you can find here,
selling you 'healing enzymes' http://www.litalee.com/shopexd.asp?id=182
‚±‚ê‚ɉÁ‚¦‚āAƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[”ŽŽm‚É‚æ‚é–{Œ‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒf[ƒ^‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚É‚æ‚é‹LŽ–‚́EEEEE
ŠÖ˜A‚·‚郊ƒ^EƒŠ[‚ÌWEB‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉȉº‚Ì‚à‚Ì‚ª‚ ‚éAgy‘fiƒGƒ“ƒUƒCƒ€j–ü‚µh‚𔄂Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
––––––––––––––––––

ˆÈ‰º‚ÍLita@Lee‚ÌWEB‚É‚ ‚鎩ŒÈÐ‰î‚Å‚ ‚éB
–––––––––––––––––––––––––
Lita Lee, Ph.D. is a chemist, enzyme therapist, nutritionist, author and lecturer and has been in private practice since 1984.  
ƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[”ŽŽm‚͉»ŠwŽÒAy‘f–ü‚µ‰®A‰h—{ŠwŽÒAu‰‰ŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚èA1984”N‚©‚çŒÂl‘Ήž‚ðs‚Á‚Ä‚«‚½B

Her clients span the globe from the United States, Canada, Mexico, the Bahamas, Israel, England, Turkey, France, Ireland, Japan, South Africa, the Philippines and Australia. 
”ޏ—‚̌ڋq‚͐¢ŠE’†‚́AƒAƒƒŠƒJEƒJƒiƒ_EƒƒLƒVƒREƒoƒnƒ}EƒCƒXƒ‰ƒGƒ‹E‰p‘Eƒgƒ‹ƒREƒtƒ‰ƒ“ƒXEƒAƒCƒ‹ƒ‰ƒ“ƒhE“ú–{E“ìƒAƒtƒŠƒJEƒtƒBƒŠƒsƒ“EƒI[ƒXƒgƒ‰ƒŠƒA‚ɍL‚ª‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

People find out about Dr. Lee from her lectures, TV and radio shows plus her books, articles and newsletters as well as the Internet.   Dr. Lee has an office in Portland, Oregon.
ŠF‚³‚ñ‚͍u‰‰EƒeƒŒƒrEƒ‰ƒWƒIE’˜‘E‹LŽ–‚âƒjƒ…[ƒXƒŒƒ^[‚Ì‘¼‚ɁAƒCƒ“ƒ^[ƒlƒbƒg‚ŃŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚ð’m‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚éB@”ޏ—‚̓IƒŒƒSƒ“Bƒ|[ƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒh‚ÉŽ––±Š‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
––––––––––––––––––

–Lita@Lee‚ª”Ì”„‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚镨•i‚Ì—á

 

‰½‚â‚çƒXƒgƒŒƒX‚ð˜a‚ç‚°‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒOƒbƒY‚Å‚ ‚éB


–BEMSJ‚ÌŒ‹˜_
EWEB‚ɍL‚­—¬‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éuƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚ÌLancet‚Ì1989”N‚ÌŒ¤‹†A1991”N‚ÌŒ¤‹†v‚Æ‚¢‚¤î•ñ‚ÍŒë‚è‚Å‚ ‚낤B
E“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‰Á”M‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚éŽÀŒ±Œ¤‹†‚È‚Ç‚ðs‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚錤‹†ŽÒ‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éBƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚ÍŽ©‚猤‹†‚µ‚½Œ‹‰Ê‚ð‚»‚¤‚µ‚½Œ¤‹†˜_•¶‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Í”­•\‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢A‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éB
E‹­‚¢‚ÄŒ¾‚¦‚΁AƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚͍u‰‰‚â’˜q‚ŁA‘¼‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚ðˆø—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B‚»‚¤‚µ‚½ˆø—p‚ðA”ޏ—‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŽóŽæ‚èAƒlƒbƒgã‚É—¬‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢B
EƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚͉»ŠwŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä”ŽŽm†‚ÍŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éBƒGƒ“ƒUƒCƒ€iy‘fj‚ð‹­‚ß‚éEEEE‚Æ‚¢‚Á‚½ƒZƒ‰ƒsƒjƒXƒg‚Å‚ ‚éB
E‚»‚ׂ̈ÉWEB‚ð\’z‚µA•¨•i‚ð”Ì”„‚µA‚»‚̈êŠÂ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì’²—–@‚Ì–â‘è‚ðŽw“E‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
E‚æ‚Á‚āAuƒŠƒ^EƒŠ[‚ÌŒ¤‹†EEEv‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì’²—‚É”º‚¤ŠëŒ¯«‚Ì”»’f‚ɂ́AÌ—p‚Å‚«‚È‚¢’P‚È‚éƒlƒ^‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

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‚P‚V‚lD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̉Á”M‚ŕϐ«‚Æ‚¢‚¤˜_‚ÌŒŸØ|1‚P@–â‘è‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚·‚é˜_•¶

‹LF‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚Q‚Q

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŒ¤‹†˜_•¶‚ª‚ ‚éB

ŒfÚŽF. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39 (10), pp 18571859
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FEvidence for the absence of amino acid isomerization in microwave-heated milk and infant formulas@
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Æ—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚É‚¨‚¯‚éƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚ِ̈«‰»‚Í–³‚¢‚Æ‚·‚éŠmØ
Œ¤‹†ŽÒFLaurent Fay, Urs Richli, Remy Liardon

ABSTRACT
According to a recent paper (Lubec et al., 1989), microwave heating of milk or reconstituted infant formulas could induce the inversion of amino acid residues to a significantly higher extent than conventional heating.
Å‹ß‚Ì‚k‚•‚‚‚…‚ƒ‚ç‚Ì1989”N‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ŁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ʼnÁ”M‚³‚ꂽƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‹y‚ѐ…‚ð‰Á‚¦‚ÄŒ³‚É–ß‚µ‚½—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ł́A’ʏí‚̉Á”Mˆ—‚³‚ꂽ‚à‚Ì‚É”ä‚ׂāA—LˆÓ‚ɍ‚‚¢ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚̕ϐ«‚ª‹N‚±‚邱‚Æ‚ª•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

In this study, UHT milk and three different infant formulas were heated under two sets of conditions: 600 W for 3 min and 70 W for 20 min.
–{Œ¤‹†‚ł́A‚t‚g‚sƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Æ3Ží‚Ì—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ðA2Ží—Þ‚ÌðŒi600‚v‚Å3•ªŠÔA70‚v‚Å20•ªŠÔj‚ʼnÁ”M‚µ‚½B

When the proportions of D-amino acids were measured after acid hydrolysis, no significant difference could be found between untreated and treated samples.
‰Á…•ª‰ð‚µ‚Ä‚©‚ç‚cƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚ÌŠ„‡‚𒲍¸‚µ‚½BŒ‹‰Ê‚͉Á”Mˆ—‚µ‚È‚¢ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚ƉÁ”Mˆ—‚µ‚½ƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚Ƃ̊Ԃɍ·ˆÙ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

On the basis of these results, it is concluded that heating of milk or infant formula in a microwave oven under conditions corresponding to those normally applied for heating food does not induce significant inversion of protein-bound amino acids.
‚±‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚©‚çAH•¨‚̉Á”M–@‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉê”Ê“I‚É—˜—p‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éðŒ‰º‚ł́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚æ‚éƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‹y‚Ñ—cŽ™—plHƒ~ƒ‹ƒN‚̉Á”M‚́A’`”’Ž¿EƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚Ì—LˆÓ‚ȕϐ«‚Í–³‚¢‚ÆŒ‹˜_•t‚¯‚½B

•Åƒgƒbƒv‚É–ß‚é

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‚P‚V‚mD“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éƒAƒƒŠƒJEƒJƒiƒ_‚ÌNPO–@lŒö‰v‰ÈŠwƒZƒ“ƒ^[‚Q‚O‚O‚T”NŠ§s•¨

‹LG‚Q‚O‚P‚U|‚R|‚Q‚R

Nutrition Action Health letter
ƒƒAƒƒŠƒJEƒJƒiƒ_‚ÌNPO–@luŒö‰v‰ÈŠwƒZƒ“ƒ^[v‚Ì‹@ŠÖ‚ª”­s„
April 1, 2005
by Schardt, David

’˜ŽÒ‚ÍCenter for Science in the Public Interest Canada‚ɏŠ‘®
Œ´“T‚ÌHealth Letteri‰p•¶j‚́@‚±‚¿‚ç‚É

ˆÈ‰º‚ɁA•K—v‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éŒÂŠ‚ð˜a–󂵂½B

––––––––––––––––––––––––
Microwave myths
@ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éì‚è˜b
Fact vs Fiction
Ž–ŽÀ‚Æ‘z‘œ


It all started with Hans Hertel.
‘S‚Ä‚ÍHans Hertel‚©‚çŽn‚Ü‚Á‚½B

The Swiss food chemist and seven fellow vegetarians confined themselves to a hotel for two months in the late 1980s.
There, they consumed milk and vegetables prepared in the microwave oven and in other ways.
ƒXƒCƒX‚̐H•i‰»ŠwŽÒ‚ƁA’‡ŠÔ‚Å‚ ‚é7l‚̍ؐHŽå‹`ŽÒ‚Í1980”N‘ãŒã”¼‚É2ƒ–ŒŽŠÔƒzƒeƒ‹‚ÉŽ©‚ç‚ð•Â‚¶ž‚ß‚½B
‚»‚±‚ŁA”Þ‚ç‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚⑼‚Ì•û–@‚ŏˆ—‚µ‚½‹“û‚â–ìØ‚ðÛŽæ‚µ‚½B

Hertel emerged with an astonishing pronouncement.
Eating microwaved milk and vegetables caused changes in the men's blood that "appear to indicate the initial stage of a pathological process such as occurs at the start of a cancerous condition."
Hertel
‚Í‹Á‚­‚ׂ«Žå’£‚ð‚Ô‚¿ã‚°‚½B
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ŏˆ—‚³‚ꂽ‹“û‚â–ìØ‚̐ێæ‚́Al‚ÌŒŒ‰t‚ɕω»‚ðˆø‚«‹N‚±‚µAuƒKƒ“«ó‘Ô‚ÌŠJŽnŽž‚̂悤‚È•a—Šw“IƒvƒƒZƒX‚̏‰Šú’iŠK‚ðŽ¦‚·vB

Hertel didn't actually find that microwaved food caused cancer.
And his "study," which no researchers have tried to reproduce, was never peer-reviewed of published in a scientific journal.
Hertel
‚́AŽÀÛ‚É‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ŏˆ—‚³‚ꂽH•i‚ªƒKƒ“‚ðˆø‚«‹N‚±‚·Ž–ŽÀ‚ð”­Œ©‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
‚»‚µ‚Ä‘¼‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚ª‚¾‚êˆêl‚àÄŒ»‚µ‚Ă݂悤‚Æ‚µ‚È‚©‚Á‚½”Þ‚Ì "Œ¤‹†"‚́A‰ÈŠwŽGŽ‚ÅŒöŠJ‚·‚邽‚߂ɍ¸“Ç‚³‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚ÍŒˆ‚µ‚Ä‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

"Without knowing more about how he conducted his study, what he measured, how he measured it, and what he found, it's impossible to
@even begin to evaluate his findings," says Barry Swanson, a food scientist at Washington State University in Pullman.
u‚Ȃɂ𑪒肵‚½‚Ì‚©A‚Ç‚¤‚â‚Á‚Ä‘ª’肵‚½‚Ì‚©A‚»‚µ‚Ä‚È‚É‚ðŒ©‚Â‚¯‚½‚Ì‚©B”Þ‚ª‚ǂ̂悤‚ÉŒ¤‹†‚ðs‚Á‚½‚Ì‚©A‚à‚Á‚Əڂµ‚­•ª‚©‚ç‚È‚­‚ẮA”Þ‚ÌŒ¤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä•]‰¿‚ðŠJŽn‚·‚邱‚Æ‚³‚¦•s‰Â”\‚Å‚·vƒvƒ‹ƒ}ƒ“‚É‚ ‚郏ƒVƒ“ƒgƒ“B—§‘åŠw‚̐H•i‰ÈŠwŽÒABarry Swanson‚ÍŒ¾‚¤B

Hertel has dropped out of public view.
So has William Kopp, described only as a "U.S. researcher," who wrote an article in 1996 claiming that Cold War research in the Soviet Union had proven the dangers of microwave ovens.

ƒn[ƒeƒ‹‚ªŒöO‚Ì‘O‚©‚çÁ‚¦‚½B
‚»‚µ‚ÄWilliam Kopp‚́uƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒv‚Æ‚µ‚Ä—BˆêA‚±‚ÌŒ‚ð‘‚«‘±‚¯‚½B
”ނ́A—âíŽž‘ã‚̃\˜A‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̊댯«‚ðŠm”F‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‹LŽ–‚ð1996”N‚ɏ‘‚¢‚½B
ƒBEMSJ’F‚±‚Ì•¶‘‚É‚Í‚±‚Ì1996”N•¶‘‚ÌŒ´“T–¼‚Ȃǂ̏Љî‚Í‚È‚¢B„


"People who ingested microwaved foods showed a statistically higher incidence of stomach and intestinal cancers, plus a generaldegeneration of peripheral cellular tissues and a gradual breakdown of the function of the digestive and excretory systems," Kopp wrote.
u“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ŐH•i‚ðÛŽæ‚µ‚½l‚́AˆÝ‚â’°‚ÌŠà‚Ì“Œv“I‚É—LˆÓ‚ɍ‚‚¢”­¶—¦‚ɉÁ‚¦‚āAŽü•Ó‚̍זE‘gD‚̈ê”Ê“I‚ȕϐ«AÁ‰»‚Æ”rŸ•ƒVƒXƒeƒ€‚Ì‘Qi“I‚È‹@”\’ቺ‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚½v‚ÆWilliam Kopp‚͏‘‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éB

The Soviet research was never published and the institute where it was conducted, in what is now the Republic of Belarus, no longer exists. (The former Soviet Union may have banned microwave ovens for a short period, but no countries ban them today.) Kopp himself reportedly changed his name and vanished, believing that the appliance industry was out to persecute him.

ƒ\˜A‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÍŒˆ‚µ‚ÄŒö•\‚³‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚È‚©‚Á‚½B
Œ»Ý‚̃xƒ‰ƒ‹[ƒV‹¤˜a‘‚É‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚»‚ê‚ðŒ¤‹†‚µ‚½‹@ŠÖ‚́A‚à‚͂⑶Ý‚µ‚È‚¢i‹Œƒ\˜A‚Í’Z‚¢ŠúŠÔ“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ð‹ÖŽ~‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢‚ªA¡“ú‚Å‚Í‹ÖŽ~‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚鍑‚È‚Ç‚È‚¢jB
•·‚­‚Æ‚±‚ë‚É‚æ‚é‚ÆKopp‚͉ü–¼‚µA‚È‚è‚ðö‚ß‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚Á‚½‚ªA‚»‚ê‚͉Ɠd‹ÆŠE‚ª”Þ‚ð”—ŠQ‚µ‚悤‚Æ‚µ‚½‚½‚ß‚¾‚ƐM‚¶‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

While Hertel and Kopp are no longer around, their unsubstantiated charges are all over the Internet.
ƒn[ƒeƒ‹‚ÆKopp‚ÍŒ»Ý‚Å‚ÍŠˆ“®‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚ªA”Þ‚ç‚̍ª‹’‚Ì‚È‚¢”­‚̓Cƒ“ƒ^[ƒlƒbƒgã‚ɍL‚ª‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

gThe prolonged eating of microwaved foods causes cancerous cells to increase in human blood,h says g10 Reasons to Throw Out your Microwave Oven,h an article by Joseph Mercola, an Illinois alternative medicine physician who operates what he says is the g#1 Natural Health Siteh on the Internet (www.mercola.com).
u“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚³‚ꂽHÞ‚ð’·Šú‚ɂ킽‚Á‚ĐH‚ׂê‚΁Aƒqƒg‚ÌŒŒ‰t’†‚ÉŠà«‚̍זE‚ª‘B‚·‚év‚́Au“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ðŽÌ‚Ä‚é10‚Ì——Rv‚Å‚ ‚é‚ƁAƒCƒŠƒmƒCB‚Ì‘ã‘ÖˆãŠwŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚éMercola‚́A”Þ‚ª‰^‰c‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éƒCƒ“ƒ^[ƒlƒbƒg‚́u#1 Natural Health Sitev‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒTƒCƒg‚Ì‹LŽ–‚Ì’†‚ŏq‚ׂĂ¢‚éBiŽQÆFwww.mercola.comj

Foods cooked in microwave ovens are
ga recipe for cancer,h adds medical journalist Simon Best on his Electromagnetic Hazard and Therapy Web site (www.em-hazard-therapy.com).
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚³‚ꂽH•¨‚́uŠà‚Ö‚Ì“¹v‚Å‚ ‚é‚ƁAˆãŠwƒWƒƒ[ƒiƒŠƒXƒg‚ÌBest‚́A”Þ‚ª‰^‰c‚·‚éElectromagnetic Hazard and Therapy Web site (www.em-hazard-therapy.com)‚Æ‚¢‚¤ƒTƒCƒg‚ŁAq‚ׂĂ¢‚éB

Hertel and Kopp aside, here
fs what we know about microwave ovens.
ƒn[ƒeƒ‹‚Æ‚j‚‚‚‚Í‚³‚Ä‚¨‚«AˆÈ‰º‚ɁA‰äX‚ª’m‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ɂ‚¢‚ďq‚ׂéB

Inside the Microwave
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"While X-rays, gamma radiation [though not irradiated food], and even sunlight can cause cancer, microwave radiation cannot because it simply doesn't pack enough power to damage your DNA," says Gary Zeman of the Health Physics Society in McLean, Virginia.
The Society is a nonprofit scientific organization that promotes radiation safety.

uXüAƒKƒ“ƒ}üiÆŽË‚³‚ê‚È‚¢H•¨‚Å‚ ‚Á‚Ä‚àjA‚ ‚é‚¢‚Í“úŒõ‚Å‚³‚¦AƒKƒ“‚ðˆø‚«‹N‚±‚·‰Â”\«‚ª‚ ‚邪Aƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚É‚Í‚»‚̉”\«‚Í–³‚¢B
‚»‚ê‚Í’Pƒ‚ɁAƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ªDNA‚É‘¹‚ð—^‚¦‚é‚قǂ̃pƒ[‚ð—L‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚©‚炾v‚ƃo[ƒWƒjƒABAƒ}ƒNƒŠ[ƒ“‚É‚ ‚é•ÛŒ’•¨—Šw‰ïi•úŽËü‚̈À‘S‚𐄐i‚·‚é”ñ‰c—˜‚̉Ȋw“I‚È‘gDj‚ÌGary Zeman‚Í‚»‚¤q‚ׂĂ¢‚éB

i’†—ªj

Cancer
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Forget the charges floating around the Internet.
The
gevidenceh that microwaved foods cause cancer boils down to Hans Hertelfs and William Koppfs claims.
ƒCƒ“ƒ^[ƒlƒbƒgã‚É—¬‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚鍐”­‚ð–Y‚ê‚Ü‚µ‚傤B
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å‚Ì’²—‚³‚ꂽH•¨‚ªŠà‚ð‹N‚±‚·‚Æ‚¢‚¤ŠmØ‚̓n[ƒeƒ‹‚ÆKopp‚̈ӌ©‚ɏW–ñ‚³‚ê‚éB

gThere is nothing solid,h says Lawrence Livermorefs Jim Felton, who is also associate director for cancer control at the Cancer Center at the University of California, Davis.
uM—Š‚Å‚«‚é‚Ì‚à‚Í‚È‚¢v‚ÆLawrence Livermore‚Ì Jim Felton‚ÍŒ¾‚¤A”ނ̓Jƒ‹ƒtƒHƒ‹ƒjƒAEDavis‘åŠw‚ÌŠàƒZƒ“ƒ^[‚̃Kƒ“ŠÇ—‚Ì•›ŠÄ—Š¯‚Å‚ ‚éB

That may explain why scientists haven't spent time and money looking for a link. "I can honestly tell you that I have never seen a valid scientific study--and I pay attention to most of the cooking research out there--that has given us reason to test whether microwaving food could cause cancer," says Felton.
@"In fact, my research suggests just the opposite."
‰ÈŠwŽÒ‚́AŽžŠÔ‚Æ‚¨‹à‚ð”ï‚₵‚ÄŠÖ˜A‚𒲂ׂ悤‚Æ‚µ‚È‚¢——R‚ðà–¾‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚ ‚éB
u—¦’¼‚ÉŒ¾‚¤‚ƁAŽ„‚́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ŐH•i‚ªŠà‚ðˆø‚«‹N‚±‚·‚±‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é‚©‚Ç‚¤‚©‚ðƒeƒXƒg‚·‚邽‚ß‚Ì——R‚É‚È‚é‚悤‚ȁA—LŒø‚ȉȊw“IŒ¤‹†‚ð - Ž„‚Í‚»‚̂悤‚È’²—‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚錤‹†‚Ì‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‚É’ˆÓ‚𕥂Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚¾‚ª - ˆê“x‚½‚è‚Æ‚àŒ©‚½‚±‚Æ‚ª‚È‚¢v‚ÆFelton‚͏q‚ׂĂ¢‚éB

uŽÀ‚Ì‚Æ‚±‚ëAŽ„‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Í‚Ü‚Á‚½‚­”½‘΂̂±‚Æ‚ðŽ¦´‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éBv

Grilling or frying meat and poultry can create heterocyclic amines, which may cause cancer.
When Felton and his colleagues briefly microwaved meats and drained off the juices before grilling, most of the precursors of those potential carcinogens were lost along with the juices.
“÷‚⎵–Ê’¹‚ð–ԏĂ«‚â–û‚Åàu‚߂邱‚Ƃ́A”­‚ª‚ñ«‚ª‚ ‚é‚©‚à‚µ‚ê‚È‚¢•¡‘fŠÂŽ®ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_‚𐶂ݏo‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
Felton
‚Æ‹¤“¯Œ¤‹†ŽÒ‚ª“÷‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚µA–ԏĂ«‚Ì‘O‚É“÷`‚ðŠO‚ɏo‚µ‚½ŽžA”­‚ª‚ñ•¨Ž¿‚̐æ‹ì‘Ì‚Ì‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‚ª“÷`‚Æ‚Æ‚à‚ÉŽ¸‚í‚ꂽB

gI generally recommend that patients microwave their meats for one to five minutes and discard the juices before grilling,h says researcher Cyndi Thomson of the Arizona Cancer Center at the University of Arizona in Tucson.
uŽ„‚́AŠ³ŽÒ‚ɖԏĂ«‚·‚é‘O‚É“÷`‚ðŽÌ‚āA‚»‚ê‚©‚ç‚P•ª‚©‚ç‚T•ªŠÔA“÷‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ðíX‚ɐ…„§‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚év‚ƁATucson‚̃AƒŠƒ]ƒi‘åŠw‚̃AƒŠƒ]ƒi‚ª‚ñƒZƒ“ƒ^[‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒThompson‚ÍŒ¾‚¤¡

Nutrients
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If you microwave your food,
gyoufre zapping away nutrients and risking your health,h charges physician Joseph Mercola, who recommends that consumers get rid of their microwave ovens and eat at least a third of their food raw.
‚à‚µH•¨‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚µ‚½‚çAu‰h—{‘f‚ðŽE‚µAŒ’N‚ɃŠƒXƒN‚ð‚à‚½‚ç‚·v‚ƁAˆãŠwŽÒ‚ÌMercola‚͍”­‚·‚éA”ނ́AÁ”ïŽÒ‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ðˆ•ª‚µAHÞ‚Ì‚R•ª‚Ì‚P‚͐¶‚ŐH‚ׂ邱‚Ƃ𐄏§‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

"Actually, microwaving retains more nutrients than other forms of cooking, if you don't use a lot of water and don't overcook the food," says food scientist Barry Swanson.
uŽÀÛ‚ɂ́A…‚𑽗p‚¹‚¸A‰ßè‚É’²—‚µ‚È‚¯‚ê‚΁A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚Í‘¼‚Ì’²—•û–@‚æ‚è‚à‘½‚­‚̉h—{‘f‚ð•ÛŽ‚·‚év‚ƐH•i‰ÈŠwŽÒBarry Swanson‚ÍŒ¾‚¤B

"For some reason, people think heat breaks down vitamins, but most vitamins are really very stable to heat. Nutrients are mostly lost into the water, and there's no reason to add water to vegetables or anything else that already contains a lot of water."
u‚È‚ñ‚ç‚©‚Ì——R‚ŁAlX‚͉Á”M‚ªƒrƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚ð”j‰ó‚·‚é‚ƍl‚¦‚éB‚µ‚©‚µA‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚ǂ̃rƒ^ƒ~ƒ“‚́AŽÀÛ‚É‚Í”M‚ɑ΂µ‚Ä”ñí‚ɈÀ’è‚Å‚ ‚éB‰h—{‘f‚Ì‘½‚­‚͐…‚É—n‚¯o‚µ‚ÄŽ¸‚í‚ê‚éB‚»‚µ‚Ä–ìØA‚ ‚é‚¢‚Í‚à‚Æ‚à‚Ɛ…•ª‚𑽂­ŠÜ‚ñ‚Å‚¢‚é‚à‚Ì‚·‚ׂĂɂ́A‘½—ʂ̐…‚ð’ljÁ‚·‚闝—R‚Í‚È‚¢Bv

Too much water was apparently the problem in a 2003 study in which European researchers reported that microwaving broccoli in a bowl of water destroyed nearly all of several flavonoids, while steaming had only a mild effect on them. (Flavonoids are plant compounds that may help protect against heart disease and cancer, though the evidence is scanty.)
2003
”N‚Ƀˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚ªAƒ{ƒEƒ‹‚̐…‚Ì’†‚̃uƒƒbƒRƒŠ‚ð“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚µ‚½ŽžA”Ží—ނ̃tƒ‰ƒ{ƒmƒCƒh‚Ì‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç‘S‚Ä‚ª”j‰ó‚³‚ꂽiƒXƒ`[ƒ€‚É‚æ‚é’²—‚̏ꍇ‚́A‚²‚­Œy‚¢‰e‹¿‚Ì‚Ý‚¾‚Á‚½j‚Æ•ñ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邪A‚±‚ÌŒ‹‰Ê‚͉ߏè‚Ȑ…‚ÉŒ´ˆö‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½‚ÆŒ©‚ç‚ê‚éBiƒtƒ‰ƒ{ƒmƒCƒh‚́AØ‹’‚Í•s\•ª‚Å‚Í‚ ‚邪AS‘Ÿ”­ì‚âƒKƒ“‚©‚çŽç‚Á‚Ä‚­‚ê‚é‚Æ‚³‚ê‚éA•¨‚̐¬•ªj

That research isn't relevant to household microwaving, says Swanson. "Basically, the researchers added far too much water and
@microwaved the living daylights out of the broccoli."
‚»‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚͉ƒë‚Å‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ÆŠÖŒW‚ª‚È‚¢A‚ÆSwanson‚ÍŒ¾‚¤B
uŠî–{“I‚ɁA‚»‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒ‚Í‚ ‚Ü‚è‚É‚à‘½‚­‚̐…‚ð‰Á‚¦‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Å’²—‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB‚±‚ê‚̓uƒƒbƒRƒŠ‚Ì’²—‚Æ‚µ‚Ă͒ʏí‚ł͍l‚¦‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢v


Wrapps,Containers,& Packageng
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Do microwave ovens leak radiation?
“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚©‚ç“dŽ¥”g‚ª‚à‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚ ‚é‚Ì‚¾‚낤‚©H

"The FDA discontinued field testing them in the early 1980s, in part because of budget cutbacks and in part because few ovens didn't meet federal safety standards," says George Kraus of the agency's Center for Devices and Radiological Health.
uFDA‚Í1980”N‘㏉‚߂ɁA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̃eƒXƒgŽÀŽ{‚𒆎~‚µ‚½B——R‚̂ЂƂ‚͗\ŽZíŒ¸‚¾‚ªA•Ê‚Ì——R‚͘A–M‚̈À‘SŠî€‚ð–ž‚½‚³‚È‚¢“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ª‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç–³‚©‚Á‚½‚½‚ß‚¾v‚ƁAˆã—Ë@ŠíE•úŽËü•ÛŒ’ƒZƒ“ƒ^[’¡‚ÌGeorge Kraus‚ÍŒ¾‚¤B

In 2000, Health Canada (the Canadian equivalent of the Department of Health and Human Services) tested 60 new microwave ovens and103 used ovens. None of the new ones, and only one of the used ones, exceeded Canada's stringent leakage limits, which are similar to the U.S. limits.
The one oven that failed was 23 years old.

2000”N‚ɂ́AƒJƒiƒ_•ÛŒ’È(•ÛŒ’ŽÐ‰ï•ŸŽƒÈ‚É‘Š“–‚·‚éƒJƒiƒ_‚̏Ȓ¡)‚ªA60‘ä‚̐V•i‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚¨‚æ‚Ñ103‘ä‚Ì’†ŒÃ‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ðƒeƒXƒg‚µ‚½B
ƒJƒiƒ_‚ÌŒµŠi‚ȘR‰kŒÀ“x‚ð‰z‚¦‚½‚Ì‚Í’†ŒÃ•i‚Ì‚¤‚¿‚Ì‚½‚Á‚½1‘ä‚ŁAV•i‚Å‚ÍŠF–³‚¾‚Á‚½B
‚±‚̘R‰kŒÀ“x’l‚͕č‘‚Ì‹K’è‚Æ‚Ù‚Ú“¯‡‚È‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB
ŒÀ“x‚ð‰z‚¦‚½1‘ä‚́A23”N‘O‚Ì’†ŒÃ‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚¾‚Á‚½B

"Leakage of microwaves can only occur if the cooking chamber--including the metal grid over the front window and the seals around the door--has holes in it," says the University of Virginia's Louis Bloomfield.
uƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚̘R‰k‚ª¶‚¶‚é‰Â”\«‚ª‚ ‚é‚̂́A“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì➑Ì(³–Ê‚Ì‘‹‚𕢂¤‹à‘®ƒOƒŠƒbƒh‚¨‚æ‚уhƒA‚Ì‚Ü‚í‚è‚̃V[ƒ‹‚ðŠÜ‚Þ)‚ÉŒŠ‚ª‚ ‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‚«‚¾‚¯‚¾v‚ƃo[ƒWƒjƒA‘åŠw‚ÌLouis Bloomfield‚ÍŒ¾‚¤B

And even in the unlikely event that your microwave does leak, you're not going to be showered with radiation.
Microwaves lose intensity rapidly as they spread out.
By the time they've traveled a foot of so from a small leak, they've effectively disappeared.
‚Ü‚½Aƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g˜R‰k‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚ ‚è‚»‚¤‚à‚È‚¢o—ˆŽ–‚ª‹N‚±‚Á‚½‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚àA“dŽ¥”g‚ð‘å—Ê‚É—‚Ñ‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚É‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢‚¾‚낤B
ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚ÍŠgŽU‚·‚é‚Æ‚Æ‚à‚É‚»‚Ì“dŽ¥”g‹­“x‚ª‹}‘¬‚ɒቺ‚·‚éB
¬‚³‚ȘR‚êŒû‚©‚ç1ƒtƒB[ƒg‚Ì‹óŠÔ‚ð“`”À‚·‚éŠÔ‚ɁA‚»‚ê‚ç‚ÍŽ–ŽÀã–³Ž‹‚Å‚«‚郌ƒxƒ‹‚ɒቺ‚µ‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚¤B

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‚P‚VNADKopp‚ÌŒ´“T‚́H


‚P‚VN‚Å
uƒn[ƒeƒ‹‚ªŒöO‚Ì‘O‚©‚çÁ‚¦‚½B
‚»‚µ‚ÄWilliam Kopp‚́uƒAƒƒŠƒJ‚ÌŒ¤‹†ŽÒv‚Æ‚µ‚Ä—BˆêA‚±‚ÌŒ‚ð‘‚«‘±‚¯‚½B
”ނ́A—âíŽž‘ã‚̃\˜A‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚̊댯«‚ðŠm”F‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‹LŽ–‚ð1996”N‚ɏ‘‚¢‚½Bv@‚Æ‚ ‚éB

BEMSJ
’F‚±‚Ì17N‚ŏЉ‚½•¶‘‚É‚Í‚±‚Ì1996”N•¶‘‚ÌŒ´“T–¼‚Ȃǂ̏Љî‚Í‚È‚¢B

Œ´“T‚Í‚Ç‚±‚É‚ ‚é‚©H

”­s”N‚Í•sÚ‚ŁAˆÈ‰º‚Ì•¶‘‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Ƃ́A—lX‚ÈWEBƒTƒCƒg‚ŏЉ‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB
‚±‚ÌŒ´•¶ƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚́AƒlƒbƒgŒŸõ‚Å‚ÍŒ©‚‚©‚ç‚È‚¢B

–––––––––––––––––––––––
FORENSIC RESEARCH DOCUMENT
Prepared By: William P. Kopp
R. E. C. Research Operations
TO617R10/1077F05
RELEASE PRIORITY: CLASS I ROO1a
––––––––––––––––––––––––

ˆÈ‰º‚ÌŽGŽ‚É“]Ú‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½B@Œ´•¶@PDFƒtƒ@ƒCƒ‹‚Í‚±‚¿‚ç‚Ö

ŒfÚŽFThe Journal of Natural Science Volume 1 No. 1@April June 1998
ƒ^ƒCƒgƒ‹FEffects of Microwaves on Humans
FORENSIC RESEARCH DOCUMENT T061-7RIO/10-77F05;
RELEASE PRIORITY: CLASS 1 ROOla
’˜ŽÒFWilliam P. Kopp@Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.

1976
”N‚Ƀ\˜A‚Ì–@‹K§‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚é‰ÓŠ‚Ì‚Ý‚ðˆÈ‰º‚Ɉø—p‚·‚éB
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE
”˜˜I‚É‚æ‚鐶•¨Šwã‚̉e‹¿

Exposure to microwave emissions also had an unpredictably negative effect upon the general biological welfare of humans.
ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚É”˜˜I‚·‚é‚ƁAƒqƒg‚̐¶•¨Šw“I‚ÈŒ’Nó‘Ô‚É—\Šú‚¹‚Ê—LŠQ‚ȉe‹¿‚ª‚à‚½‚炳‚ê‚éB

This was not discovered until the Russians experimented with highly sophisticated equipment and discovered that a human did not even need to ingest the material substance of the microwaved food substances: that even exposure to the energy-field itself was sufficient to cause such adverse side effects that the use of any such microwave apparatus was forbidden in 1976 by Soviet state law.
‚±‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ́AƒƒVƒA‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä”ñí‚ɍ‚
‚È‹@Ší‚ð—p‚¢‚½ŽÀŒ±‚ª‚í‚ê‚é‚Ü‚Å‚Í”»‚ç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B‚»‚µ‚āAƒqƒg‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW’²‚³‚ꂽH‚ו¨‚ÉŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚镨Ž¿‚ðÛŽæ‚·‚é•K—v‚³‚¦‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ª”»‚Á‚½B“dŽ¥”g‚Ö‚Ì”˜˜I‚́A1976ƒ\ƒrƒGƒg˜A–M‚Ì–@‚É‚æ‚è‹ÖŽ~‚³‚ꂽ‚»‚̂悤‚ȃ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‹@Ší‚ÌŽg—p‚ªAƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚Ì—LŠQ‚È•›ì—p‚ð‚à‚½‚ç‚·‚ɂ́A\•ª‚Å‚ ‚éB

The following are the enumerated effects:
ˆÈ‰º‚́A
‹“‚³‚ꂽ‚»‚̉e‹¿‚Å‚ ‚éB

1. A breakdown of the human "life-energy field" in those who were exposed to microwave ovens while in operation, with side-effects to the human energy field of increasingly longer duration;
‰Ò“®’†‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚É‚³‚炳‚ꂽl‚́u¶–½ƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[êv‚ª”j‰ó‚³‚ê‚éB‚»‚ê‚́A¶–½ƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[ê‚ÌŽüŠú‚ª‚æ‚è’·‚­‚È‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤•›ì—p‚𔺂¤B

2. A degeneration of the cellular voltage parallels during the process of using the apparatus, especially in the blood
@and lymphatic areas;
‹@Ší‚̍쓮’†‚ɁA×–E‚Ì“dˆÊ•½t«‚ªA‚Æ‚è‚킯ŒŒ‰t‚ƃŠƒ“ƒpŒn‚É‚¨‚¢‚ÄŒ¸­‚·‚éB

3. A degeneration and destabilization of the external energy activated potentials of food utilization within the processes of human metabolism;
l‚Ì‘ãŽÓ‰ß’ö‚Ì’†‚ŁAH‚ו¨‚ð
—p‚·‚éŠO•”Šˆ«‰»ƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[‚̐öÝ”\‚ª’ቺ‚µA‚©‚AˆÀ’è‚É‚È‚éB

4. A degeneration and destabilization of internal cellular membrane potentials while transferring catabolic [metabolic breakdown] processes into the blood serum from the digestive process;
‘ãŽÓ‚Æ•ª‰ð‚̉ߒö‚ªÁ‰»ŠíŒn‚©‚猌´’†‚Ɉڂ·‚éˆê•ûA“à‘¤×–E–Œ‚̐öÝ”\‚ª’ቺ‚µA‚©‚AˆÀ’è‚É‚È‚éB

5. Degeneration and circuit breakdowns of electrical nerve impulses within the junction potentials of the cerebrum [the front portion of the brain where thought and higher functions reside];
‘å”]i”]‚Ì‘O–ʂɈʒu‚µAŽvl‚ƍ‚ŽŸ‚Ì‹@”\‚ðŽi‚éj‚̘AŒg“dˆÊ‚Ì“d‹C“I_ŒoM†ƒpƒ‹ƒX‚ªŽã‘̉»‚µA‚©‚A‰ñ‚ª”j’]‚·‚éB

6. A degeneration and breakdown of nerve electrical circuits and loss of energy field symmetry in the neuroplexuses [nerve centers] both in the front and the rear of the central and autonomic nervous systems;
‘O•”‚ƌ㕔‘o•û‚Ì’†•_Œo‚ÆŽ©
_ŒoŒn‚̐_Œo’†•‚̃Gƒlƒ‹ƒM[ê‚Ì•½t«‚ªŽ¸‚í‚êA“d‹C“I_Œo‰ñ‚ªŽã‘̉»‚Æ”j’]‚ª‹N‚±‚éB

7. Loss of balance and circuiting of the bioelectric strengths within the ascending reticular activating system [the system which controls the function of consciousness];
ã
–ԏóŒni‚ŽŸ‚̈ӂðŽi‚éj“à‚É‚¨‚¢‚āA¶‘Ì“d‹C“I‹­Žã‚̃oƒ‰ƒ“ƒX‚Ɖñ‚ªŽ¸‚í‚ê‚éB

8. A long term cumulative loss of vital energies within humans, animals and plants that were located within a 500-meter radius of the operational equipment;
“®ì‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g”­¶Œ¹‚æ‚蔼Œa500ƒ[ƒgƒ‹ˆÈ“à‚É‚¢‚élA“®•¨AA•¨‚̐¶–½ƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[‚ªA’·ŠúŠÔ‚ɂ킽‚Á‚ĐϓI‚ÉŒ¸Š‚·‚éB

9. Long lasting residual effects of magnetic "deposits" were located throughout the nervous system and lymphaticsystem;
Ž¥‹C‘͐ς̒·ŽžŠÔÁ‚¦‚È‚¢Žc—¯Œø‰Ê‚ªA_ŒoŒn‚ƃŠƒ“ƒpŒn‚É‚­‚Ü‚È‚­‘¶Ý‚·‚éB

ƒBEMSJ’Fresidual effects of Magnetic Deposits‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚ª•s–¾B‚à‚µ‚±‚ꂪu“dŽ¥”g‚à‚µ‚­‚ÍŽ¥ŠE‚ª_Œo‚⃊ƒ“ƒpŒn‚É‚ ‚éŒø‰Ê‚ðŽ‚Á‚ÄŽc—¯‚·‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚Å‚ ‚ê‚΁Aƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g‚Æ‚¢‚Á‚½“dŽ¥”g‚ÍŠî–{“I‚ÉŽc—¯Œø‰Ê‚ª–³‚¢‚̂ŁA‚±‚Ì‚X€‚Í–¾‚ç‚©‚ÈŒë‚è‚Æ‚È‚éB„

10. A destabilization and interruption in the production of hormones and maintenance of hormonal balance in males and females;
ƒzƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“‚̐¶¬‚ƃzƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“ƒoƒ‰ƒ“ƒX‚̈ێ‚ªA’j«
«‘o•û‚É‚¨‚¢‚ĈÀ’è‚É‚È‚èA‘jŠQ‚³‚ê‚éB

11. Markedly higher levels of brainwave disturbance in the alpha, theta, and delta wave signal patterns of persons exposed to microwave emission fields, and;
ƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g“dŽ¥”g‚𗁂т½l‚Ì”]”g‚̃Aƒ‹ƒtƒ@”gAƒV[ƒ^”gAƒfƒ‹ƒ^”g‚̐M†ƒpƒ^[ƒ“‚ªA”ñí‚ÉŒ°’˜‚É–WŠQ‚³‚ê‚éB

ƒBEMSJ’F‚±‚̍€‚à‹^–â‚Å‚ ‚éBƒ}ƒCƒNƒ”g”˜˜I‚Å”]”g‚ª•Ï‚í‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¤‹†‚Í‚È‚¢‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚©B„

12. Because of this brainwave disturbance, negative psychological effects were noted, including loss of memory, loss of ability to concentrate, suppressed emotional threshold, deceleration of intellective processes, and interruptive sleep episodes in a statistically higher percentage of individuals subjected to continual range emissive field effects of microwave apparatus, either in cooking apparatus or in transmission stations.
‚±‚¤‚µ‚½”]”g‚Ö‚Ì–WŠQ‚䂦‚ɁAˆÈ‰º‚̉A«‚̐S“I‚ȉe‹¿‚ª•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB•¨–Y‚êAW’†Œ‡”@AŠ´î臒l‚Ì—}§A’m“IŠˆ“®‚ÌŒ¸‘ށA–°‚Ȃǂ̏Ǐ󂪁A•Ï“dŠ‚â“®ì’†‚Ì“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW“™‚̃}ƒCƒNƒ”g‹@Ší‚̘A‘±‚µ‚½”˜˜I‚É‚æ‚éŒø‰Ê‚Æ‚µ‚āAŒÂX‚̐lX‚ɁA“Œv“I‚ɍ‚‚¢Šm—¦‚ŁA•ñ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––

ˆÈã‚Ì‚P‚Q€–Ú‚Í‹Œƒ\˜AŽž‘ã‚ÌŒ¤‹†Œ‹‰Ê‚Æ‚³‚ê‚邪A‚P‚Q€–Ú‘S‚Ä‚ªA”ñ‰ÈŠw“I‚ŁA’´í“I‚ȁu‰F’ˆƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[v‚Æ‚¢‚Á‚½˜b‚ÉŽ—‚Ä‚¢‚é—l‚ÉŒ©‚¦‚éB
‚±‚ê‚ł́A‚±‚Ì‚P‚Q€–Ú‚ð‚à‚Á‚Ä‚µ‚āA“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚ÌŽg—p‚ð–@‹K§‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Í–¾‚ç‚©‚É”ñ‰ÈŠw“I‚Å‚ ‚é‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚éB



‚±‚ÌKopp‚ÌŒ´•¶‚ðŒ©‚Ä‚àA1976”N‚Ƀ\˜A‚ª“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‚Ì–@‹K§‚ðs‚Á‚½Œ³ƒlƒ^‚͏Љ‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B

 

‚±‚ÌŽGŽ‚Ɉȉº‚̕ҏWŽÒ’‹L‚ª‚ ‚éB

 

––––––––––––––––––––––––––

KOPP GOT IN THE WAY OF@THE Microwave Oven Lobby

Kopp‚Í“dŽqƒŒƒ“ƒW‹ÆŠE‚̎ז‚‚ð‚µ‚½B

 

The original of this forensic research document is to be found@in the Archives of the Atlantis Rising Educational Center@in Port-land, Oregon.

‚±‚Ì–@’ì’²¸•¶‘‚ÌŒ´–{‚́AƒIƒŒƒSƒ“Bƒ|[ƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒh‚ÌAtlantis Rising Educational Center‚Ì•ÛŠÇ•¶‘‚Ì’†‚É‚ ‚éB

The autthor William Kopp worked there from 1977 to 1979.

•MŽÒ‚ÌWEKopp‚Í1977”N‚©‚ç1979”N‚ɁA‚»‚±‚Å“­‚¢‚½B

 

Already twenty years ago Kopp gathered all documents known so far concerning the scientific proofs about microwaves 'harmful effects on humans.

Šù‚É20”NˆÈã‘O‚̘b‚Å‚ ‚邪AKopp‚̓}ƒCƒNƒ”g“dŽ¥”g‚ªƒqƒg‚É—LŠQ‚Å‚ ‚邱‚Ƃɂ‚¢‚āA‰ÈŠw“I‚Ș_‹’‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æ‚³‚ê‚镶‘‚ðŽûW‚µ‚½B

 

By doing this he got in the way of a powerful lobby and was forced later on to even change his name and to disappear.

‚»‚¤‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚æ‚Á‚āA”Þ‚Í‹­—Í‚È‹ÆŠE‚ðŽ×–‚‚µA‚»‚µ‚ÄŒã“úA–¼‚ð•Ï‚¦‚āA¢ŠÔ‚©‚ç‰B‚ê‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚­‚È‚Á‚½B

–––––––––––––––––––––––––

 

‚±‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚©‚çuKopp‚ª1996”N‚ɏ‘‚¢‚½EEEEv‚Ì•¶‘‚Æ‚¢‚Ì‚ÍŒë‚è‚ŁAKopp‚Í1977”N]1979”N‚̊ԂɁAã‹L‚Ì•¶‘‚ð‚Ü‚Æ‚ß‚½‚Æ‚³‚ê‚éB

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